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Rise of Nazism

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Yx Thung

on 15 August 2013

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Transcript of Rise of Nazism

Nazi's Ascension (1920s-1930s)
Munich Putsch (1923)
Failed coup d'etat on the Weimar Government

by the Nazi Party on 8 November
Resulted in a

9 month prison sentence
for Hitler
During his time in prison, he

wrote his book "Mein Kampf"
in which he discusses his

political ideologies
His every word during the trial was

reported on the newspapers
enormous publicity

for himself and his idea
Set the foundation for

large public support

for the Nazis
The Great Depression (1929)
Wall Street Crash
in the United States in 1929 led to a
disastrous economic depression.
Countries relying on the USA
were also badly affected. This includes
borrowed large sums of money from the USA.
Businesses went bankrupt, workers were laid off, and unemployment rocketed.
The German civilians were very
displeased with the government's inaction.
The Germans wanted a
stronger leader
and seek an
alternative in the other parties.
This led to the
strong entry of the Nazi Party.
Elimination of Political Opponents (1934)
Reichstag Fire
On 27 February, the

Reichstag building was burnt down.

blamed it on the Communists


used special powers by President Hindenburg

eliminate the communists

and break up meetings. This led to the
Nazis receiving less competition in the 1933 Elections,

allowing them a
stronger foothold of the government
Night of Long Knives
Hitler was

suspicious of the SA and its leader Ernst Röhm.

He had to

choose between the SA or the German Army(SS).

On 29-30 June, he sent SS men and

executed leading figures of the SA as well as Röhm.

consolidated his power

within the Nazi party and the influential organisations.

Nazi Rises to Power
Hitler becomes the
and has all-wielding power.
All political opponents have been
The Nazis have
rose to power.
Joining the Nazis (1919-1921)
Hitler joins
German Workers Party
in 1919.
ideas were very popular
in the party and he
became the party leader
in 1921.
This was the stepping stone to his
leadership of the Nazis.
Ruhr Crisis (1923)
In 1922, Germany

did not pay the reparations

under the Treaty of Versailles.
The French lost their patience and decided to

occupy Ruhr.
They killed

over 100 workers and expelled over 100,000 protesters from the region.
This occupation also caused the
collapse of the German currency,
highlighting the

weakness of the Weimar government.
Hyperinflation (1923)
Due to poor trade, the government decided to simply

print money to pay off debts.
The money did pay off debts but the
large amount of money in circulation
led to hyperinflation. The

cost of everything could only rise.
For instance, a load of bread went from


marks in 1918 to


marks in 1923.
This once again, highlighted the

government's weakness
Hitler becomes Chancellor (1933)
The Weimar government was becoming very
in the early 1930s due to the
continuous usage of emergency powers contradicts the principles of democracy.
As such, Hindenburg
appointed Hitler as Chancellor.
This allowed Hitler to take a step further in
bringing the Nazis to power.
Death of Hindenburg (1934)
On 2 August 1934,
President Paul von Hindenburg died.

installed himself as President

took over as the Supreme Leader of Germany.
The entire German army

swore an oath of loyalty

him, and
promised to serve Hitler
Hitler was thus

uncontested and brought the Nazis to power.
Hitler and the Nazis
In this prezi, we will explore:
the events which led to the
ascension of Nazi's power
after WW1
3 major events
which significantly led to the above
Important events are marked in [ ]
Aaron Toh (01)
Maxz Ho (17)
Ng Ding Xuan (18)
Thung You Xuan (24)

Hitlers' Views and Ideologies
National Socialism
Aryan Master
Armed Force
Living space (Lebensraum)
Der Fuhrer
Major Reasons that led to the Rise of Nazism
Elimination of Political Opponents (1934)
Reduced the competition
from the Communists and SAs
consolidated his power
within Germany as well as the Nazis itself
Made his
journey to power smoother
less opposition
The Great Depression (1929)
Was a major issue that
affected many people
People were
discontented with the inaction
of the government, and wanted to hear something
Hitler took seized the opportunity to
make a strong entry
Growth of Nazi's
popularity significantly increased
after the Great Depression
Munich Putsch (1923)
Though it was a failure, it prompted him to
write his book "Mein Kampf"
, allowing him to
express his views
Being a powerful speaker and writer, the book
garnered a lot of support
for him
One of the early sources of public support which
lay foundation
for the future
Thank you for your attention!
Full transcript