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THE WRITING PROCESS
Mike Gatenbyon 4 March 2015
Transcript of THE WRITING PROCESS
THE RHETORICAL THOUGHT PROCESS
The more prewriting you do, the less likely it is that you will block when you come to
writing your first draft.
Creating a Thesis Statement
1.Determine what kind of paper you are writing
2. Your thesis statement should be specific—it should cover only what you will discuss in your paper and should be supported with specific evidence.
3. The thesis statement usually appears at the end of the first paragraph of a paper
4. Your topic may change as you write, so you may need to revise your thesis statement to reflect exactly what you have discussed in the paper.
SJSU EOP PRESENTS
Consider your own knowledge about, interest in, feelings for, and
thoughts on a topic as you decide whether / how to write about it.
Consider paper length—Make sure your topic is sufficiently narrow to
allow you to develop a paper fully within the assigned page limit.
*Who is the audience for your writing?
*Do you think your audience is interested in the topic? Why or why not?
*Why should your audience be interested in this topic?
*What does your audience already know about this topic?
*What does your audience need to know about this topic?
*What experiences has your audience had that would influence them on this topic?
*What do you hope the audience will gain from your text?
We use the term genres to describe categories of written texts that have recognizable patterns, syntax, techniques, and/or conventions.
A WRITER’S STYLE IS WHAT SETS HIS OR HER WRITING APART and makes it unique. Style is the way writing is dressed up (or down) to fit the specific context, purpose, or audience. Word choice, sentence fluency, and the writer’s voice — all contribute to the style of a piece of writing. How a writer chooses words and structures sentences to achieve a certain effect is also an element of style.
Writing can have many different purposes. Here are just a few examples:
*Argumentative (Persuasive) essays
*Research Papers (Informational)
*Summarizing: Presenting the main points or essence of another text in a condensed form
*Arguing/Persuading: Expressing a viewpoint on an issue or topic in an effort to convince others that your viewpoint is correct
*Narrating: Telling a story or giving an account of events
*Evaluating: Examining something in order to determine its value or worth based on a set of criteria.
*Analyzing: Breaking a topic down into its component parts in order to examine the relationships between the parts.
*Responding: Writing that is in a direct dialogue with another text.
*Examining/Investigating: Systematically questioning a topic to discover or uncover facts that are not widely known or accepted, in a way that strives to be as neutral and objective as possible.
*Observing: Helping the reader see and understand a person, place, object, image or event that you have directly watched or experienced through detailed sensory descriptions.
Don't feel constrained by format issues. Don't worry about spelling, grammar, or writing in complete sentences. Brainstorm and write down everything you can think of that might relate to the thesis and then reread and evaluate the ideas you generated. It's easier to cut out bad ideas than to only think of good ones. Once you have a handful of useful ways to approach the thesis you can use a basic outline structure to begin to think about organization. Remember to be flexible; this is just a way to get you writing. If better ideas occur to you as you're writing, don't be afraid to refine your original ideas.
*An analytical paper breaks down an issue or an idea into its component parts, evaluates the issue or idea, and presents this breakdown and evaluation to the audience.
*An expository (explanatory) paper explains something to the audience.
*An argumentative paper makes a claim about a topic and justifies this claim with specific evidence. The claim could be an opinion, a policy proposal, an evaluation, a cause-and-effect statement, or an interpretation. The goal of the argumentative paper is to convince the audience that the claim is true based on the evidence provided.
Thesis Statement Examples
Example of an analytical thesis statement
An analysis of the college admission process reveals one challenge facing counselors: accepting students with high test scores or students with strong extracurricular backgrounds.
The paper that follows should:
Explain the analysis of the college admission process
Explain the challenge facing admissions counselors
Example of an expository (explanatory) thesis statement:
The life of the typical college student is characterized by time spent studying, attending class, and socializing with peers.
The paper that follows should:
Explain how students spend their time studying, attending class, and socializing with peers
Example of an argumentative thesis statement
High school graduates should be required to take a year off to pursue community service projects before entering college in order to increase their maturity and global awareness.
The paper that follows should:
Present an argument and give evidence to support the claim that students should pursue community projects before entering college
Using your outline, you can now begin to write a draft. Your draft should have the appropriate structure to achieve your purpose.
*Alert your reader to the question you are answering in your paper.
* explain the importance of the question and your answer
* appeal to the reader's interest
* conclude with your thesis.
Above all, make sure your intro is sharply focused.
*Make sure your body paragraph is headed by a topic sentence that relates directly to your thesis statement.
*Your body paragraphs will develop the ideas you formulated in your outline.
* The number of body paragraphs will vary depending on the depth of your paper.
There is no one way to conclude a paper. But here are some suggestions:
* address ideas from a fresh perspective
* pose a question for future study
* describe possible limitations of your argument
* refer to a detail in the introduction to bring the paper full circle
* offer a provacative, unexpected, or exciting insight
* offer a solution or different way of thinking about the topic