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Pre-Colonial Philippines

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Lei San Gabriel

on 6 January 2014

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Transcript of Pre-Colonial Philippines

Pre-Colonial Philippines
The inter-marriage between the Filipino and the foreigner, particularly the white, led to a class known as the:
a. Native class
b. Mestizo class
c. Middle class
True or False
It can be assumed that, before the Spaniards came to the Philippines, there were no "laws" or "orders" in the communities of our ancestors.
True or False
The Filipino is basically Malay, though he belongs to a mixture of races.
True or False
During the early days, the Chinese were interested in dominating the Filipinos politically.
True or False
The Filipinos had a civilization of their own even before the Spaniards came to our shores.
What kind of male clothing was an indication of the rank of the wearer?
a. jacket
b. pants
c. putong
History of the Filipino People
What do you call the upper part of a woman's dress?
a. patadyong
b. saya
c. baro
True or False
Men, women and children walked about barefooted, because sandals and shoes were Spanish innovations.
What kind of clothing symbolized the "manliness" of a man?
a. bahag
b. kanggan
c. putong
True or False
Both men and women wore adornments such as armlets, pendants, bracelets, gold rings and earrings.
True or False
Aside from being an ornament to enhance the beauty of a man or a woman, the tattoo was also used to exhibit a man's war record.
Ancient Filipino houses were made of what?
a. wood, pebbles, and stone
b. bamboo, leaves, and stone
c. wood, bamboo, and nipa palm
The early Philippine society was divided into three social classes:
a. upper, middle, lower
b. nobles, freemen, dependents
c. rich, average, poor
Which of the following is not a way by which a dependent could acquire his low status in the society:
a. by captivity in war
b. by inheritance of the status
c. by failing to pay debts
d. by choice
e. by committing a crime
True or False
The lines drawn between classes was "hard" - meaning any member of the social classes could not go up or down the social ladder.
True or False
There were "gradations" among the dependents, such that there was a
dependent, a
dependent, and a
Before the Spaniards arrived, customary laws did not give the women the right to be the equal of men. They were not allowed to own and inherit property, engage in trade and industry, and succeed to the chieftainship of a barangay in case there was no male heir.
True or False
True or False
In the early Philippine society, men walked in front of women, when they were accompanying them.
True or False
The custom, in which a man belonging to one class married a woman of the same class, was rigid and was strictly followed.
A man's legitimate wife was called:
a. kabiyak
b. asawa
c. may-bahay
True or False
Only the children of the legal wife were considered legitimate and legal heirs, while the children of the other women or "friends" were barred from inheriting any property from the illegitimate father.
Which of the following is not a form of "bribe" paid by a man to the family of the woman he intended to marry:
a. bigay-kaya
b. bigay-suso
c. kalumbiga
d. panghimuyat
True or False
The same marriage ceremony was followed regardless of social status of the contracting parties.
If a married couple were from different classes - a dependent and a freeman - and only had one child, what will the social status of the child be?
If a married couple had six children, what will be the social status of the youngest child if the father was a freeman and the mother was a dependent?
You have two minutes to think about and to solve this brain teaser...
How can you take 9 toothpicks and make ten without breaking the toothpicks?
True or False
Among the ancient Filipinos, the legitimate children automatically inherited the property of their parents, even without a written will.
True or False
Things given in advance to any son or daughter, unless expressly stated by the parents to be included in the property to be inherited, were interpreted to be outside of the inheritance of the recipient.
What do you call the illegitimate children who were borne by a free unmarried woman and were begotten after the father's first marriage?
a. natural children
b. illicit children
c. biological children
It is the unit of government in ancient Philippine society, and consisted of 30 to 100 families.
a. pueblo
b. kabisera
c. barangay
True or False
A national or central government existed during the ancient Philippine society.
The tributes or the buwis were paid to the chieftain in the form of:
a. money
b. jewelry
c. crops
True or False
The chieftain exercised a wide range of authority as he was the executive, the legislator, the judge, and the supreme commander in the time of war.
In inter-baranganic relations, what do you call the treaty of friendship and alliance between contracting parties?
a. panalanguni
b. sangduguan
c. code of friendship
After the blood compact, the contracting parties would become:
a. blood-brothers
b. friends
c. allies
What do you call the laws that were handed down orally from generation to generation? This constituted the bulk of the laws of the barangay.
a. Codes
b. Customary laws
c. Traditions
True or False
Written laws were promulgated by the commoners or the ordinary citizens of the barangay.
True or False
A recidivist or habitual criminal received the same punishment as those who committed a first offense.
Major crimes such as rape, incest, murder, witchcraft, insult, and trespassing were punished by:
a. caning
b. cutting the fingers
c. death or heavy fine
What do you call the public announcer who was ordered to go around the barangay to announce the promulgation of new rules and regulations?
a. kawasateg
b. umalohokan
c. hadji
True or False
In the ancient Philippine society, trials were conducted efficiently and without any delay.
True or False
During the judicial process, the disputant with more witnesses to his side was adjudged the winner of the case.
How was a suspect decided to be guilty in a trial by ordeal wherein the suspects were ordered to take out a stone from a vessel with boiling water?
a. the one who was last to take out a stone from the vessel was considered guilty
b. the one who appeared scared the most was considered guilty
c. the one whose hands were scalded the most was considered guilty
How was a suspect decided to be guilty in a trial by ordeal wherein suspects were given lighted candles?
a. the one whose candle died out first was considered guilty
b. the one whose candle had the longest flame was considered guilty
c. the one whose candle died out last was considered guilty
True or False
Ancient Filipinos did not believe in the immortality of the soul and in life after death.
Ancient Filipinos believed in a ranking deity whom they believed to be the creator of the earth and man. What was this deity called?
a. Mandarangan
b. Sidapa
c. Bathala
True or False
Ancient Filipinos venerated almost any object that was close to their daily life - such as the sun, moon, and trees - thus, indicating the importance of the relationship between man and the object of Nature.
What did the ancient Filipinos call the idols they adored, which today correspond to saints?
a. anito
b. likha
c. tigmamanukin
True or False
Ancient Filipinos believed that a well-provisioned dead person would be received with eagerness and cheerfulness in the other world, while a poorly provided dead person would be received with indifference and hostility.
Choose only one member of the group to perform the task.
You will be given four minutes to accomplish this task.

