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Figurative Language

Introduction to key vocabluary words/elements of figurative language.
by

Frank Williams

on 5 December 2014

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Transcript of Figurative Language

Alliteration

the repetition of the same consonant sound at the beginning of a group of consecutive or closely connected words
Onomatopoeia

a word that imitates the sound
it is describing
Figurative Language
Personification

giving an animal, idea, or inanimate object
human or life-like characteristics.
Examples of Personification:

• The flowers begged for water.
• The wind whispered softly in the night.
• Lightning danced across the sky.
• The sun played hide and seek with the clouds.
Examples of Alliteration in Tongue Twisters:

Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
Did Peter Piper pick a peck of pickled peppers?
If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers,
Where's the peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked?

Betty Botter bought some butter,
"But," she said, "this butter's bitter.
If I bake this bitter butter,
It will make my batter bitter.
But a bit of better butter -
That would make my batter better."
So she bought a bit of butter,
Better than her bitter butter,
And she baked it in her batter,
And the batter was not bitter.
So 'twas better Betty Botter
Bought a bit of better butter.
Even Batman uses onomatopoeia
Let's try using figurative language together :-)
Use alliteration to fill in the blank
Use imagery to describe colors
How does blue:
feel?
sound?
taste?
smell?
look?
How does yellow:
feel?
sound?
taste?
smell?
look?
How does red:
feel?
sound?
taste?
smell?
look?
Use words that start with the letter "B":

The ________ bear ate ________ while ________ in the_______.
Use words that start with the letter "S":

_______ Sally saw _________ on the __________.
Use words that start with the letter "D":

The ________ dog ______ for ________ in the ______.
How could we use personification to describe nature?
Hint: The wind whispered through the trees.
Use onompatopoeia to describe each action or thing
Imagery

words that create a mental picture by appealing to the five senses - what you see, smell, taste, hear, and feel
Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language. Figurative language is language that goes beyond the literal meaning of words in order to give the reader a different perspective about an idea or subject.
Now it's your turn to use figurative language on your own!
Figurative Language Assignment: Create an Advertisement Using Figurative Language!

Task: Using your understanding and knowledge of figurative language, you are going to create an advertisement for a product that you have invented that incorporates all of the literary devices that we have learned about thus far. Here's what you're going to do!

DIRECTIONS
1. Decide on a product for which you want to invent and develop an advertisement.
(Some suggestions might be sneakers, computers, soda, candy, jewelry, cereal, phone, clothing, etc.) Consider that the audience is someone your own age. SELL! SELL! SELL!
2. Generate a unique name for your product or use an already existing product.
3. Design a ad campaign slogan or “catchy phrase” for your product. Be creative!
4. Create an advertisement that successfully incorporates figurative language into the product name, slogan, and/or overall ad. Use as many as literary devices as you can!
5. Provide the types of figurative language used in your ad and how you used them.
Figurative Language is used everyday:

TV shows & commercials
Movies
Magazine Advertisements
Music
Poems
How we talk to each other
http://naldzgraphics.net/inspirations/30-creative-personification-ads-in-advertising/
“O happy dagger!
This is thy sheath; there rust, and let me die.” -Juliet, Romeo and Juliet


“The wind stood up and gave a shout
He whistled on his fingers and
Kicked the withered leaves about
And thumped the branches with his hand” -James Stephens


Two Sunflowers Move in the Yellow Room
by William Blake

“Ah, William, we’re weary of weather,”
said the sunflowers, shining with dew.
“Our traveling habits have tired us.
Can you give us a room with a view?”

They arranged themselves at the window
and counted the steps of the sun,
and they both took root in the carpet
where the topaz tortoises run.
Hip-Hop Personification Examples
“The new moon rose high in the crown of the metropolis, shining! Like ‘who on top of this?’” -Mos Def

“I woke up energized,
My clock speaking,
Closet door open,
My clothes looking at me,
Fresh kicks sleeping” -Median

“Love is blind” -Eve

“Hip-hop is dead.
Hip-hop just died this morning,
And She’s dead.” -Nas
in music...
in literature...
Simile
a comparison of two different things that have something in common using the words 'like' or 'as'.
"I'm full strength like a Cyclops's eye drops,
I got support like high-tops." - Ugly Duckling, Left Behind.
Metaphor
a creative comparison; something used to represent something greater; an emblem; a symbol.
Similes: I'm as sharp as a(n) _____________
I keep it fresh like _____________
Now, give me a metaphor!

