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Human Impact: A Collaborative Project P.5

6 of 6 of my Ecology Unit. Image Credits: Biology (Campbell) 9th edition, copyright Pearson 2011, & The InternetProvided under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. By David Knuffke

Jessica Gregerson

on 18 April 2013

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Transcript of Human Impact: A Collaborative Project P.5

Human Impact: How It Works A Survey You are assigned one aspect of human impact to investigate and report on.

You will report on your investigations in the frame that has your aspect as a title. What you can do:
Include all of the information/items required (really, you have to do that).
Change colors, font orientations, select from the three font options in the text window.
Insert any shapes, lines, arrows, etc., as necessary.
Move and resize any elements in your frame. You must include:
A description of what the impact is, and its cause.
A description of multiple effects that come from the impact.
A description of at least two things that could be done to minimize the impact on the environment.
Pictures (you can use the ones that I have provided or not, but you must also include your own pictures--with hyperlink reference citations).
A link to a youtube clip about some aspect of the impact.
References to at least three sources where people can learn more about the impact (wikipedia is not acceptable--several of these are controversial topics--watch out for biased information). Deforestation Description/Cause Effects Things That Can Be Done References What you can't do:
Resize your frame.
Change your frame type.
Alter the font colors, choices, etc., on a GLOBAL basis (stay out of the Colors & Fonts menu).
Provide/link to any low quality or inappropriate resource. Climate Change References Things That Can Be Done Description/Cause Effects Biological Magnification References Things That Can Be Done Description/Cause Effects Overexploitation of
Resources References Things That Can Be Done Description/Cause Effects Habitat Destruction
Habitat Fragmentation Description/Cause Effects Things That Can Be Done References Ozone Depletion References Things That Can Be Done Description/Cause Effects Invasive Species References Things That Can Be Done Description/Cause Effects Poaching References Things That Can Be Done Description/Cause Environmental Effects Overpopulation Description/Cause Effects Things That Can Be Done References Acid Precipitation References Things That Can Be Done Description/Cause Effects Pollinator Decline Description/Cause Effects Things That Can Be Done References Eutrophication Description/Cause Effects Things That Can Be Done References Nuclear Issues Description/Cause Effects Things That Can Be Done References Oil Drilling in ND Description/Cause Effects Things That Can Be Done References Urban Heat Islands Description/Cause Effects Things That Can Be Done References Air Quality Description/Cause Effects Things That Can Be Done References Genetic Engineering Description/Cause Effects Things That Can Be Done References Reservoirs Description/Cause Effects Things That Can Be Done References Consumerism Description/Cause Effects Things That Can Be Done References Electronic Waste Description/Cause Effects Things That Can Be Done References Overfishing Description/Cause Effects Things That Can Be Done References Light Pollution Description/Cause Effects Things That Can Be Done References Genetic Diversity Description/Cause Effects Things That Can Be Done References Great Pacific Garbage Patch Description/Cause Effects Things That Can Be Done References Noise Pollution Description/Cause Effects Things That Can Be Done References This is when the number of creatures goes over the carrying capacity. In 2011 the world reached 7 billion people. This increased by 3 billion people alone from 1975. One of the main causes would be better medical care, because this leads to better birth rates and lives can be much longer. So through that there is also less infant mortality and less death in general. When you hear loud noises
but feel like you cannot do
anything about it. The cause
of it can be anything from car
horns, airports, concerts, or even
factories. Due to this overpopulation about one person in every seven people end up going hungry. A billion people do not have a good enough water supply for everyday use. The quality of our air has decreased and asthma in children has increased. The fossil fuels we use so much of also has a limit, while there is alot of it, we could be reaching the top of the mountain for production of these fossil fuels. We are also using a lot of the oceans and forrests in the world, which destroys animal habitats and leads to extinction. To reduce these effects we can use the rule of only having one child per couple. This is what China has done and goes hand in hand with communism, which is unconstitutional. We can also make a bigger supply of clean water, save the forrests, and get more foody to the hungry. Light pollution is the orange glow that comes from our lights and halos cities and suburbs. New research shows that it threatens wildlife by disrupting biological rhythms and otherwise interfering with the behavior of nocturnal animals. Now a movement is under way to turn off the lights, or at least turn them down, for the sake of all creatures that frequent the night. Not only does it help protect nocturnal creatures it also saves energy costs! http://www.epa.gov/air/noise.html
http://www.greenprophet.com/2010/08/noise-pollution-red-sea/ Effects are stress,
high blood pressure, speech
interference, hearing loss,
sleep disruption, and lost
productivity. The ozone is the highest layer. It is constructed of oxygen and has been deteriorating for number of years. Is deteriorates by photo dissociation which is the splitting of oxygen atoms which then combine with other elements in the atmosephere. Process in which the amount of a substance increases as you go up the trophic levels. Climate change is the alteration of temperatures that eventually change the landscape and natural climate of our world. Most cases of biological magnification are involved with pesticides and their negative effect on humans You can reduce the effects of
it by simply turning off your TV.
