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Transcript of Egypt Prezzi
2700 B.C.-2200 B.C. In What ways Did Egyptian Art and Architecture Flourish During the Rule of Pharaoh Senusret I? The White Chapel (This Prezi is Copyrighted) ~The Great Pyramid of Giza, one of the seven wonders of the world, was built by Pharaoh Khufu around 2560 B.C.
~Pharaohs were established as a central authority.
~Egypt established a strong central government.
~The Old Kingdom was from 2700 B.C.-2200 B.C. The Middle Kingdom
2030 B.C-1640 B.C. ~The White Chapel was built by Senusret I, the patron of art and architecture.
~The White Chapel was made of alabaster, a white rock.
~On the walls of the White Chapel, there was beautiful artwork.
~Senusret oversaw the mining of gold, copper, and gems.
~Egyptians made elaborate jewelry using stones like turqoise.
~Egyptians also had literature.
~The greatest piece of Egyptian literature is called "The Story of Sinhue." The New Kingdom
1538 B.C.-1069 B.C. ~The most impressive temple was completed at Abu
Simbel built by Ramses II.
~It was carved cliff on the Nile.
~The first woman ruler was Hatshepsut.
~She demanded to be treated like a man and also dressed like one. ~The White Chapel is perhaps Senusret I's finest monument.
~The White Chapel is made of alabaster, a hard white stone.
~On the walls of the White Chapel are beautiful paintings of animals, gods, and people. The White Chapel Jewelry ~Pharoah Senusret oversaw the mining of precious metals and gems.
~All the jewelry was elaborately decorated with stones like turquoise. Fine Egyptian
jewelry Fun Fact ~Only wealthy people
wore jewelry like
this. Egyptian Literature ~The Story of Sinhue" is a famous example of Egyptian literature. "The Story of Sinhue"
Sinhue, an official, hears a plan to kill the pharaoh. So fleeing for his own life, Sinhue goes to another part of Egypt. Though Sinhue thrives in his new land, he becomes homesick. A few years later, the new pharaoh welcomes him back despite his cowardly behavior of running. Who Was Ramses II?
What were his most impressive achievements? ~Hatshepsut wore
a fake beard like
pharaohs! Fun Fact Who Was Ramses II? ~Ramses II was a pharaoh who ruled from 1290 B.C.-1224 B.C.
~He had a nickname called Ramses the Great.
~Ramses and the Hitties signed the world's first peace treaty.
~Ramses reigned for about sixty years. What were Ramses' II Greatest Inventions? ~Ramses and the Hitties signed the world's first peace treaty.
~Built a temple complex at Abu Simbel.
~Followers made a temple for Ramses II.
~In front of the temple the were four seated sculptures of Ramses.
~Sculptures of Ramses were the finest Egyptian sculptures ever.
~Ramses made the most temples and monuments than any pharaoh. What were the Major Accomplishments of the Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms of Ancient Egypt? The White Chapel Hatshepsut's
fake beard. What did the Egyptians Believe about Afterlife? ~The Egyptians believed that a person needed everything to survive in the afterlife.
~The soul or "ka" of the person would descend into the Afterworld where they would live their lives the same way.
~There would be a "Book of the Dead" to guide the ka to the Afterlife.
~All of their stuff would accompany them in the tomb so they could have the most normal life as possible. This picture shows
Anubis weighing the dead person's heart to the feather to see if his heart is lighter than the feather. If the heart is lighter, that dead person will go to heaven. What Were the Social Classes of Ancient Egypt and what Determined a Person's Social Class? Pharaoh ~The Pharaoh was the ruler of the kingdom.
~Pharaohs were looked at as gods. Government Officials Vizier ~The vizier carried out commands for the pharaohs. The Government Officials were the highest class under the pharaoh. Chief Treasurer ~The chief treasurer collected taxes and
looked after the governments wealth. General of the Army ~Top military leader.
~He helped make alliance with other kingdoms. Priests High Priest ~The high priest advises the pharaoh and oversaw religious ceremonies. Temple Priests ~Temple priests take care of the gods and temples. Other Priests ~Some priests gave advise and performed healing.
~Priests embalm or preserve a dead body and put in coffin for the afterlife.
~Priestess would oversee temples that were devoted to music. Scribes ~Scribes were official writers and record keepers.
~They usually worked for the government, priests, and nobles.
~They wrote in hieroglyphics-a system of writing in 3000 B.C.E. Artisan There Were different types of Artisan. ~Carpenters
Portrayed scenes from Egyptian daily life.
Played an important role in tomb building. Made Statues , engravings, and relief stones in temples. Peasants ~Peasants were unskilled laborers.
~They grew crops.
~When they were not working in fields they built monuments and temples.
~They were rewarded during the end of the harvest seasons. Egypt's
Social Pyramid The End (This Prezi is highly copyrighted and for
your knowledge about ancient Egypt) Dead person Anubis, god of embalming.