Life is a ________________, because it _______________.

School is a _____________,
because it _______________.

Family is a _____________,
because it _______________.
"The Road Not Taken" by Robert Frost

Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,
And sorry I could not travel both
And be one traveler, long I stood
And looked down one as far as I could
To where it bent in the undergrowth.

Then took the other, as just as fair,
And having perhaps the better claim,
Because it was grassy and wanted wear;
Though as for that the passing there
Had worn them really about the same.

And both that morning equally lay
In leaves no step had trodden black.
Oh, I kept the first for another day!
Yet knowing how way leads on to way,
I doubted if I should ever come back.

I shall be telling this with a sigh
Somewhere ages and ages hence:
Two roads diverged in a wood, and I--
I took the one less traveled by,
And that has made all the difference.
I met this girl when I was three years old.
And what I love most, she had so much soul
She said "Excuse me little homie, I know you don't know me
But my name is Windy, and yo, I like to blow trees"
And from that point I never blow her off
Cousins come from out of town, I like to show her off
They like to act tough, she like to tow em off
And make em straighten up they hat cuz she know they soft
And when I grew up, she show me how to go downtown
And in the nighttime, her face lit up, so astounding
I told her, in my heart is where she'll always be
She never mess with entertainers cuz they always leave
She said it felt like they walked and drove on me
Knew I was gang affiliated, got on tv, and told on me
I guess that's why last winter she got so cold on me
She said "keep makin' that, keep makin' that platinum and gold for me"

(Chorus) [Chris Martin]
Do you think about me now and then?
Do you think about me now and then?
'Cause I'm coming home again
-ming home again

Do you think about me now and then?
Do you think about me now and then?
Oh, now I'm coming home again
Maybe we could start again

(Verse 2) [Kanye West]
But if you really care for her,
Then you wouldn't've never hit the airport to follow your dream
Sometimes I still talk to her
But when I talk to her,
It always seems like she just talk about me
She said, "You left your kids and they just like you
They wanna rap and make soul beats just like you
But they just not you, and I just got through
Talkin' bout what he tryina do, just not new"
Now everybody got the game figured out all wrong
I guess you never know what you got 'til it's gone
I guess that's why I'm here and I can't come back home
And guess when I heard that, when I was back home
Every interview I'm representing you, makin' you proud
Reach for the stars, so when you fall you land on a cloud
Jumpin' in crowds, sparkin' lighters, wave em around
If you don't know by now, I'm talkin' bout Chi-town
MASTERY OBJECTIVE
Identify and define types of figurative language.
What does the word FIGURATIVE mean?
FIGURATIVE WRITING!
writing resembling or involving a figure of speech or literary device; not literal; metaphorical

LITERAL = ACTUAL/FACT
FIGURATIVE = ?
vs.
MASTERY OBJECTIVE
Use figurative language to create a product advertisement.
When we think of life as purposeful, we think of it as having destinations and paths toward those destinations, which makes life a journey. We can speak of children as "getting off to a good start" in life and of the aged as being "at the end of the trail." We describe people as "making their way in life." People worry about whether they "are getting anywhere" with their lives, and about "giving their lives some direction." People who "know where they're going in life" are generally admired. In discussing options, one may say "I don't know which path to take." These are metaphors!

Robert Frost is being metaphorical when he says,

"Two roads diverged in a wood, and I--
I took the one less traveled by,
And that has made all the difference"

in his classic poem, 'The Road Not Taken', we typically read him as discussing options for how to live life, and as claiming that he chose to do things differently than most other people do.

This reading comes from our implicit knowledge of the structure of the LIFE IS A JOURNEY metaphor.
Assonance
a series of words that contain the same or very similar vowel sound; internal rhyme
Hyperbole!
an extreme exaggeration used to make a point.
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