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Transcript of The Flute
By, Georgie Kelleher
& Grace Nicholson
The flute is the oldest instrument in the world to play notes.
The flute is the second oldest instrument in the
after the trumpet.
In the past, flutes have been made of materials including: bone, wood, glass, plastic, brass, nickel silver and gold.
George Washington, James Madison and Leonardo da Vinci all played the flute.
A musician who plays the flute can be referred to as a flute player, a flutist, or, less commonly, a fluter.
Where & When was
the Flute Introduced?
Developments of the Instrument over Time
Oboe & Flute
From the 16th Century onwards, the flute has developed into the nowadays flute. The flute was once made in one piece and it included no keys at all. At around 1670, the flute started gaining popularity and was made in three pieces including it's first key; D Sharp, which is still around today. This type of flute is nowadays called the baroque flute.
Because of the range of intonation, flutes were also available in four pieces after 1720.
The history and findings of the earliest flutes can date back to about 43,000-35,000 years ago in Germany. In China, around 3000 years ago, the first flute held sideways, was created. The flute was used by Egyptians and Sumerians thousands of years ago.
Flutes came from recorders and were once made of wood. In the early 1900's, the first silver flute was made.
The instruments vary mainly in playing position, sound quality, range and whether or not they have a reed. They also differ in the material they are made of, the colour, tone, shape and key work used by each instrument.
Diagram of the Flute
The flute is a member of the Woodwind Family which has at least 15 instruments in the group. The Wood Wind Family has one of the oldest instruments in it... the flute.
Positioning of the Flute
in the Orchestra
First of all, the
is a double reed instrument and the
uses a mouth piece. The instruments also differ in their appearance as of their shape, keys and holes. The playing of the instruments is another noticeable difference. The
is played vertically whilst the
is played horizontally. As of the sound quality, the
can be very loud and duck-like or warm, and the
can be either piercing or mellow.
Songs Using the Flute
1. You've Got to Hide Your Love Away- The Beatles
2. Ruby Tuesday- Rolling Stones
3. Solitude- Black Sabbath
4. Magic- Cold Play
5. Gas Panic- Oasis
6. Moon Dance- Van Morrison
Appearance and Producing Sound...
The flute is either held horizontally or vertically. It has a large number of keys and holes which contribute to the pitch. The materials used to construct vary and there are many types of the flute.
To produce sound, the player blows into the opening at the top of the instrument. This blowing causes the air, enclosed in the tube, to vibrate. To change the pitch, you simply lift up fingers or cover up more holes.