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Transcript of Decision Making
Introduction to Decision Making
According to the Oxford dictionary, decision making is: The act or process of making important decisions.
Therefore, through life as you develop as teenagers and beyond, you will have times when you have to make decisions for yourselves. It could be for a job, personal small decisions, or big decisions like what career or university to go to. We need to be careful about making decisions because sometimes they can affect other people negatively, or positively.
Making decisions in the following manner can help make decisions easier because you are breaking it down into steps and will help you to stay organized and get it down in time. It can also be used for a learning
experience to see how certain decisions worked and if they
are worth doing again, or maybe not.
Decision Making Model "IDEAL"
valuate Your Options/Alternatives
The E in this model stands for
evaluating your options
you came up with and seeing the positive and negative sides to all of them.
You can even write them down in a chart to make it easier to remember or keep.
Pick at each option and think what might be a positive outcome if I do this, or what might be a negative outcome.
Start thinking about what pathways have many consequences or which ones would have a positive outcome because the ones with positive outcomes are obviously the ones you need to focus on.
After you made your move and did what you decided to do, you might realize that what you did was a poor choice, or a great choice!
Being able to see the outcome and reflect on the choice is good because you want to personally see how you did and if you would be able to do it again in a similar situation.
You may have had a good or bad experience, but either way you will remember and learn something from it. As the saying goes, learn from your mistakes.
dentify the Problem
in the model means,
act with an educated and evaluated plan.
By doing the previous steps you should have enough facts to show which plan is best to go with, so do it.
By looking at all your options and seeing the positives and negatives for each one, pick the one that you think will have the most positive outcome and make you satisfied.
escribe the Options/Alternatives
in this model means to
describe the alternatives
and look for pathways other than what you currently know of. Be open-minded!
Finding all different alternatives might help you find something you never knew was available and could benefit you in a positive way.
Determine what options you personally think are right to do from your own values and judgment.
Just a Note...
Interestingly enough, there are actually 4 different types of decision makers. Since we have to make decisions so often, people tend to do them in one of these four ways each time. Think about which one you might be...
Decisive: Decision makers can make decisions quickly and usually stay with that plan. They do well in emergency or fast-paced tasks.
Flexible: These people can fluctuate through their options and may change their plans as time goes on. They can make decisions fairly quickly, but they keep looking at different options and can adjust their plan if a better option comes up, or if they see their original intent is not going to work.
Hierarchic: These decision makers like to really dig into the options and also go to others to get different points of view. They take a great deal in looking at the data to make the right decision, because once they have a good thought-out plan, they keep it for good.
Integrative: They look at much data and can find many options to evaluate and even from people. They might rearrange their plan during the decision-making process, but once it's time to make the final decision, they make a solid one.
You usually only work until 9 o'clock, but your supervisor really needs you to stay later and help clean up. You might have to stay up really late to finish the assignment, and then will be tired tomorrow, or if you don't finish the assignment, you get marks deducted. At the same time though, you would like to work more hours because you need the money to save up to buy a car. Basically, you want to stay later, but have an assignment that you need to do, to bump your mark up.
Option 3 would probably be the best outcome because then
you can get some of both and still won't feel bad or won't
feel guilty after because you are going according to your morals. Option 3 would be the best because it has the least negatives, but good positive points. You can still work later to get some extra money to put towards your car, have time to finish your assignment (and hopefully get a good mark on it), and still get to bed at a reasonable time.
Scenario: You are at your part-time job (McDonald's) after school and your supervisor asks you to work later, until 12 o'clock, but you usually only work until 9 o'clock. You also have an assignment due at 8:20 in the morning, that you aren't finished yet.
in this model means
Identifying the problem
and thinking about what the real issue is and what needs to be done or solved.
This step is important because you need to find the real stem of the issue and then use this model and your own judgment to solve it.
Get advice or suggestions from other people and ask yourself some questions.
Collect the information or facts you need to find the problem and keep it together.
Example Decision Making Scenario
Now, think about what different routes you can take...
1) You can tell you supervisor that you will work until 12 o'clock, but no later. You need the money and want to impress the supervisor.
2) You tell your supervisor that you can't work any later than your usual 9 o'clock because you have an assignment due.
3) You tell you supervisor that you can work until 10:30, if that will still help in anyway.
+ You would get more money to save up for your car
+Your supervisor would be happy because you can stay later and would probably be impressed
- You will be tired from working later, first of all.
- You will have to stay up late to finish the assignment, and then be tired the next day
- If you fall asleep and don't get the assignment finished, you will get a lower mark, but are trying to get your mark up into the 90s
+ You would get work done at your normal time and still have a couple hours to finish your assignment
+ You could get to bed on a more normal time and won't be as tired tomorrow
+ You could get a good mark on your assignment
- Your supervisor might be a little disappointed, but they can't fire you because your regular hours are usually only until 9 o'clock.
- Won't get extra money to save up for your goal
- Won't get as much sleep as you normally do and might be a little tired for tomorrow
+ You would get a little extra money to save up
+ Get you assignment done before midnight and hand it in on time tomorrow.
+ Could get a good mark on your assignment because it's on time, which will help bring up your mark overall
Now, it's the morning and you just handed it your assignment. Think about what happened, if it worked out good and you solved what you wanted to solve.
You got some extra money to save up for you car and your supervisor was really impressed with you. You handed in your assignment on time and you think you did a good job on it. You were a little tired, but sometimes life is just so busy that things happen like that. Think about if that situation came up again, would you do it or not?
A funny video to enjoy of Mr. Bean packing for his holiday. Notice how he didn't think out his whole plan, so he just started making shortcuts in his packing, and then in the end, did it all for nothing. This video shows Mr.Bean in his silliness, that by not using decision making it can make a problem or something that wasn't needed! Enjoy!