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Day of the dead

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by

Lauren Tidman

on 15 April 2016

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Transcript of Day of the dead

Symbols of the Festival
What?
'Dia de los Muertos' originated centuries ago in Mexico, where it is still widely celebrated to this day. The holiday is a blend of
pre-Hispanic

indigenous
beliefs and Spanish Catholic beliefs.
Dia de los Muertos is celebrated throughout Mexico. Many other countries around the world celebrate similar (or hybrid) versions of Day of the Dead as well, by having special days for honoring the dead.
Where?
WHAT IS DIA DE
LOS MUERTOS?
Dia de los Muertos is a holiday for remembering and honoring those who have passed. It is a festive, joyous time of celebration. Day of the Dead is Mexico's most important holiday, which means they invest a lot of time and money into celebrating Dia de los Muertos, moreso than any other holiday.
Traditions of the festivals
Youtube Clip
Mexican cempasúchitl (marigold) is the traditional flower used to honor the dead. It is yellow like the sun and represents life and hope. They are used in the altars and graveyards. –Source Wikipedia
Mexican Culture
The day of the dead festival
Candy Skulls
Candy skulls made of sugar are part of the Day of the Dead tradition. Placing the calaveritas or little skulls in the altars as an offering is a custom from urban areas. In the rural areas the return of the dead is celebrated placing traditional dishes.
Photograph
in mexico
The most iconic skeleton is La Catrina,
originally named La Calavera Garbancera,
created by Mexican artist
José Guadalupe Posada in the 1800’s
The design of the sugar skulls
Patterns on the
skulls showing
decoration for
the dead people
Keeping with the true spirit of
Day of the Dead, sugar skulls
are not creepy or morbid.
Instead, they are happy,
vibrant candies that are often
smiling or laughing. The bright
colors and sparkly decorations
on the sugar skulls are cheerful
enough to clear away any fear or
concern about what they stand for.
Marigold
Eyes
Happy, smiling skull
We are learning to...
To develop

drawing

skills
To develop tonal skills.
We are looking for you to...
To discuss the artwork within your groups and produce a tonal drawing of a skull using cross-hatching
You should apply your pencil carefully to show Shape and Tone
Time allowed-
two lessons
To draw the skull using correct proportions
and to show understanding of cross-hatching
To start with a line down the middle of the page
To draw a circle for the head.
To draw a rectangle for the face.
Apply darker tones on the skulls to show shape.
Use a rubber for the lighter tones.

Lets learn Spanish
flores
- flowers
ofrenda
- offering
naranjas
- oranges
calaca
- skeleton
canas
- sugar canes
pan de muertos
- Day of the Dead bread
cultura
- culture
angelitos
- young children who have died and are remembered on Day of Dead.
We are learning....
To apply Chalk pastel to create
pattern & Detail.
We are looking for you to...
Must
To complete the tonal drawing of a skull
To Draw one side of the skull (use template provided if you want)
To draw design using charcoal
To apply coloured chalk to create an interesting design.
You all must draw a sugar skull & show design.
should
Include a rang of different pattern
.
Include an extra element such as a butterfly or flower to the
sugar skull.
Could
We are learning to...
To design a Sugar Skull with inspiration from the Day of the dead festival
We are looking for you to...
To explore pattern, insects, butterflies, flowers on a skull in preparation for making a ceramic mask.
To include a 3D element on your drawing
Time allowed-
two lessons
Include a
3D element
We are learning to...
Design a sugar skull using inspiration from the work you have complete so far.
To use ceramic techniques understanding health and safety rules to make a decorative sugar skull
We are looking for you to...
To finish your page/design
to make a mold from newspaper in a skull shape
To roll out the clay into a slab
Place the clay on top of the slab to form the shape


Health & Safety
Clay dust can be dangerous clean your tools and area
Knifes are sharp - carefully carry them around.
Ceramic
Modelling
Score & Slip
Wire-loop Tool
Slab of clay
To work towards the following levels you should
Assessment Criteria
Is my skulls accurate?
Have I applied a variety of tones?
Have I use a rubber to achieve the highlights?
Assessment Criteria
Have I applied the chalk with good control.
Have I included a range of different tones.
We are looking for you...
Success Criteria
To create a ceramic day of the dead skull.
To use clay health & Safety rules.
We are learning...
To ensure your design is finished
Think about inspiration from what you have drawn so far
.

You can adapt the design.
To

roll
your clay so that it is flat (but not too thin) do not re-roll
To wrap your skull over the mold (you may use the template)
To
apply
extra clay to your skull. ensure that you have included one 3D element and a variety of pattern inspired by your sketchbook work.
You must..
Use that clay as instructed. Follow Health & Safety advice.
You should

Be creative with your clay - ensure that it shows Mexican-day of the dead inspiration.
You could
Include 3D flowers, butterflies, insects, bows.

HAVE I?
Drawn an interesting design to follow?
Ensured my mask is inspired by Day of the dead festival.
Been finished neatly by refining the clay with a dampened sponge.
Assessment Criteria
Health & Safety
Clay dust can be dangerous clean your tools and area
Knifes are sharp - carefully carry them around.
Score & Slip
Wire-loop Tool
Slab of clay
We are looking for you...
Success Criteria
To paint our day of the dead skulls
To use blending techniques.
To use doodle techniques if skull is not fired yet.
We are learning...
To ensure your design is finished
Think about inspiration from what you have drawn so far
.

You can adapt the design.
To paint your skull white.
To apply the paint carefully using watercolour and ensuring you are blending.
You must..
Paint the background white.
You should

Be creative with your clay - ensure that it shows Mexican-day of the dead inspiration.
You could
Include pattern using pen to your skull.

HAVE I?
Painting the mask carefully
Ensured my mask is inspired by Day of the dead festival.
Applied different tones within my work?
Assessment Criteria
Health & Safety
Ensure you are careful with your ceramic mask, it is delicate.
Flowers
Cobweb
Mexico
Full transcript