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LeadersHip and Corruption
Transcript of LeadersHip and Corruption
Mustafa Neemuchwala Quote 1 Quote 2 Quote 4 Quote 5 Orwell, George. Animal Farm. London: Secker and Warburg, 1945. Print.
Watson, Laurie J., LMFT, and LPC. "How Power Corrupts Leaders." Psychology Today. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Dec. 2012. <http://www.psychologytoday.com/how-power-corrupts-leaders>.
acuad12. "Animal Farm Leaders." acuad12 on HubPages. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Dec. 2012. <http://acuad12.hubpages.com/hub/Animal-Farm-Leaders>. "The pigs did not actually work, but directed and supervised the others. With their superior knowledge it was natural that they should assume the leadership" (Orwell 9). "Mr. Jones, of the Manor Farm, had locked the
hen-houses for the night, but was too drunk to remember to shut the pop-holes. With the ring of light from his lantern dancing from side to side, he lurched across the yard, kicked off his boots at the back door, drew himself a last glass of beer from the barrel in the scullery, and made his way up to bed, where Mrs. Jones was already snoring" (Orwell 1). "I do not understand it. I would not have believed that such things could happen on our farm. It must be due to some fault in ourselves. The solution, as I see it, is to work harder. From now onwards I shall get up a full hour earlier in the mornings" (Orwell 25). "Throughout the spring and summer they worked a sixty-hour week, and in August Napoleon announced that there would be work on Sunday afternoons as well. This work was strictly voluntary, but any animal who absented himself from it would have his rations reduced by half" (Orwell 18). Works Cited Leadership and Corruption The quote talks about how intelligence overrode qualities such as hard work and determination and gave way to corruption. Since the pigs "directed and supervised the others" it is obvious that pigs feel that they are superior than the "others" and led them to enact qualities of leadership. "At last the day came when Snowball's plans were completed. At the Meeting on the following Sunday the question of whether or not to begin work on the windmill was to be put to the vote. When the animals had assembled in the big barn, Snowball stood up and, though occasionally interrupted by bleating from the sheep, set forth his reasons for advocating the building of the windmill. Then Napoleon stood up to reply. He said very quietly that the windmill was nonsense and that he advised nobody to vote for it, and promptly sat down again; he had spoken for barely thirty seconds, and seemed almost indifferent as to the effect he produced. At this Snowball sprang to his feet, and shouting down the sheep, who had begun bleating again, broke into a passionate appeal in favour of the windmill. Until now the animals had been about equally divided in their sympathies, but in a moment Snowball's eloquence had carried them away. In glowing sentences he painted a picture of Animal Farm as it might be when sordid labour was lifted from the animals' backs. His imagination had now run far beyond chaff-cutters and turnip-slicers. Electricity, he said, could operate threshing machines, ploughs, harrows, rollers, and reapers and binders, besides supplying every stall with its own electric light, hot and cold water, and an electric heater. By the time he had finished speaking, there was no doubt as to which way the vote would go. But just at this moment Napoleon stood up and, casting a peculiar sidelong look at Snowball, uttered a high-pitched whimper of a kind no one had ever heard him utter before" (Orwell 16). This is said by Boxer. Boxer is a simple-minded horse who can't understand how he is being manipulated by the pigs thus becoming a tool of Napoleon’s regime. This describes how Napoleon took advantage of the gullibility of not only Boxer, but all the animals and Napoleon
corrupts because of their intellectual caliber. Since it is "voluntary", it should mean that work could be done according to one's own will. On the other hand, Napoleon lays a condition on those animals who wished to isolate themselves from the work. It describes how Napoleon is pilfering bit by bit their justice and freedom and how he takes his leadership and corrupts his fellow pigs. This also shows how language is misused to create an illusion of freedom. The character of Mr. Jones demonstrates that having power in no way means one is responsible or worthy of that power. This later connects to Napolean who, like Mr. Jones, drinks and acts similarly when he has Boxer killed for a case of vodka as he is not worthy of his power. QUESTIONS REGARDING LEADERSHIP AND CORRUPTION 1) Are the pigs self-serving/selfish from the start, or are they corrupted by their power?