You can also install dual-paned
windows. Change of landscape
•plants move toward colder regions, forcing wildlife to try and move with them
Wildlife at Risk
rapid movement of plants likely to exceed animals' ability to migrate and adjust
Rising Seas
displacement of people, animals, and plants and destroys ecosystems
Stronger Storms
higher ocean temperatures give more energy for hurricanes and tropical storms
Heat-Related Deaths and Disease
increase spread of infectious diseases due to the warmer temperatures Drive smart by only driving when you have to. If you do, go easy on the brakes and gas pedal, reduce time spent idling, use cruise control or two wheel-mode if and when available. This will reduce amount of emissions. Use water wisely. Conserve water by leaving the tap off when shaving or brushing your teeth. Be smart when irrigating your lawn/landscape. Water plants when needed and during the coolest part of the day. This will reduce the energy required to pump and treat water thus reducing greenhouse pollution. http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/
http://climatechange.worldbank.org/ Hydraulic fracturing is used after the drill hole is completed. The drillers consistently pump fluids into the hole. These fluids are mostly made up of sand and water. The fluids are pushed through with his pressure allowing for the oil to come out. This technique is used to allow the oil to move more freely through the rock pores. Noise pollution pretty much
effects everything. Another
organism it effects is the Great
Barrier Reef Fish. The sound from
shipping or drilling for oil causes
problems for their communication
or sense for the world. when burning fossil fuels, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide is released into the air. The process by which a body of water acquires a high concentration of nutrients, esepecially phosphates and nitrates. These typically promote excessive algae growth. As the algae die and decompose, high levels of organic matter and the decomposing organisims deplete the water of available oxygen. Causing the death of other organisms such as fish. Pollinators: Transfer pollen from plant to plant,
flower to flower, fertilizing the blossoms
and allowing them to set fruit. They are
essential to life as we know it. 1/3 of the
food we eat comes from crops that need
animal pollinators. We have seen them
constantly declining. Informal name for electronic products nearing the end of their "useful life." It is caused by any electronic device not being recycled appropriately. the chemicals released react with the oxygen in the air to form acid rain. Deforestation: Permanent destruction of forests and Woodlands Causes:
* Construction of buildings and roads
* Agriculture
* Grazing land
* Wood used for fuel
http://www.buzzle.com/articles/causes-and-effects-of-deforestation.html http://www.google.com/imgres?q=deforestation&start=288&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&biw=1280&bih=906&tbm=isch&tbnid=-TpprUGxDmDeRM:&imgrefurl=http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/habitats/rio-rain-forest/&docid=yP2bjhc7JspjgM&imgurl=http://images.nationalgeographic.com/wpf/media-live/photos/000/063/cache/eucalyptus-logs_6362_600x450.jpg&w=600&h=450&ei=sNtlULyoIcSzyAG0yICAAQ&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=230&sig=110640268959297132324&page=13&tbnh=156&tbnw=195&ndsp=25&ved=1t:429,r:19,s:288,i:66&tx=87&ty=108 * Imbalance of water cycle
* No more biodiversity
* Change in climate
* Flood and drought
* Soil erosion http://www.google.com/imgres?q=drought&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&biw=1280&bih=906&tbm=isch&tbnid=UZIiljrDdTo9_M:&imgrefurl=http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/photos/climate-change/&docid=Pxb2p-IHu2mR3M&imgurl=http://images.nationalgeographic.com/wpf/media-live/photos/000/130/cache/climate-drought-tree_13081_600x450.jpg&w=600&h=450&ei=2dllUNTbL-bRyAH4hYF4&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=800&vpy=598&dur=1352&hovh=194&hovw=259&tx=138&ty=153&sig=110640268959297132324&page=1&tbnh=158&tbnw=193&start=0&ndsp=20&ved=1t:429,r:18,s:0,i:127 * Don't use as much paper
* Recycle
