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English presentation - substitution and ellipsis
Transcript of English presentation - substitution and ellipsis
things too much Substitution-
Nominal substitution Replacing one word or phrase with another
a pronoun of a noun
(e.g. some, all, each, none, either, neither,
both, a few) Substitution-
Verbal substitution use do to replace a verb ELLIPSIS Substitution and Ellipsis Maggie Chan
Jordan Wong Substitution and ellipsis ensure that the flow of text John's arrived. He's in the living room. All the pupils did the exam but only some passed. Substitution-
Lexical substitution Use different nouns for the same things. Meeting my uncle after all these years was an unforgettable moment, one I will always treasure. I'd like a sweet sherry and John would like a dry one. avoid repeating:
-a present or past simple verb
-main verb in coordinate clauses They live very near to where I do. Mark phoned the police and I did too. I need to write up the experiment but I'll do it tomorrow. Substitution-
Clausal substitution use so or not to replace
whole clause with do or
with other verbs People would like to smoke in public places
but they are banned from doing so. Will they be coming to our party?
I guess not. omitting something completely Omit nouns after words like
some, the other and comparatives. He wants to go to one lecture and I want to go to the other. We were offered two rooms and we chose the bigger. Omit nouns or pronoun in the second of two coordinate clause. I went to the bar and (I) asked for a beer. Coffee appeals to young people and tea to the elderly. Omit a verb to avoid repeating it. Has the boss arrived?
It's ten o'clock. He must have. We can introduce a new modal
in order to add interpretation. Omit an infinitive phrase
when the meaning is clear. Although Mary has
tried hard to stop smaking,
she hasn't been able to. THE END