Bring me the "oldest" seminarian you can find who has taken this class.
Note: He should not be in class and should be willing to go with you. :)
You have two minutes to think about and to solve this brain teaser...
You may enter, but you may not come in,
I have space, but no room,
I have keys, but open no lock.

What am I?
You can bet as many of your accumulated points as you want.

If you get the correct answer, the number of points that you bet will be added to your score.

However, if you are wrong, the points you bet will be deducted from your score. :)
In the movie My Sassy Girl...

What did the girl ask from the guy to commemorate their 100th-day anniversary? :)
True or False
When a dead man was the victim of foul play or had died in battle, the mourning of the relatives ceased after the funeral.
What did they call the ninth night after the death of a person?
a. tibawan
b. balata
c. pasiyam
Ancient Filipinos interpreted signs in Nature as good or bad omens. The howling of the dog in the middle of the night signified what?
a. tragedy or death
b. good fortune
c. war
When a certain species of bird called salaksak crossed the path of warriors on their way to battle, it meant:
a. deadlock
b. victory
c. misfortune
True or False
Ancient Filipinos believed in the existence of the asuwang, mangkukulam, tiyanak, and tikbalang.
True or False
Filipino Catholicism can be considered unique because the Filipinos' practice of Catholicism was a mixture of Christian and pagan beliefs.
What was the main source of livelihood during the time of the ancient Filipinos?
a. mining
b. fishing
c. agriculture
What did ancient Filipinos call the system in which land was cleared by burning the shrubs and bushes?
a. tibaw
b. kaingin
c. laraw
True or False
The sport known as cockfighting was of Spanish origin.
True or False
A system of landholding was in place in the early Philippine society. The rich and cultivated lands were considered public property and could be tilled freely by anybody. The less arable lands and those along the mountain slopes, however, were considered private preserve of the nobles and datus.
You have two minutes to think about and to solve this brain teaser...
When was it that Christmas and New Year were celebrated in the same year?
You have two minutes to think about and to solve this brain teaser...
A thief enters a shop and threatens the clerk, forcing him to open the safe. The clerk says, "The code for the safe is different every day, and if you hurt me you'll never get the code". But the thief manages to guess the code on his own.

What is the code?
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