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Egypt: Folk and Popular Culture
Transcript of Egypt: Folk and Popular Culture
Nicole Rodriguez Egyptian Folk and Popular Culture Demographics Population: 83,688,164
Nile Valley and Delta
Sinai Peninsula- mountains & plateau Demographics Religions:
Muslim (Sunnis) (90%)
French Folk Music Music began during the 7th century in Syria (Umayyad dynasty)
Influenced by Byzantine, Indian, Persian, Greek and Semitic forms.
Main form of music- Arabic music form- unaccented beats and rests.
Enjoyed by all social classes
Instruments: ouds, lyres, flutes, double clarinets, percussion instruments, lyres, lutes, cymbals Topographical Map
Influence Used materials around where they lived for instruments. They used reeds and wooden materials. Folk Music Religious music-essential still today
liturgical music, Copt Christianity
varied- saiyidi and swahili
Folk music is also highly integrated into modern music. Citations http://worldmusic.nationalgeographic.com/view/page.basic/country/content.country/egypt_39 Folk Dance Raqs Sharqi is the main form of folk dance in Egypt.
It began during the pre Islamic era and has been passed down and taught within families as a social custom.
Music and dance have largely been linked together, where mainly nonvocal music is created to be danced to.
The mixture of ballet and belly dancing incorporates movements that reflect nature and the environment. Folk Entertainment Main sources of entertainment were music and dance. Most rituals and ceremonies performed in Egypt were highly revolved around them.
Banquets also included acrobatics, wrestling, history telling and myth telling. Folk Entertainment Entertainment also included dolls and animal figurines for children while adults played board games, the most popular being senet, which is still played today.
Senet most resembles what checkers is today. Environmental Influence The colors used for senet and the materials for the toys were used out of materials that surrounded the region in which they lived. The music was influenced by the instruments they could make with the products from nature Bread is part of daily diet
Tea is part of social etiquette
Garlic and onion are frequently used
Consumption of meat is an indicator of wealth
Legumes and vegetables are a staple of the daily diet
Food is prepared in the house Environmental
Impact Nile Valley and Delta produce large quantities of high-quality crops so legumes and vegetables are a staple of the daily diet Public modesty is stressed
must be completely covered except hands and face
black outer dresses over brightly colored house dresses (Galabia)
wide trousers as underclothing
wear their dowry (jewelry) Environmental
Impact Clothes are loose because of the hot weather
Turban is worn by men because they work out in the hot sun every day and during dust storms they cover their faces with the scarves In cities, people sit around Western-style dining tables and each person has their own plate, spoon, fork, and knife
Main meals in Western influenced areas are eaten after office workers return home in the late afternoon Men and women have the option to wear all the modern fashion
There are American fast food restaurants in the country, as well as banks owned by the British, and French restaurants http://www.arabicmusicarchives.com/Arabic%20Music%20Titles/Egypt/music_of_egypt.html http://www.elementalegyptiandance.com.au/page/culture/about_egyptian_dance/essay/
http://raghdabayoumy.tripod.com/Traditional%20Food%20and%20Clothing.htm http://www.our-food-recipes.com/ancient-egyptian-food-recipes.html Food Clothing Men:
Long, loose robe (Gallibaya)
Scarf wound like a turban
Wool jacket in winter
Both men and women wear jewelry from gold, silver, and precious stones as signs of luck Clothing Global Culture Effects Global Culture Effects Women's Galabia Men's Gallibaya Folk Sports Football (soccer) is the most popular sport
Handball originated in Egypt during the 11th century and due to environmental factors has transformed into beach handball.
Speed ball originated in Egypt in the 1960s.
How it’s played: The player hits the ball to turn around the pole and hit it back again and so on for a fixed time. Referee will count his hits per that time.
The game is played in different variations: Right hand play, Left hand play, two hands forehand, and two hands backhand. It can either be played in singles or doubles. Folk Art Traditions . Folk painting on house walls is well-known in rural Egypt
Hieroglyphs are still used today. They are an array of pictures and symbols, some of which had independent meanings, used in combinations
Egyptian folk art is rich in symbolism, bright color and lavish ornamentation.
Geometric and star-shaped ornamentation, mosaics, engraving, hand-woven tapestries and religious influenced art are popular folk art traditions. Environmental Influence Paintings are able to survive longer due to the dry climate which is how many traditions such of showing profile view and side views of people and animals have survived since Ancient Egyptian times Folk Housing Used both sun-dried and kiln-baked bricks, fine sandstone, granite and limestone.
Scarcity of trees prevented the use of woods as building materials
Windows and doors on the house were covered with mats to keep out the flies, dust, and heat.
Shortage of land to build on so, the townhouses were usually two or three stories high
Hieroglyphic and pictorial carvings were widely used to adorn the structures. Raqs Sharqi Contemporary Lyre Traditional