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Alpine Tundra

By: Ashley Bonn

Ashley Bonn

on 12 October 2012

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Transcript of Alpine Tundra

photo (cc) Malte Sörensen @ flickr Alpine Tundra The Biotic factors in the Alpine Tundra Plants and Animals The Abiotic Factors of the Alpine Tundra Abiotic factors Trophic Level Pyramid Food Web Alpaca and Lama Alpaca Lama Alpine Phacelia and Wild Potato Alpine Phacelia Wild Potato Polylepis Forest and Snow Leopard Snow Leopard Tertiary consumers Secondary Consumer Primary Consumers Producers Endangered animals/plants Relationship with Biome Impact of human activity Predictions of the future Mountain Lion Coyote Bob cat Badgers Pine Marten Chipmunks Deer Mice Pikas Bighorn Sheep Decomposers Mountain Goat Yak Chinchilla Vicuña Andean Condor Snow Leopard Mountains Andes Mts Rocky Mts The average annual rain fall in the Alpine Tundra is about 11.7in. As the rising air cools it loses the ability to retain moisture and clouds form, with the result of more precipitation. On the other side, the descending air warms and removes moisture from the ground. Rain Fall Temperature The altitude of the Alpine tundra is 10,000 feet, right below the snow line of the mountains. At this altitude trees begin to stop grow, which is also called the tree line, so there for, many animal do not live in the alpine tundra. Altitude Himalayan Mts. Alpaca live in the Andes Mts in South America. The alpaca is a herbivore and grazes on grass and eats weeds, shrubs and trees. It has special stomach secretions that help it absorb 50% more nutrients than a sheep, allowing it to survive where there is only poor quality grass. The alpaca is prey to pumas, leopards, and other carnivores in the wild The alpaca were almost extinct following the invasion of the Spanish conquistadors in regions of South America. They are now plentiful in the wild at about 3.5 million strong. These animals have been domesticated for over 5,000 year. They live in grassy open spaces at very high altitudes of 7,400 - 12,800 feet, where the air is so thin there is only 40% oxygen. The Alpine plains are dry and cold and the soil is not very good. The grass is difficult for most animals to digest, but the llamas are able to adapt to these harsh conditions. Snow leopards live in the Himalayan Region on Asia. Its thick fur helps it to survive in harsh weather. The snow leopard is very limited to food so its population isn't very high. The snow leopard is endangered. There are only 4,000 to 7,000 left in the world. Hunting and the decline of its prey threaten the snow leopard's existence. There are 47 parks all over the world, which serve to protect them. Bear Grass Bear grass is found in the lowest elevation of the Alpine Tundra in western United States. It is a fire resistant species that is the first plant to grow back after a fire. The Alpine Phacelia grows on rocky, open or wooded places in the mountains. In the United States they can be found growing at an elevation of 9 -10,000 feet Is found in the alpine biome of the Andes Mountains.You can find the potato where the the temperature ranges from 60 to 70 °F during the day, and frost at night. The potato is used for food, and is a popular plant because it can be grown in many countries, therefore large populations can depend on it for food. Bear Grass The wild potato is an endangered species in the Alpine Tundra. Scientist and trying to register many of the original strain of wild potatoes that remain before they are cross-cultivated with other varieties and disappear. Alpine Phacelia Bristlecone Pine Moss Campion Polylepis Forest Pygmy Bitterroot Wild Potato Elk The Himalayan mountains is ever growing more polluted, due to the growing popularity of climbing the mountains. When people go up, all their supplies are left on the mountain because it takes too much energy to bring it down again. If someone dies, their body is left on the mountain. Because the Himalayan mountain range is at a high altitude the air is very thin. The air is also very dry and has a very low precipitation level. The winters are long and very cold and the summers are short and cool. It is so cold because of its high altitude. Many of the plants which grow in the Andes Mountains are small in size to conserve energy. Their leaves can be stiff and strong to protect them from frost and cold weather if they are high in the mountains. The Rocky Mountains have unpredictable weather which can change rapidly. The Rockies have mild summers, cold winters and a lot of precipitation.There is lots of vegetation. The forests are full of pine trees, firs and spruces.Plants are very sturdy, most clinging to rock or hard soil. The alpine temperatures vary depending on the altitude. Ascending up the mountain the temperature drops by about 10 C for every 1000 meters. In the summer the temp. ranges from 10 to 15 C. The winter temps. are below freezing and can last from Oct. to May. The temperatures in the Alpine Tundra can also change from warm to freezing in one day. A 1992 study by the University of California’s Department of Wildlife confirmed what Native Americans picked up on centuries ago; coyotes and badgers hunt together. In fact, coyotes lead pretty solitary lives and are more likely to seek food alongside badgers than a pack of coyotes. When coyotes and badgers partner up, they pursue burrowing animals such as prairie dogs and ground squirrels. If the prey is above the ground, the coyote chases it down, and if it goes underground, the badger takes over. The success rate of their partnership is much higher than individual hunts. Coyotes catch 1/3 more ground squirrels with badgers than without. The most important keystone species would be all of the plant the are in the Alpine Tundra. Their is not much life in the Alpine Tundra so most species are surviving off of plant. There isn't enough animals for the energy to travel to a tertiary consumer. Key Stone Species It is believed that the Alpine Tundra will experience a problem with global warming. Most the animals that live in Alpine Tundra can only survive in the Alpine Tundra. The temperature is predicted to increase and the population of the few plants and animal that live their will decrease.
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