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Transcript of Fairy Tales
- Disney portrays woman in a negative light
- Reproduces masculine dominance and feminine submissiveness
- Females need to be “rescued” by a man
- Without a male figure, women are weak and insignificant
- Girls need to be domestic
-Main Message: getting a wealthy man to fall in love with you will result in true happiness
Lessons and Morals: Cinderella
- You have to be beautiful, and if you are not beautiful, men won’t pay attention to you
- Cinderella transforms from being a poor, mistreated maid to a glamorous princess
- Gains the Prince’s attention
- Prince Charming fell in love with Cinderella’s beauty, not necessarily Cinderella herself
- Teaches women and young girls to rely on other people to save them, particularly men
Lyrics to this song teach young girls that by dreaming hard enough wishes will come true by a stroke of luck.
"Leave the sewing to the women"
Retelling of Stories: Cinderella
Grimm Brothers 1697 vs. Disney 1950
- Stories known for being sexual and violent
- Directed towards children, no violence or sexual content
What has been removed?
Disney cut out gruesome parts
- The pigeons pecking out the stepsisters eyes
- The stepsisters cut off their toe and heel
The evolution of fairy tales can be seen through the transformation of gender roles, lessons and morals, and the retelling of a story.
Gender Roles in Frozen
~Disney is known for teaching young girls that heroines are always beautiful, helpless without a man, and mostly just out to find their prince.
~Anna and Elsa deserve credit for exploring their relationship with each other rather than with someone else.
~As the movie progresses, we see that it is the love between the sisters that drives the story and ultimately, it is Elsa's love for her sister that saves her from her death.
"An act of True love can thaw frozen heart"
Lessons and Morals in Frozen
~In true Disney style Anna meets him, falls in love and accepts his marriage proposal on the first day they meet.
~Later on the audience gets a rare glimpse of self awareness from Disney; Anna is repeatedly told by her companions that this is an irresponsible decision
~As Elsa grows, her parents try to help her control her magic ice powers
~"Conceal it, don't feel it, don't let it show"
~Elsa struggles through the whole movie lodges itself in this good girl/bad girl dichotomy
"Don't let them in, don't let them see / be good girl you always had to be / Conceal, don't feel, don't let them know / Well now they know"
Retelling of the story: Frozen
~Frozen is originated from Hans Christian Andersons "The Snow Queen"
~The Snow Queen is book with seven stories
~Elsa was originally portrayed as a dramatic, evil, heartless, theatrical villain in early drafts of the film
~In Andersen’s version, the story focuses on the relationships between two childhood friends, Kay and Gerda
~Disney’s adaptation, Frozen, is a much more emotional tale. It is a story of sisters, Anna and Elsa of Arendelle
Gender Roles in Brave
- Brave is about a princess who is forced into a marriage that she is both not prepared for, and she just doesn't want to (get married)
- She does the unthinkable which is to defy her kingdom, and most importantly, her family.
"The first born of each of the great leaders will compete for her hand in marriage. It is tradition that the princess chooses the game in which the suitors will fight for her."
- By ripping her dress, it not only shows that she is uncomfortable, but it shows her act of defiance towards the idea of marriage and all the norms that society
has placed on her.
She represents everything that a Disney princess isn't:
- Not afraid to stand up to her parents
- Takes part in "masculine" activities (archery and horseback riding)
- Explores the forest
- Not helpless or useless
Female Gender Roles in Fairy Tales by Anne Ng
Do you think that Disney princesses are a good role model for young girls?
Lessons and Morals
Some morals and lessons stay the same, and some also change
- In the Mother's point of view, we can see how some morals and lessons have stayed the same.
- Merida must eat, walk, talk, and act like a princess.
- This leaves Merida with no time to truly think for herself.
"We are giving you all that we never had"
"We are doing this out of love for you"
"It is for your own good"
In Merida's Point of View...
-The moral of the story is to just be yourself!!!
MAKE YOUR OWN CHOICES
- You have the power to change your own destiny, to change your own fate...
Disney's version of Merida
Pixar's version of Merida, the right one!
Merida is the opposite of the ideal Disney/ fairytale princess.
It is understandable why director Brenda Chapman was disappointed when Disney made her look like an "actual" princess.
The biggest but also most frivolous controversy was that because of her rebellious and tomboyish nature and her refusal to be in a relationship with a "prince or boy", many conservatives believed the character Merida was written as a lesbian. Disney and Pixar have denied this controversy on the grounds that Merida was more a strong independent girl who was meant to break age old stereotypes of girls and princesses but never intended to be a female homosexual character.
The film has faced several "controversies" upon its release, the first being that despite not wanting to get married to a prince, Merida was still made an official Disney princess which many people considered something of a hypocritical contradiction to the film's moral.
It was also criticized for being a fairy tale film made by Pixar, not by the in-house Disney animation, and many long time Pixar fans saw this as further evidence that after being bought by Disney that Pixar had "sold out" and was now just Disney's tool for marketing and merchandising productions.
Retelling a Story
was not adapted from an old fairytale or folklore like Cinderella or Frozen was
In Fact, Brenda Chapman (writer and director), came up with this concept from her own personal experiences with raising her daughter.
The Brother's Grimm stories and Hans Christian Anderson stories also inspired Brenda as well (What a coincidence!)
has given us the ability to recount old stories, and create new ones.
2 additional software programs were specially and specifically designed for this move alone.
alone, Pixar wrote its animation system over for the first time (in forever :P) in 25 years
~ One program allows simulations of Merida's 1500 strands of curly hair to move together with her movements
~ The other program allows Pixar animators to create the beautiful landscapes of the Highlands
Course Connection to Rescuers: Their Motives and Morals
Article written by David P. Gushee
A Choice is to be made
"Some rescuers were motivated by patriotic or political ideologies."
- After dancing with Cinderella, Prince charming was determined to find her. Glass slipper was the motivation
- Prince rescued Cinderella from her evil stepmother and step-sisters
- Merida rescues not only her mother, but herself as well.
- The drive to bring her family together once more, and to reverse the spell is what motivated Merida.
- Love also motivates her to fix things.
- Elsa chose to run away so that she wouldn't hurt anyone. She later accepts who she is and rescues herself from living the rest of her life in isolation.
- The love that Anna has for Elsa is what motivated Anna to keep on fighting for her sister