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World at 1500

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by

Heather Newlin

on 18 August 2014

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Transcript of World at 1500

World at 1500
European Empires
By 1500 AD, several major
states and Empires existed
around the world
Major States & Empires
France
Spain
Portugal
Russia
Italy
Britain
The Ottoman Empire
Location:
-Spanned 3 Continents:
South Eastern Europe (Balkan Peninsula)
Western Asia (Middle East)
North Africa
Capital at Istanbul (previously named Constantinople)
Developments:
-Modern Turkey was center of the Empire
-Served as a center of interaction between
the eastern and western worlds
Islam as a unifying force
Traded in Coffee
and ceramics
The Persian Empire
Located :
Islamic
Linked the Ottoman and Mughal Empires
Persia provided both the territorial and societal foundations of modern Iran.
Mughal Empire
Descendants of the Mongols, the Muslim Mughals established an empire in Northern India
Contributions:
Spread of Islam into India
development of art and architecture (Taj Mahal)
Arrival of European Trading Posts
Trade with other nations
Portugal and England development coastal trading ports to compete for economic power in the Indian Ocean
Trade Goods:
Silks
Spices
Gems
East Asia
China & the Ming Dynasty
Located in modern day China
Practiced Buddhism and Hinduism
Government included civil servants, Confucian learning, and censors
Created foreign enclaves to control trade
Spheres of Influence
increase of European demand for Chinese goods
Trade Policies
Japan
powerless emperor
controlled by military shogun
isolation policy
Songhai
Largest empire in Africa
Islamic
South America
Aztec
Incan
Trade Patterns
Linked Mediterranean to Asia
Silk Road
Who traded ?
China & Europe
What did they trade?
Silk, porcelain, coffee from the Ottoman Empire
Maritime Indian Ocean Trade Routes
Who traded ?
Europe & Asia
What did they trade?
Textiles, Gold & Spices
Trans-Saharan
Who traded ?
North African Muslims (Ottoman) & West Africans (Songhai)
What did they trade?
Gold & Salt to N. Africa
Cloth, Swords & Metal to W. Africa
Black Sea
Who traded ?
Istanbul (Ottoman) & Northern Europeans
What did they trade?
Agricultural goods, furs, slaves from the North, for spices, copper, gems, & spices
Western European sea and river
trade
Who traded ?
European States
What did they trade?
Iron, furs, textiles, silver, coal, wine
South China Sea
Who traded ?
India & S. East Asia
What did they trade?
Spices, sugar, tapestries, silk
Scientific Transfers
Medicine, Astronomy, Mathematics, a numeral system, paper and the compass
Britain
France
Russia
Spain
Italy
Portugal
Full transcript