* help plant trees http://www.mnn.com/family/family-activities/blogs/5-ways-to-stop-deforestation http://www.google.com/imgres?q=recycling&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&sa=N&biw=1280&bih=882&tbm=isch&tbnid=dl64J22Y1AZ25M:&imgrefurl=http://reinventinggov.org/2012/02/29/keys-to-a-successful-recycling-program/&docid=KTZkr7f1qWVSCM&imgurl=http://paulwolfideas.files.wordpress.com/2012/02/recycle-tree-thumb8462302.jpg&w=300&h=300&ei=bN1lUI6XMKKDywGUqICIAw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=435&vpy=210&dur=2867&hovh=225&hovw=225&tx=173&ty=160&sig=105162949176569159995&page=2&tbnh=148&tbnw=148&start=23&ndsp=26&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:23,i:154 http://www.buzzle.com/articles/facts-about-deforestation.html http://www.botany.uwc.ac.za/envfacts/facts/deforestation.htm http://www.effects-of-deforestation.com/deforestation-information.php Creates a lower pH in bodies of water, corrodes minerals and kills microorganisms in soil, and can make plants lose their leaves. http://www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/283.html http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/acidrain.html http://geography.about.com/od/globalproblemsandissues/a/acidrain.htm seek different energy sources other than fossil fuels, such as an electric vehicle. Or use scrubbers to trap pollution in energy producing places. Invasive species are organisms that are not native to an area and are human introduced. They take valuable natural resources of the plants and animals that were there before them. http://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/unitedstates/main Invasive species cause harm to the ecosystems they take over and can hurt plants, animals, and even humans. By taking up resources, they cut down on biodiversity, making ecosystems fall. http://www.eoearth.org/article/Poaching


http://sciblogs.co.nz/chthonic-wildlife-ramblings/2009/09/30/solutions-to-poaching-how-about-ways-to-encourage-it/ Poaching is the illegal act of killings animals by failure to follow with regulations. Hunting without a license or permit
Hunting out-of-season
Hunting a certain sex or age
Hunting protected species
Killing of animals for specific qualities (ex. elephant tusks & lion fur) Causes: Species extinction
Loss of Apex Predators (ex. Lion)
Overpopulation/Underpopulation of species
Wildlife trade introduces invasive species
Ecosystem imbalances www.ndinvasives.org/ www.fws.gov/invasives/ zebra mussel emerald ash borer leafy spurge Stopping invasive species is not impossible. If people are aware of the harm that these organims can do, they will try and stop the spread of these species to preserve biodiversity. however, if humans wait too much longer, the invasive species population will be too large to control. Why are invasive species
so difficult to control? google images Solutions to poaching are mainly specific to regions and species. Established hunting and trade regulations stop most poaching, but developing countries prove to be the biggest problem. Cooperative efforts must be held by all countries to enforce regulations and stop the blackmarket trade of animals. Education and awareness must also be provided to influence decisions and prevent having to strictly regulate hunting and trade. http://www.ecotravellerguide.com/2012/07/indian-government-okays-shoot-on-sight-orders-to-prevent-tiger-poaching/ http://www.biologicaldiversity.org/campaigns/overpopulation/index.html
http://cdn5.triplepundit.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/overpopulation.jpg Over-exploitation of resources refers to harvesting a renewable resource to the point of diminishing returns.
Over-exploitation in some cases lead to exhaustion, particularly by excessive forestry, fishing and hunting.
The impact is that some animals are becoming captured sooner than they are reproducing, thus extinction is occurring. The exctinction of some species is an effect of overexploitation and is considered cruel in some cases.
The cycle of extinction, especially of major megafauna begins with the larger animals and cascades down onto smaller species of animals, plants, and other organisms.
