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Transcript of China Studies
What do you think weather is like here??
What impacts climate?
What do we know about China's geography
Where do most people in China live?
5 Themes of Geography
China has over 1 billion people...and mountains or deserts make up 1/3 of its land.
Absolute = The absolute location of Beijing is 39.55º North latitude,
116.25º East longitude.
Relative = near Russia, Korea, India...west of Japan, northwest of the Philippines
China is one of the world's oldest civilizations and developed in isolation for most of its history due to physical barriers, distance from other civilizations, and a big wall!
China has beautiful pagodas - a tiered temple used for Taoism or Buddhism
China is technologically advanced
Rural China has largely stayed the same
Of the world's earliest civilizations...only China has survived as a continuous civilization.
Well-developed writing system
First Chinese calendar
Written laws (Mandate of Heaven)
Iron tools and plows in use
First great Chinese empire
Much of the Great Wall was built during this time
Government based on Confucianism
Buddhism was introduced
A time of economic prosperity
Scientific innovation advanced - papermaking, math, astronomy...
High point of Chinese history -Silk Road improved economy
sculpture and pottery flourish.
Porcelain, the novel, and drama flourish
Block printing and paper money are developed.
Gunpowder is first used.
The Ballad of Mulan
Ghengis Khan and Kublai Khan
The last Chinese dynasty
Increased trade with Europe
One Child Policy
Relationship with the U.S.
The People's Republic of China
The Great Wall
Known to the Chinese as the 'Long Wall of Ten Thousand Li
built from the 3rd century BC to the 17th century AD
The Great Wall reflects collision and exchanges between agricultural civilizations and nomadic civilizations in ancient China.
5,650 km were built during the Ming Dynasty after they kicked the Mongols out of China!
in modern U.S. money, the Great Wall cost $360 billion dollars and over 1 million people gave their lives to build it.
Ruled the Mongol empire and conquered much of Asia from 1167-1226 A.D.
His grandson, however, will go on to spread the empire even further.
sought to govern through civilian government isntead of military...he believed in taxing people rather than killing.
Buddhisma nd Taoism thrived.
Naval battles against Japan and Java were disasters.
accomodated Chinese culture...this allowed China to remain the oldest, continuous civilization.
Marco Polo was a welcome guest in Kublai Kahn's China.
The Mongols eventually were pushed out of China because they couldn't adjust to Chinese lifestyles.
From 1945-1976 China experienced a huge population boom going from 540 million people to 940 million.
1979 policy created the control the population growth.
Orphanages were overflowing with young girls because Chinese families wanted a boy to continue their family name.
Today the one child policy isn't strongly enforced, but it is economically a smart choice for most families.
In 1949, Mao Zedong took over and China became the People's Republic of China.
Mao wanted the population of China to grow and promoted having large families.
Great Leap Forward = Attempt to change China from an agricultural economy to industrial economy by collectivization...it was a massive failure! 18-30 million people starve to death...Mao gets sidelined.
Mao comes back in 1966 for the Cultural Revolution - bring back his ideas and promote equality between everyone! Chaos ensued and school shut down, etc...
China After Mao = Modernization pushed, but Communist gov't controlled nearly everything.
1989 Tienanmen Square protests
World's largest exporter
2nd largest economy in the world
GDP per capita = $9,100
"The week that changed the world"
Nixon was the first U.S. president to visit China because it was a Communist country and at odds with America's democratic ideals.
Today we are both global powers in competition with one another, but overall our economies work together and we negotiate on human rights issues.
The Chinese Dynasties Song
(Tune ---- Frère Jacques / Are You Sleeping / Where is Thumbkin.)
( ------------------- 400 years of Disunity ------------------)
Sui (“sway” without “w”)
Yuan ------ Mongol
Qing (“ching”) --------Manchu
Republic -------- Republic of China
Mao Zedong ---------People’s Republic of China / Communist China