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Chess merit badge
Transcript of Chess merit badge
1. The History Of Chess
Chess is one of the oldest continuously played games in history
Chess' first form, a game called Caturanga, was played in India in the 500's.
In fact, the Persian word 'Shah' (King) is where the English words for 'Chess' and 'Check' come from
From Persia it spread to the Muslim World which brought chess to Europe through Spain
From India it moved to Persia in around 600
In Europe, Chess became more of the modern game we know of
From 1000 to 1800, Chess evolved into the modern game
Around 14oo, the queen became the most powerful piece on the board. Before. playing in the modern style was called 'Mad Queen Chess'
In the 1800's, the rules became standardized and the modern sport of chess was started.
II. Benefits of Playing Chess
Chess has numerous benefits which include: Concentration, Reasoning Skills, Quick Thinking, Thinking Ahead, among many others
People who have played Chess have been:
World Leaders, NBA players, NFL players,
Buisiness Leaders and Entrepeneurs, Generals,
Kings, Emperors, Popes, and the list is endless
II.b. Rules of Chess Etiquette
Chess has a very specific set of rules when it comes to etiquette between players not just in tournaments, but all games
All Players must shake hands
both before and after the game
Between the two handshakes, no talking is permitted. “Check” need not be said. Players are responsible for noticing where all of the pieces on the board are located, and what threats are pending.
Never do anything to distract any other player in the tournament, especially your opponent.
Always use the “touch move” rule.
If an illegal move is made, the tournament director should be summoned. In a tournament using a “Sudden Death” time control, the other player receives an extra two minutes when one player makes an illegal move.
NEVER GLOAT OR BRAG OVER A VICTORY, OR BECOME DESPONDENT OR HOSTILE AFTER A DEFEAT. It is always best to analyze the game with your opponent, after the game ends, and in a different room from where you played. Leave the playing room quietly when you finish so as not to distract the other people who are still playing.
So How about that Chess Game!?!
Never comment on a game that is in progress, whether the game is yours or one that you are just watching.
The tournament director has the authority to punish breaches of etiquette, and may add or subtract time as a sanction. In extreme cases, players may be forfeited for violating the rules and spectators may be banned from the site
III.a. Names of Chess Pieces
III.b. Setting Up the Board
III.c. How Each Piece Moves
IV.b. Stages of the Game
the beginning moves of the game where players move to jockey for position on the board and to gain an opening advantage, in the opening the players try to set up for the middle game
this is when the action really starts, the players will begin serious attempts to check and checkmate, the majority of the pieces lost are lost in the middle game, players should remember that the middle game is setting up the end game.
players have few pieces remaining, pawns are extremely important in the endgame as players will try to promote them during this phase, players must be extremely careful during the endgame as decisive moves or foolish moves here can end a game, the endgame is when checkmate happens
c. Principles of Chess Openings
control the center of the board
the more pieces out, the merrier
Knights, Bishops, and Pawns are
best used to open
Trying major attacks in the Opening is
risky and could be catastrophic to your game
NEVER open with a Queen or with Rooks
d. Rules of Castling and Special Pawn Moves
e. Scholar's Mate
f. Can a Chess game end in a draw?
Yes, it can!
Ending in a draw is what is called a Stalemate and it happens when the opposing player cannot move without putting himself in check OR the game cannot be won by either side
REMEMBER: Stalemate is not a win or a loss but a draw
5a. Elements of Chess Strategy
use the other players weaknesses as your strengths, using the weaknesses of the different chess pieces to your advantage
using overwhelming force at a given area
Exploiting King Safety
exploiting the fact that at all cost players must protect their kings, also keeping your own king safe and not allowing an opponent to exploit your king’s vulnerability
pawns are very strong in a group, no pawn should be an ‘island’
keeping some pieces together and others far apart have their own advantages and disadvantages
playing at a faster tempo may increase your opponents likelihood of making a mistake and playing slower will prevent mistakes
in a timed game, all players must play with great speed, it takes an enormous amount of quick thinking to play a timed game, remember in a timed game it is the person who runs out of time that losses just as much as checkmate
Remove the Defender
Set up a chessboard with the white king on e1, the white rooks on a1 and h1, and the black king on e5. With White to move first, demonstrate how to force checkmate on the black king.
5d. Direct Mate Problems
Name: James Clove
Counselor: Jon Ward
-Chess merit badge pamphlet
-My knowledge of Chess