We as humans depend on some of these smaller species as well as the larger species. This loss of species and habitats can cause a feedback loop, when the species we rely on no longer exist. This, in turn, affects humans negatively in the long run. http://ecological-problems.blogspot.com/2012/05/overexploitation-of-natural-resources.html
http://www.nwf.org/Wildlife/Wildlife-Conservation/Threats-to-Wildlife/Overexploitation.aspx Nothing will help in the long run unless change is a widespread movement. Raising the resource utilization tax or imposing a windfall-profit tax would force companies to reduce environmental damage caused by their projects, and thus the companies would have to limit their exploitation of species.
People can also reduce the amount of food or organisms obtained merely for the happiness of humans for the time being in order to conserve biodiversity Species diversity decreases and the dominant biota changes.
Plant and animal biomass increases.
Turbidity increases.
Rate of sedimentation increases, shortening lifespan of the lake.
Anoxic conditions may develope. Implement research and moitoring programs.
Make regulations to mitigate nutrient losses. toxics.usgs.gov
wri.org http://www.calrecycle.ca.gov/electronics/whatisewaste/ Mercury and acid in the food we eat from uncontrolled recycling processes. Also the soil, air, and water content of harmful materials is very high where electronic waste is imported and disposed of improperly. http://ewasteproject.blogspot.com/ 1.Donating used electronics for reuse, this extents the lives of electronics and gives schools and nonprofit organizations a chance to obtain equipment they otherwise couldn’t afford.
2.Households and businesses can send used electronics for recycling. Here they can recover more than 100 million pounds of materials which would otherwise have to be manufactured from new resources. http://www.ehso.com/cssrecycling/hhelectronicwaste.htm The effects vary greatly on the pollutant and the ecosystem but generally end up in a decrease in numbers of a species higher up on the food chain. -Decrease population in any environment http://www.marietta.edu/~biol/102/ecosystem.html http://www.tutorvista.com/content/biology/biology-iv/ecosystem/biological-magnification.php http://www.eoearth.org/article/Habitat_fragmentation?topic=58074
http://amphibiaweb.org/images/clearcut.jpg Elimanation of Habitats
Placing Species on the Endangered Species List
Destruction of Forests
Terrestrial fauna and plants Limited
Largest Cause- Biodiversity Destruction Nuclear Issues Description/Cause Nuclear issues are problems we have with nuclear power, radiation, and weapons, all caused by people. There are many ways that our modern world can be effected by these things, especially weapons. Effects Nuclear weapons pose the greatest threat to our environment (and ourselves) due to the fact that the strongest ones can vaporize anything within 40-60 miles. If a nuclear weapon was detonated in a thriving ecosystem, it would not be good. Also considering that the nuclear radiation can linger around for hundreds of years, and can have deadly consequences hundreds of miles away. Not all of this is bad though, because nuclear energy could be a reliable, clean, and sustainable source of energy for us humans! This would be a great thing for the environment, and help eliminate some of the bad effects of pollution. The by-product of nuclear energy is just steam, and it is a very clean source of power. BOOM! Gesunheit Things That Can Be Done There are some easy ways to minimize the effects of nuclear weapons and radiation. Let's say you're out at the mall and some guy steals that great parking spot you spent 10 minutes trying to find. Don't take out that nuclear bomb you keep in your trunk and get all angry. Just put back the detonator and look for a new spot. To minimize the bad effects on the environment we should AVOID USE OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS. Sounds pretty easy right? But balance of power is important for maintaining peace in the world (not to mention a good deterrent to keep crazy dictators in line), so nuclear arsenals are necessary. Also, although it is somewhat risky, using nuclear power would be a great way to positively effect the environment. It's green (literally, because uranium is green! Haha!), mostly safe, and it doesn't take a lot of power plants to run a city! This means we could minimize our carbon footprint and help preserve the environment. References Nuclear Power does have it's flaws... Habitat Fragmentation is when habitats are seperated be human or natural means. This fragmentation destroys habitats because it seperates key parts of it that depend on other parts. Natural means include volcanic or glacial means, and human means include the growth of cities and the lessening of forests. http://csis.org/program/project-nuclear-issues http://timeforchange.org/pros-and-cons-of-nuclear-power-and-sustainability http://www.nrdc.org/nuclear/ Limit the unending spread of population.
