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BINARY ACIDS

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by

Marta Kajkowska

on 16 January 2015

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Transcript of BINARY ACIDS

Hydrochloric acid
Properties:
►strong acid,
►clear,
►colorless,
►liquid,
►fuming in the air,
►corrosive.

Hydrofluoric acid
Properties:
►liquid,
►fuming in the air,
►pungent, suffocating odor
►highly toxic,
►germicidal.
Hydrosulfuric acid
Properties:
►liquid,
►colorless,
►toxic,
►smells like rotten eggs.
BINARY ACIDS
Binary acids -
certain molecular compounds in which hydrogen is combined with a second nonmetallic element.
Hydrobromic acid
Properties:
►liquid,
►colorless or faint yellow,
►pungent odor,
►one of the strongest mineral acids known.
Marta Kajkowska 2a
binary acid - kwas beztlenowy
compound - związek chemiczny
combined - połączony
nonmetallic - niemetaliczny
Applications:
It is used in the chemical, textile, plastics, tanning, sugar and pharmaceutical industry, in the production of dyes and as a medicine for hypoacidity.

inorganic - nieorganiczny
two-component - dwu-składnikowy
industry - przemysł
textile - włókienniczy
hypoacidity - niedokwasota
corrosive - żrący
Applications:
It is a component of the medicinal waters. H2S is used in the production of sulfur and of chemical depilatories. It is used for the detection of certain metal ions.
component - składnik
detection - wykrywanie
germicidal - bakteriobójczy
etching glass - trawienie szkła
gasoline - benzyna
silicates - krzemiany (sole kwasu krzemowego)
pungent - gryzący
suffocating - duszący
germicidal - bakteriobójczy
Applications:
It is used for etching glass, as a catalyst during the preparation of synthetic high octane gasoline and chemical analysis of silicates. It's dilute solution is used for disinfection.
Applications:
It is used for the production of inorganic bromides and in veterinary.

faint yellow - bladożółty
Hydroiodic acid
properties:
►liquid,
►colorless,
►strong acid (stronger than hydrochloric and hydrobromic),
►fugacious.
fugacious - nietrwały
Applications:
It is used in medicine, chemical analysis and for disinfection.
Hydrocyanic acid
Properties:
►liquid,
►smells like almonds,
►fuming in the air,
►highly toxic.
Applications:
It is used as a toxic gas.
Thiocyanic acid
Properties:
►oily liquid,
►colorless,
►pungent odor,
Full transcript