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The Loyalists arrival to Canada
Transcript of The Loyalists arrival to Canada
Did all Loyalists face the same challenges?
Yes, the majority of all loyalists did suffer from the same challenges but didn't all have a solution. The main white loyalist group suffered with many things but had the British army to support them and get them land grants.But not all loyalists had that special treatment. Black loyalists for an example didn't have the British to support them with the basic needs of life support like food, land, and shelter. Around 3000 Black Loyalists were apart of the several groups that arrived in Nova Scotia. Most of them had been slaves in the 13 colonies. Many of them earned their freedom by fighting on the British side during the American Revolution. 1500 Black Loyalists settled in a town called Birchtown. Another 1500 came to live around Halifax. Birchtown was a miserable place to live in. A lot of other Loyalists did not take the black loyalists in as a equal members. The black loyalists did not want to risk going back to the United States or else they would become slaves again. In 1792, the British government offered to transport the black loyalists to Africa where they would build new towns for themselves. A free passage to Africa came up and 1200 black loyalists from Nova Scotia took it.While in Nova Scotia slavery was still a huge issue, it wasn't until 20 years later that slavery did not exist in the british empire in 1834. All black loyalists were then being treated with the equality.
During and after the war, many Loyalists fled to Canada to escape the horrid battle against the Patriots. There arrival in Canada was almost as bad. They experienced many struggles, like developing a home on a farm. They had trouble getting land grants, clearing it, planting crops, and building their homes. They also didn't have any tools such as weapons and building materials. Luckily the British army took care of it all. The British supported the Loyalists by providing them with useful tools, food, and helped plant crops. Most loyalists sailed to Nova Scotia because it was the closest and most nicest British colony. It attracted many loyalists. For the first few months, they lived in a colony of tents and cabins.
Patriots- The American loyalists
Patriots were colonists of the thirteen colonies who rebelled against the British control during the American Revolution. In 1776, They declared The United States of America an independent nation. The Patriots represented themselves as wide groups of social, economic, ethnic, and racial backgrounds. Many Patriots became apart of groups before 1775 such as "The sons of Liberty". The most worthy leaders of the Patriots people are referenced as The Founding Fathers of The United States of America. Patriots came from many different backgrounds. They were also highly educated, wealthy individuals. The Patriots also tried to avoid mob violence and harmfulness to their country as much as possible. They made a orderly effort to use and control mob violence.
Some of the challenges the loyalists had to face on their arrival in Canada was getting land grants, clearing it, planting crops, and building their homes. They didn't have very many tools such as weapons and building materials. This all happened because they went to war with the Patriots when they were still settled in England. They fought for power and independence. After the war began, persecutions became even more harsh. Many Loyalists were robbed of their money, land, furniture, and were taken from their homes. Some loyalists were attacked terribly by armed mobs. Other loyalists were whipped, beaten, threatened, or even blackmailed. Both the Patriots and the Loyalists were acting very cruelly towards each other. Whenever the Loyalists got the chance to attack the Patriots and destroy them, they would. The patriots were captured and taken to the British prison ships. Many of them died there. While the American Revolution was still going on, the majority of the Loyalists fled to Canada. They brought anything they can carry with them and headed North to live safely in another British colony. Those who were able to afford it sailed back to Britain.
What is a Loyalist?
Loyalists/United Empire Loyalists were colonists that were against the revolution and who were loyal to King George III of England. They believed that there were more better advantages, such as trade and defense, in belonging to England. Loyalists were a mixed collection of people. They came from the 13 colonies. Some loyalists were rich landowners and others were poor and uneducated. Not all loyalists were from the British origin. They were also from Germany, Dutch, Mennonites, Scandinavians, Blacks, and Aboriginals.
What is a Patriot?
They were Americans that called themselves Patriots. They did not think loyalists or Tories were at all loyal to their leader. The patriots thought they were traders to the British North American colonies. The patriots and The loyalists went to war to fight against each other for independence and power.
What were some of the challenges facing Loyalists on their arrival in Canada?
A presentation by: Sarah Habib