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Ancient Greek Theatre: Masks and Costumes

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Hannah H

on 11 April 2013

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Transcript of Ancient Greek Theatre: Masks and Costumes

By Hannah Hamby and Haley Glew Ancient Greek Theatre: Masks and Costumes Masks Comedy Tragedy
•Made of wood, linen, leather cork, and occasionally real hair
•Lightweight, but not durable

Because they were not made to last, no masks have survived have survived the test of time. We know the were used from depictions such as on pieces of pottery. • Used to enhance emotions and expressions
• Helped to project voices
• Helped differentiate characters for those seated far from the stage
•Masks covered whole head with wig and had holes for eyes and mouth
•Skeuopoios was a mask-maker
•Children were portrayed with silent masks Masks were often ugly or grotesque
Usually smiling or leering
Very over exaggerated features Usually appeared more life-like
Exaggerated features Costumes Masks were the most important part of costumes
Body painting was used in early acting
Helped with characterization Costume pieces included:

Chiton- robe
Chlaina- over wear
Chlamys- short cloak
Kothurnus- short boots with laces
Himation – over wear
Peplos- cloak Costume pieces included:

Chiton- robe
Chlaina- over wear
Chlamys- short cloak
Kothurnus- short boots with laces
Himation – over wear
Peplos – cloak When portraying female characters, men wore long white sleeves as well as progastreda and posterneda across the chest. Costumes could help classify character type, such as gender, age, social status and class, depending on the colors and style of the garments. Actors playing Athenian characters wore elaborate costumes, like fancy versions of common clothes, whereas foreign characters had a more outlandish look. In later years, actors in a tragedy often wore buskins (platform shoes) or cothurneses (elevated boots) as well as regular shoes/sandals. Comic actors wore plain socks or normal shoes and sandals. At first actors were only just as important as the chorus, but as time passed and they became more important, their shoes became taller and they began to wear onkos, which were tall head dresses. As their importance increased so did their height on stage. Actors wore costumes that were completely different from themselves because Dionysus was the god of Ecstasy, which can mean “standing outside oneself." It was the actors religious belief that they had to become a different person entirely. Citations: Alvarez, Veronica. World of Greek Arts: Masks, Costumes, & Props. n.d. http://artsedge.kennedy-center.org/interactives/greece/theater/playersProps.html. 5 April 2013.

Damen. Classical Greek Tragedy and Theatre. 2009. http://www.usu.edu/markdamen/ClasDram/chapters/061gkthea.htm. 5 April 2013.

Greek Theatre.wordpress. Costumes & Masks. n.d. http://greektheatre.wordpress.com/home/. 5 April 2013.

theatrecostumes.webs. Costumes. 2009. http://theatrecostumes.webs.com/greekroman.htm. 5 April 2013.

Arts Edge. City Dionysia- Masks, Costumes, and Props. n.d. http://artsedge.kennedy-center.org/interactives/greece/theater/playersProps.html April 5, 2013.
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