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Copy of Giulianotti's history of football

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Aleksander Szałański

on 15 October 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Giulianotti's history of football

three eras
of history of football

Early modern
Intermediate modern
Late modern
Traditional = pre-modern

Vistiges of pre-industrial era still strongly influential

Authority of aristocracy and traditional middle class

Pervasive Britain's imperial influence
From beginnings of football to the end of World War I
around 1920
Domination of the Britons

Diffusion of football

Appearance of different national playing styles

Players as representatives of local communities

Beginings of professionalism in UK
From 1990 Today
World Cup in Italy
C. Late modern era
From 1945 to 1960
From 1960 to 1990
Commodification (transformation into goods) of the football regime

Rising influence of money and television

New kind of fan - armchair TV fan

Global superstars

Clubs as commercial enterprises
Commodification directed by interests of television

Rise of inequality

New post-modern fan - distant from local communities

Emergence of global audience

New era of player market - Bosman rule (1995)

New made-for-TV tournaments and tours

New role of players
1. Traditional 2. Modern 3. Post-modern
1. Traditional era
2. Modern era
3. Post-modern era
Trade connections rather than imperial links

colonial schools
occupying troops
Matches between british troops and local rivals
Comonly in Calcuta
The game mwana-foot (children's football) - most popular pastime during 1920s

Attempts to establish administrative control of football during 1930s - but - resistance from locals - rising proto-nationalism od Africans

Favoured sport - it was regarded as "culture neutral" - lacking of Westernized values and practices
Britihs workers, school teachrs, pupils

The firs european club - Switzerland
Denmark - 1879
Sweden, Norway - early 1880s.

The first (non-British) FA - Holland 1889

Russia, Germany - British Schools

Spain - maritime and colliery workers in Basque Country 1890s.

Italy - British sailors and traiders - Genoa, Milan, Turin, Naples

France - English and Scottish exiles in Paris

Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia - english expatriates in 1890s
Trade connections

Establishement of many clubs by Britons
(FC Albion in Uruguay)

and Tourtnaments - Lipton Cup 1902
England first overseas loss - 4-3 with Spain in 1929

Early 1930s - Scotland loss with Austira 5-0, and 2-0 with Italy

Scotland - the first British national side to lose at home - 0-1 to Austira
The FIFA-British relations

FIFA agreed to British demands that the Home Nations be admitted as separate members with autonomous voting rights
joined - 1905-1911

Resignation - 1920
Readmission - 1924
Readmission canceled - 1928

Home Nations did not enter World Cup finals - 1930, 1934, 1938
England - Hungary: 6-3 at Wembley and 7-1 in Budapest (1953/4)
Rapid urbanization

Demographic and political rise of working class

Increasing influence of international events on everyday social life

Unitary senses of national identities

The rise od mass media, improvements of transport infrastructure

Leisure - differentiation of high and low/popular culture

Rise of new white-collar forms of employment

Splintering of working class

Social and cultural identities - fluid and neo-tribal
Singular national identity vs. immigration and ethnic diversity

Cultural hybridity - globalization of people, technology and culture

Collapse of division between high and low culture

Economic dependency upon international markets
B. Intermediate modern era

Development of continental institutions and championships

End of British isolation

Appearance of new forces - Hungary of 1950s, Brazil of 1960s

Players as global heroes - but their celebrity still limited to their on-the-field exploits
Continental Football Associations

CONMEBOL - Confédéración Sudaméricana de Fútbol - 1916
UEFA - Union of European Football Associations - 1954
AFC - Asian Football Confederation - 1954
CAF - Confédération Africaine de Football - 1957
CONCACAF - Confederation of North, Central America and Caribbean Association Football - 1961
OFC - Oceania Football Confederation - 1966
England-Hungary: 3-6 at Wembley
7-1 in Budapest 1953/4
Progressive emancipation from British domination

Shift of power - form Britain to Europe and new world

FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association) - 1904

Rise of new football nations - Southern European and Latin American

Players become celebrities, but economical status still uncertain
From 1920 to 1945
A. Early modern era
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