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Modal Verbs

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by

Khadrah Abu-Attayeb

on 26 February 2015

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Transcript of Modal Verbs

Modal Verbs
Modal Verbs
Rule - 1 - :
Modal verbs + infinitive


Modal Verbs are :
will
/

won't
would
/wouldn't

shall
/ shan't
should
/ shouldn't
may
/ mayn't
might
/ mightn't
can
/ can't
could
/ couldn't
ought to
/oughtn't
ought to
/ oughtn't to


must
/ mustn't


has to
/doesn't have to
had to
/ didn't have to

have to
/ don't have to

need to
/ needn't to
needed to
/ didn't need to

/ don't need to

/ doesn't need to


May / Might
Should / ought to
Talk about possibility & ability
She
can

drive
a car .
( ability at present )
Ali was an excellent tennis player . He
could

beat
any body .
(ability in the past)
Permission
A:
Can
I
use
a mobile phone at school?
B: You
can't use
it here, but you
can use
it at home .

Basketball player
can hold
the ball .
Request
Can
you
make
a cup of coffee, please?

Could
you
put
the TV
on?
Can / could
What can you do ?
Say what is allowed and
not allowed to do?
I
may finish
my homework
I
thought
that the weather
might change
.

Note :
use only might when the situation is not real .
If I knew them better , I
might invite
them to dinner .
Permission
May
I
have
these postcards , please ?

A:
May
I
come
in ?
B: yes , please do .
Possibility
With some words (
perhaps
,
not sure
,
thought
,
possible
)
Perhaps she knows the answer . ask her she
might know
.

A: Where is Muna ?
B: She
might be
in here office.
To express advice
You
should eat
a well-balanced meal.
You
should stop
smoking.
Duty
You
should obey
your parents .
Students
oughtn't to

waste
time .
after some verbs
suggest
,
propose
,
demand
,

recommend
,
insist
.

I
demanded
she
should apologize
.
They
insisted
that we
should have
dinner with them .

strange
,
odd
,
funny
,
typical
,
natural
,
interesting
,
suprising
,
surprised
,
important
,
essential
,
vital
,
necessary
.

It's
strange
that he
should be
late , He's usually on time .
It's
essential
that you
should come
on time .
After a number of adjectives
You can use must to give your own opinion ( for example , to say what you think is necessary , or to recommend someone to do something . )
Note :
(have to is also possible .)
I haven't spoken to Sara for along time .
I
must/ need to phone
her.
( I say this is necessary)
Ahmad is a really nice person . You
must meet
him .
( I recommend this )
Must / need to
use a suitable modal verb to describe weather
simple future tense
Note :
the auxiliary shall should be used in the first person, singular and plural (I/we)

He
will visit
us tomorrow.
I
shall be
tired this evening .
Key words

think
,
believe
,
wonder
,
promise
,
expect
.

I
won't tell
anyone what happened , I promise .
I wonder where
will
they
go
.
Decision
I can’t see any taxis so
I’ll walk

We
shall be
there before noon.
For offering and inviting
would
you
like
a cup of coffee ?
shall / Will / would
Have to
We use have to ( not must) to say what someone is obliged to do. The speaker is not giving his/ her own opinion

I
have to work
from 8.30 to 5.30 every day.
( a fact, not an opinion )

Ahmad
has to travel
a lot for his work .
mustn't / don't have to
You mustn't do something = it is necessary that you don't do it ( so don't do it)
( prohibition)
You must keep it a secret . You
mustn't tell
anyone.
( = don't tell anyone)

You don't have to do something = you don't need to do it ( but you can if you want )
( no need )
I
don't have to

be
at the meeting , but I think I'll go anyway.
Must / need to / have to
To express necessity
Prepared by:
Teacher Khadrah Abu-Attayeb
Tubas Secondary Girls' School
Full transcript