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Annotating Mss

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by

Mariken Teeuwen

on 24 June 2015

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Transcript of Annotating Mss

Annotating Practices in Medieval Manuscripts
Marginal annotations
Marginal annotations added to a text in the margin, for example to clarify, to add information, or discuss issues.
Interlinear Annotations
Interlinear annotations are pieces of writing attached to a text in the space between the lines, for example to suggest synonyms or give translations (glosses) or to clarify grammatical issues.
Corrections
Corrections actively interfere with a main text in a manuscript: they delete, for example by scratching out, crossing out or expunction.
Attachments
Attachments are pieces of writing or drawing added in a manuscript without having a clear relation to the main texts in it. E.g. a chant added to a homiliary.
Commentary
A commentary is a 'set' body of annotations copied into a manuscript in the margin and/or interlinear space.
Probations
Probations are pen-trials or doodles, added to manuscript margins and flyleaves.
Reading cues
Reading cues are signs, letters, words or numbers which guide the reader through the structure of a text. E.g. running titles, marginal keywords, section numbers.
Technical signs (signposts)
Technical signs are symbols used to express doubt or approval. They facilitate both textual criticism and content criticism. They guide the interpretation of a reader. E.g. obelus (-), asterisk (x), chi-rho symbol.
Source references
Source references are names and/or titles, in full or abbreviated, added in the margin.
Quotation marks
Quotation marks are usually s- or ss-shaped signs added in the margin to mark a quotation
Nota signs
Nota signs are NT- or N-abbreviations, signifying a noteworthy place in a text.
Selection signs
Selection signs are signs added by a master to instruct the copyists working for him which parts of a text should be copied into a new compilation, and in which order.
Construe marks
These are small graphic signs which guide the reader through the grammatical structure of a text.
Neums
These are pieces of musical notation.
Tironian notes
These are symbols from the set of Tironian shorthand symbols. They are used, for example, to save space, or to add inobstrusive markings for the copyists or students of a text (usque hic).
Tie marks
These are graphic signs or lettershaped signs which are used to tie the pieces of text in the margin to the appropriate passages in the main text (signes de renvoie).
Diagrams and drawings
Diagrams are sometimes used to illustrate ideas in the text in a more abstract fashion
This presentation aims at an overview of types of scribal activity and specific phenomena encountered in marginal and interlinear spaces of manuscripts from the period 800-1000.
And then lots more!
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