2) What qualities allow the pigs to gain power in the first place, and what qualities enable them to keep their power? Are they similar?
3) Do you believe Snowball would have been corrupt? To Napoleon's level? 4) Can corruption, in any way, have benefits and produce positive results?
5) Do you believe that Stalin and Napoleon were moral nihilists? Why or why not? In what way did this affect them and the subjects they led?
6) Is our leadership today in the U.S. of A. corrupt? How? Corruption: The action of making someone or something morally depraved or the state of being so.
Psychologically speaking, leadership is at its core all about power and influence. Leaders can become "intoxicated" by power - engaging in wrong behavior simply because they can and they can get away with it (and followers are willing to collude and make such exceptions "It's ok because he/she is the leader").
The more people possess power, the more they focus on their own egocentric desires and the less able they are to see others' perspectives.
In Animal Farm, when the pigs take over, they claim that their goal is to live on a farm of equal animals, all working together to support one another. Yet power quickly proves to be too much for a pig. Small privileges quickly bloom into full-scale corruption, and the pigs begin more and more to resemble those whom they claim to replace. Quote 3 The speeches of Napoleon and Snowball allow us to directly see a conflict, not just between the pigs, but between two different kinds of power: persuasion and brute force. These two methods of attaining and maintaining power show the character of these leaders and using this, even if one doesn't make the connection to the USSR, it can be foreshadowed that Napoleon will be completely brutal, with devastating consequences. Quote 8 "In April, Animal Farm was proclaimed a Republic, and it became necessary to elect a President. There was only one candidate, Napoleon, who was elected unanimously" (Orwell 35). Much of the pigs’ power derives from their being able to fake democracy – to give the animals the illusion that they are voting, that they have power themselves. This fake illusion of freedom keeps the pigs in control, as everyone believes that the government is still working for him/her. Quote 6 "It was about this time that the pigs suddenly moved into the farmhouse and took up their residence there...It was absolutely necessary, he said, that the pigs, who were the brains of the farm, should have a quiet place to work in. It was also more suited to the dignity of the Leader (for of late he had taken to speaking of Napoleon under the title of "Leader") to live in a house than in a mere sty. Nevertheless, some of the animals were disturbed when they heard that the pigs not only took their meals in the kitchen and used the drawing-room as a recreation room, but also slept in the beds" (Orwell 20). While the pigs at first use their power for simple benefits such as food, their desires become more grandiose, as they seek also prestige and frivolous amenities. Quote 7 "Nevertheless, towards the end of January it became obvious that it would be necessary to procure some more grain from somewhere. In these days Napoleon rarely appeared in public, but spent all his time in the farmhouse, which was guarded at each door by fierce-looking dogs. When he did emerge, it was in a ceremonial manner, with an escort of six dogs who closely surrounded him and growled if anyone came too near. Frequently he did not even appear on Sunday mornings, but issued his orders through one of the other pigs, usually Squealer" (Orwell 22). Napoleon later derives power from his own prestige – by separating himself from the rest of the animals, he heightens his importance. Quote 9 "But the luxuries of which Snowball had once taught the animals to dream, the stalls with electric light and hot and cold water, and the three-day week, were no longer talked about. Napoleon had denounced such ideas as contrary to the spirit of Animalism. The truest happiness, he said, lay in working hard and living frugally" (Orwell 38). Napoleon uses the concept of Animalism to disguise his manipulations, but notice that he simultaneously denies all the initial dreams that went along with the concept of Animalism. Quote 10 "Twelve voices were shouting in anger, and they were all alike. No question, now, what had happened to the faces of the pigs. The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which" (Orwell 42). While the pigs change in many ways, it is not moving into the house, or wearing clothes, or walking on two legs that makes them like the humans – it is the abuse of their power. Universal and Real World Questions