Section off areas to keep habitats complete
Stop cutting down the Rain Forests The effects of ozone depletion is
unordinary raises in temperature
in certain parts of the world which
can destroy the ecosystem because
plants and animals may not be able adapt quick enough. The picture above shows a whole the ozone layer 30 years ago and then to 2009. •Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) contribute to 80%
of the ozone depletion. Changing the composition
of the molecules we use for things life fridgerators
and other products would help slow down ozone
depletion Also decreasing the use of Methyl Chloroform
in factories would help slow down ozone depletion.
It would be in our best interest to change the chemicals we use in our industries. http://www.bcairquality.ca/101/ozone-depletion-causes.html
http://www.stanford.edu/group/Zarelab/publinks/704.pdf Cause:
Varroa mites severely attacked bee colonies
in the winter of 2005, and took out a large
amount of the population. Also, irresponsible use
of pestisides, and the failure of regulators to enforce
rules meant to frotect bees from poisonng have also
affected pollinator deccline. Plant productions decrease because 3/4 of all
blooming plants rely on pollinators for
fertilization. Loss of plants also mean loss of
species diversity. The decrease in pollinators also effect farmers.
They make their money off of crops fertilized by
pollinators. The lose it once those crops aren't
getting fertilized. Also hurts the economy. The US economic
value of these pollinated crops is over 15 million
dollars. Bee keepers can relocate to where
the vorroa mites aren't present. North American farmers have started to
import bees from other places, however these
bees could also carry pestisides, diseases, etc.,
as well. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/10/18/AR2006101801712.html •http://sks.sirs.com/cgi-bin/hst-article-display?id=SND0050H-0-8312&artno=0000250696&type=ART&shfilter=U&key=pollinator%20decline&title=The%20Vanishing&res=Y&ren=Y&gov=Y&lnk=Y&ic=N http://sks.sirs.com/cgi-bin/hst-article-display?id=SND0050H-0-8312&artno=0000269393&type=ART&shfilter=U&key=pollinator%20decline&title=Mysterious%20Honeybee%20Deaths%20Leave%20Sting%20on%20Agriculture&res=Y&ren=Y&gov=Y&lnk=Y&ic=N http://www.epa.gov/heatisld/about/index.htm It is caused because the city lacks vegetation and soil moisture. An urban heat island is when a city or town has a higher temperature than its surroundings. http://www.weatherquestions.com/What_is_the_urban_heat_island.htm Use Cooling pavements Cooling-reflective roofs http://www.newexterior.com/pages/the-right-roof-for-keeping-cool http://www.google.com/imgres?q=electronic+waste&start=170&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&biw=1280&bih=906&tbm=isch&tbnid=-JMNbn_aJGCvRM:&imgrefurl=http://planetgreen.discovery.com/games-quizzes/appliance-guru-quiz/&docid=HzXlHTlBKc7rpM&imgurl=http://planetgreen.discovery.com/games-quizzes/appliance-guru-quiz/images/9-electronic-waste.jpg&w=263&h=197&ei=W9llUPyuBqm9ygH5q4GAAQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=1017&vpy=436&dur=304&hovh=157&hovw=210&tx=123&ty=130&sig=103661205309908873662&page=8&tbnh=157&tbnw=210&ndsp=25&ved=1t:429,r:19,s:170,i:309 http://www.google.com/imgres?q=electronic+waste&um=1&hl=en&safe=active&sa=N&biw=1280&bih=906&tbm=isch&tbnid=sJ67ZeVQzvEhWM:&imgrefurl=http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/multimedia/photos/electronic-waste-in-guangdong-4279/&docid=bOLagE7U7dMUZM&imgurl=http://www.greenpeace.org/international/ReSizes/OriginalWatermarked/Global/international/planet-2/image/2007/7/electronic-waste-in-guangdong-4279.jpg&w=800&h=578&ei=z9llUN-8NfGLyAGq-ICIAQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=600&vpy=442&dur=975&hovh=191&hovw=264&tx=169&ty=72&sig=103661205309908873662&page=2&tbnh=158&tbnw=187&start=20&ndsp=25&ved=1t:429,r:12,s:20,i:180 Typically the plants in the area absorbs the heat and without them it is absorbed by the buildings or roads. When heat is absorbed on the street or roads, the cooling pavements reflect it back. Not only does it help with urban heat island effect it will alos help with stormwater runoff and lower tire noise Instead of heat being absorbed on a roof it is relected back, causing less heat in the building. It will also help with using less energy in the home for cooling. Increase vegetation The plants will absorb the heat instead of buildings and roads Increases energy consumption The heat will be absorbed in roofs, causing the house to be hot and people will use more air conditioning. Human health The hot heat could lead to heat strokes, heat cramps, exhaustion, and respistory problems. www.urbanheatislands.com heatislands.lbl.gov www.thefutureisawesome.com/2009/03/09/vertical-vegetation/ The fact or practice of an increasing consumption of goods and resources Melts Ice Caps We can cut down on driving
and create more green factories Human impact
Depleting the Ozone http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/01/0111_040112_consumerism.html Degradation of habitat by artificial light.
