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Russian Foreign Policy

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Eugenia Zharikova

on 19 November 2015

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Transcript of Russian Foreign Policy

Foreign Policy of Russian Federation

Maria Kolbekhina
Evgenia Zharikova

History
MAIN CHARACTERS
Foreign Policy Today

Ensuring the security
of the country
Creating favorable external conditions
for a steady and dynamic growth of the Russian economy and its technological modernization.
Active promoting of
international peace and universal security.
Promoting
good-neighborly relations
with adjoining states
Developing mutually beneficial and e
qual bilateral and multilateral partnership relations
with foreign states.
Strengthening
Russia's positions in the
global trade and economic system
.
Ensuring comprehensive
protection of rights
and legitimate interests of Russian citizens and compatriots residing abroad.
Promoting the Russian language
and strengthening its positions in the world.
Facilitating the development of a constructive dialogue and
partnership relations between civilizations.

Russian Foreign Policy Goals
Concept of the Foreign Policy of the Russian Federation
on 12 February 2013
PRESIDENT
Prime Minister
Represents the Government as an institution in foreign relations and inside the country.
is ex officio of :
Security Council of Russian Federation.
Council of Heads of Government of Commonwealth of Independent states.
The supreme State Council of the Union State of Russia and Belarus.
The council of the Heads of Governments f the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.
The Interstate Council of the Eurasian Economic Community.
Represent Russia in the international level.
Negotiates with other representatives.
Signs the instruments of ratification.
Appoints and recall diplomatic representatives of Russia in foreign countries and international organizations.
Signs international treaties.
Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Responsible of drafting and implementing government policy and legal regulation in the field of foreign relation of the Russian Federation.
United Nations
Article: "Responsibilities of President of Russian Federation".
http://state.rin.ru/cgi-bin/main.pl?id=283&r=224
Article: "Responsibilities of Prime Minister of Russian Federation" : http://bibliotekar.ru/konstitucionnoe-pravo-3/182.htm
Vladimir Putin
Dmitri Medvedev
Sergey Lavrov
web page:http://www.mid.ru/bul_ns_en.nsf/kartaflat/en03.01
Brief Overview:
Kievan Rus' (882)

1054, Kievan Rus' had broken up into regional power centers.

One of this centers was Moscow- the small settlement that soon became the main city.

Ivan IV (the Terrible), that Russia became a unified state.

Russian Empire from 1721 till 1917 (until February Revolution)

After WW2:
Took a role in establishment of UN
UN membership 1945
1991
Russian Federation (since 1991)
Vitaly Churkin
Permanent Representative in the United Nations, UN Security Council and Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the USSR and Russia

Embassies of Russian Federation
Diplomatic and consular missions of Russia in 192 States.

http://www.mid.ru/bdomp/zu_r.nsf/strawebeng!OpenView&Start=1&Count=300&Collapse=2#2

NO DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WITH
Bhutan
Solomon Islands
Approved by President of the Russian Federation V. Putin
Based on:
the Constitution of the Russian Federation

federal laws

the universally recognized principles

rules of international law

international treaties
http://www.mid.ru/bdomp/ns-osndoc.nsf/1e5f0de28fe77fdcc32575d900298676/869c9d2b87ad8014c32575d9002b1c38!OpenDocument
http://missinglink.ucsf.edu/lm/russia_guide/historyofrussia.htm
Membership in IO’s:
1991-a founding member of CIS

UN membership inherited from the USSR

Permanent Member of UN Security Council

A limited partner in NATO in May 2002

1992 -Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)

Russia is a member of 76 international organizations

http://www.indexmundi.com/russia/international_organization_participation.html
http://www.countriesquest.com/europe/russia/government/international_organizations.htm
http://www.mid.ru/bdomp/ns-osndoc.nsf/1e5f0de28fe77fdcc32575d900298676/869c9d2b87ad8014c32575d9002b1c38!OpenDocument
CASE: Syria
Since 2011
an ongoing armed conflict
part of Arab Spring
protests against President
Shift from protest to an armed rebellion
Russia vetoed western-drafted United Nations Security Council resolutions in 2011 and 2012
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-15177114
What were the reasons?
Economics:
Russia is one of Syria's biggest arms suppliers.
Ideology:
to block American efforts to shape the region.
http://edition.cnn.com/2013/08/29/world/meast/syria-iran-china-russia-supporters/
THANK YOU!
QUESTIONS ??
Russia doesn't believe revolutions, wars and regime change bring stability and democracy.
It often points to the Arab Spring and the U.S.-led war in Iraq as evidence.
"There's no proof yet Syria's government is behind the chemical weapons attack. And any plans to strike Syria would challenge provisions of the U.N. charter."
(Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov)
http://www.mercycorps.org/articles/turkey-iraq-jordan-lebanon-syria/quick-facts-what-you-need-know-about-syria-crisis
However,David Cameron said that he believes Putin is "prepared to adopt a more flexible approach on Syria." (see the article)
MID
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