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Typical Life in Alabama in the 1930s

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Sydney Shores

on 14 April 2014

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Transcript of Typical Life in Alabama in the 1930s

Black men
Little education
No rising pay
16.7 were illiterate
50% had no job
Black women/children
Women
Made clothes
found food
Took care of children
kids starvation
trains
no education 70%
Culture of 1930s
Great Depression
October 29, 1924 Stock Market lost 9 million
All banks shut down
People rushed to the banks to claim money.
some people jumped off bridges
It ended after 1959 at start of WWII
Growing up a white man
times were tough
large divisions between classes
jobs were extremely scarce
people with prestigious degrees had a hard time
pay got as low and even lower than 37.5 cents a day
Lots of land, but little income
Employed blacks as share croppers
Education and Population
Segregated schools
5 month school years
struggled to stay open
1 in 11 rural attended high school
1 in 6 in town attended high school
1.7m whites
944,834 blacks
Urban - 744,834
Rural - 1.9 million
Typical Life in Alabama in the 1930s
The Dust Bowl
1931 drought (midwest)
Dust/Sand storms
1932-1939 people were trying to get money
1939 rain finally returns

Growing up as a white woman
some women took on male roles
Many white widows lived closely with blacks
Main responsibilities: cook and clean
Common jobs: seamstress, shop girls, dairy workers
Known to maintain social order
Limited say in family affairs
To keep up spirits, quilting parties were common




Fashion in Dresses: dresses designed by Adrian and Muriel King
Hats designed by Lily Dache
Print dress with a waist line and longer hem length
Zipper was very popular
Vest sweaters become more popular than 3 piece suit
Jazz was very popular. Artists like Duke Ellington, Benny Goodman, Glenn Miller, and Tommy Dorsey
Art was based upon American culture and history. Decade saw the beginning of the American regionalist style
Physics experiments in atom breaking became huge
Broadway lit up with Green Pastures, The Man Who Came to Dinner, and Children’s Hour
Dr. Seuss delighted children with his books.

Work Cited
"About The Dust Bowl." About The Dust Bowl. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Apr. 2014.

"ADAH: Alabama History Timeline (1901-1950)." ADAH: Alabama History Timeline (1901-1950). N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Apr. 2014.

"EOA Links." Encyclopedia of Alabama: Segregation (Jim Crow). N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Apr. 2014.



"GROWING UP IN THE HUNGRY 30's." To Kill a Mockinbird and Setting. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Apr. 2014.



"The Great Depression." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 01 Apr. 2014.



"The Roles of Southern Women, Black and White, in Society." The Roles of Southern Women, Black and White, in Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Apr. 2014.



Ellis, Neenah. "Survivors Of The Great Depression Tell Their Stories." NPR. NPR, n.d. Web. 03 Apr. 2014.



Hard Times, the 30s. Alexandria, Va: Time-Life Books, 1998. Print

Library, 1999. Web. 7 Feb. 2011.



Norrell, Robert J. "Cultural Life." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 03 Apr. 2014.



Sutton, Bettye. "1930-1939." American Cultural History. Lone Star College-Kingwood
Full transcript