Alteration of natural light levels in the outdoor environment owing to artificial light sources.
Some of the consequences are still unknown but researchers are currently trying to find out what they are. http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2008/11/light-pollution/klinkenborg-text http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2001/ast01nov_1/ Use of lower light emitting light bulbs
Direction of light changed to a face down postion instead of pointing up at the sky.
Utilizing light sources of minimum intensity necessary to accomplish the light's purpose. http://www.astrosociety.org/edu/publications/tnl/44/lightpoll.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Light_pollution Image of Light Radiation from space. Genetic diversity refers to the total
number of genetic characteristics in
the genetic makeup of species. It
serves as a way for populations to
adapt to changing environments. http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-genetic-diversity.htm Causes include the exchange of
genes during meiosis and mutational
events. The main cause is genetic drift,
and effect of random changes in the gene pool. http:///www.esajournals.org/doi.abs/10.1890/09-1240.1?journalCode=ecol Genetic diversity is an important population attribute for conservation and evolutionary reasons. Inbreeding(breed closely related animals), outbreeding(breed from parents not closely related), and environmental effects can cause weak relationships between genetic diversity and life history traits can impact populations. Genetic Diversity creates new species in everything such as humans, animals, and plants. Inbred with its own parent in hopes of creating a more favorable White Siberian Tiger with different colored pigmentations of the eyes. http://s3.hubimg.com/u/4068574_f260.jpg A family started breeding the Quakers, which are birds. They started out breeding the green Monk Parakeets and progressed to blue Quakers, Cinnamon Quaker Parrots then dark-eyed Yellow Quakers. http://www.quakerman.com/files/tweetie_files/yelnspl.jpg preserve genetic diversity in threatened species
allow natural selection and no genetic mutations
asexual reproduction is less costly, but promotes less genetic diversity
accepting how humans and other species live the way they live http://suite101.com/article/genetic-diversity-minimizes-dna-mutations-a194155 http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v461/n7265/images/461726a-i1.0.jpg Diversity in Humans! Genetic engineering is the use of technology being used to change the genetic makeup of cells and move genes across species boundaries to produce novel organisms. This technique involves highly sophisticated manipulations of genetic material and other biologically important chemicals. By genetic engineering, organisms are given new combination of genes and traits that do not occur in nature and cannot be developed by natural means. Nature can produce organisms with new gene combinations through sexual reproduction. But reproductive mechanisms limit the number of new combinations. A genetic engineer has no such restriction. It’s a technology that alters the traits of living organisms by inserting genetic material that has been manipulated by artificial means. Nature is also very complex, so scientists believe that introducing genetically modified genes may have irreversible effects with consequences that are unknown. Also, many people are concerned and question whether a man has the right to manipulate the laws and course of nature. Genetically engineered foods also create specific problems for those of various faiths. We can educate ourselves more about the current issue and try to prevent the effects of genetic engineering. If people wish to avoid genetically engineered foods, local officials should require stores to post signs for their customers. http://www.ucsusa.org/food_and_agriculture/science_and_impacts/impacts_genetic_engineering/
http://www.fda.gov/AnimalVeterinary/DevelopmentApprovalProcess/GeneticEngineering/default.htm -Fluids contain toxic chemicals
-Numerous cases of environmental and public health issues
-Have been known to contaminate water
-Drillers do not care about their contamination because they are not regulated under the Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, and Safe Drinking Water Act -Give out the chemicals that are toxic
-Be regulated under the three acts
-Worry about the contamination and act upon it if need be
-Fix noise pollution, increase in traffic, and increase in oil spills to keep the environment clean http://marcellusdrilling.com/2011/02/hydraulic-fracturing-used-in-north-dakota-oil-fields-gives-that-state-the-lowest-unemployment-rate-in-the-nation/
google images Hydraulic Fracturing It's basically that there are too many places being fished at. The fishes are becoming more susceptible to become extinct. The cause is the fish industry has gone up tremendously and companies more fish to supply the demand. So, they fish more and the fishes become less. Different fishery's have collapsed
-example: Atlantic Canadian cod fishery in the 1990's
Overfishing of species Different fishery's have collapsed
-example: Atlantic Canadian cod fishery in the 1990's
Overfishing of species affect other species also.
-Example: Decline in large sharks is an increase in smaller fish
There's unintentional killing of marine life http:see-the-sea.org
www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/international/isu-globla-eng.htm The reservoirs in North Dakota used to prevent flooding, fishing, water supply, hydroelectric power, and regulating the current of the Missouri River. Make Safe Catch Limits-total number of fish caught
Controls on Bycatch-prevent unintentional
Protection of Pristine and Important Habitats-key parts (nursing grounds)
Monitoring and Enforcing-fisherman not catch more than they're supposed to The great Pacific Garbage Patch is basically "floating islands" of trash in the Pacific. It really isn't a solid mass of trash that you can walk on. The trash is mostly plastic. Plastic isn't biodegradable, so must of it is left there floating. 80% of the debris comes for land. The plastic blows off the land, and gets caught in the ocean currents. The trash is collected in a gyre(huge spirals of water formed by colliding currents). The trash is located in the North Pacific Subtropical Convergence Zone. Some of the trash also sinks to the bottom. The amount of plastic outweighs the amount of plankton to a 6:1 ratio. About 20 billion pounds of plastic ends up in the ocean, and 10% of that eventually sink to the bottom of the ocean. The size of all this is about the size of a continent and extends 100 feet below the surface. What You Can Do
Be Informed
Know what you eat
Spread the word These reservoirs are causing some fish and bird species to become threatened, or even endangered.
Carp are taking over the population in the reservoirs, making sport-fishing difficult, and ruining biodiversity. The debris in the ocean effects the environment in many ways. Many marine life get entangled in the plastic. The sunlight tries to break down the plastic by photo degradation. As it is doing this, the plastic releases toxic chemicals like bispherol-A which can hurt the environment and kill sea life. Birds and fish mistake the plastic as food. The plastic also absorbs pollutants like PCBs and pesticides like DDT. These pollutants bio accumulate in the marine organisms, and going up the food chain, end up in the food we eat. Now the obvious answer may be just to get the trash out of the water and recyle what you can. But it isnt that simple because of its size. Captain Charles Moore(a main researcher in this) once said a cleanup effort would bankrupt and country and kill the wildlife in the nets as it went. Ultimately the best way is to try to reduce the patch by recycling and wider the use of biodegradable materials. http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/translating-uncle-sam/stories/what-is-the-great-pacific-ocean-garbage-patch http://discovermagazine.com/2008/jul/10-the-worlds-largest-dump http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/earth/oceanography/great-pacific-garbage-patch.htm Carp numbers could be
reduced, avoiding the turbid
water conditions they create.

Increasing the diversity of
different populations could
prevent species from being
threatened by one problem species. http://www.usbr.gov/gp/lakes_reservoirs/north_dakota_lakes.htm


http://nd.water.usgs.gov/lewisandclark/dams.html Garrison Dam water release From: factories, powerplants, smelters, dry cleaners,
cars, buses, plans, trucks and trains, also windblown
dust, and volcanic eruptions What: mixture of solid particles and gases in the air *wide range of health impacts
-irritation of eyes/throat
-respiratory diseases
*acid rain
-affects/changes chemistry of soil
-unfit for living
-damages lung tissue-animals
-presents plant respiration
-blocks openings in leaves(stomata)
*ruins ozone
-plants with no respiration
-no photosynthesis
-decay plant cells directly
*global warming
-climate changes to many regions *Limit car use
-car pooling
-don't let car sit for more than
30 seconds
*simply planting a tree
*turning off lights when you leave
a room http://www.arb.ca.gov/html/brochure/simple_solutions.pdf
http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/pollution-overview/ Want to watch a video? http://www.ted.com/talks/lee_hotz_inside_an_antarctic_time_machine.html
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