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Transcript of Critical Literacy
Founder Paulo Freire's "Pedagogy of the Oppressed" advocates the problems with a dominating teacher model.
The idea of "praxis" aka informed action which leads to freedom from oppression when a balance of theory and practice is achieved.
The idea of "banking" in which students are seen as empty bank accounts for teachers to fill is wrong and dehumanizing. Instead, a more worldly approach works
Being aware of one's incompleteness and work to become whole (conscientization)
Classrooms using Critical Literacy advocate:
Student's read the works and viewpoints of the oppressed, victimized, and silenced people to broaden their views on society.
Students become "active" learners and debate with themselves and their instructor. Roles can be switched.
The Main Idea
Strengths and Weakness
Supplementary Literature offers students the chance to explore popular culture in learning. -- Dalton
Applying Critical Literacy to English, History, and Art students.
Methods and Models
Reading Supplementary Texts (Multiliteracies)
Text to World Connections
Song lyrics, News Articles, Ads
Students look for "Hidden Agendas"
Reading Multiple Texts
One theme, numerous stories
Exerts from long novels
Text to Text Connections
Reading from a Resistant Perspective
Reading non-Euro centric literature
Hate Literature (Mature Students)
Propaganda, Anti-American (ISIS)
Encourage students to write
Students empower their own opinions
Text to Self connections
By Dalton Woodward, Sarah Richards, Niki Jacob, Chrissy Dustman
Critical Literacy is crucial for English because students need to know how analyze text on a deeper level to fully comprehend that text. Critical literacy is how we understand what is around us. Moreover, we can understand people and situations with which we are unfamiliar.
History is full of loop holes
and hidden information. In
order to better sway
patriotism and nationalism
in our young students text-
books constantly leave out
information that would
discredit American society.
Critical literacy would
benefit history courses
by allowing students to
read opinions and ideologies
by other civilizations such as
communist, dictatorships, socialist
and pacifist societies.
Having students produce their own works can be beneficial but students perspectives/opinions may be as problematic as the dominant culture's. -Dalton
Critical literacy is thought to be the key to empowerment of minority students as it helps them identify their place in society through thoughtful discussion and reflection.
For Example: Take
" into an Art Classroom where ethnicity and culture are an integral part of each child's life, the results is a classroom that learns to respect the opinions of others, and to be sensitive of others.
Critical Literacy in the Art Room builds on the multicultural education platform.
DID YOU KNOW?
Graffiti can be traced back to ancient times as has been observed in the Catacombs of Rome and the Pompeii. However, modern graffiti can be traced back to the ancient Greek city of Ephesus.
ABOUT THE PICTURE!
Graffiti artist Shepard Fairey, born in South Carolina. Created the HOPE graffiti artwork in 2008, during President Obama's campaign. His artwork is featured in the Smithsonian and the Museum of Modern Art in NY.
"Graffiti" is plural for "graffito". Italian = scratch
Teachers can use lyrics from popular music as supplementary texts in order to engage students in discussion about race, gender, religion, politics, etc. OR Teachers can use popular songs to show students how to make connections between the popular media and political issues. -- Niki
How exactly do we know how each teachers in every state will teach our children? -- Niki
Whose side of the argument is each teacher and will they allow our children to make their own decisions or will they try to sway them towards their views? -- Niki
Students may find additional texts with similar themes to be more intrusting and connect that to the original text. -chrissy
Some students may feel uncomfortable reading text that has been banned for personal reasons.
Banned books can be seen as "romantic."
i.e. Against societal norms and regulations
Contain radical viewpoints
Realizing cultures different from your own
Making connections to text
Developing new opinions/ideas
Students can find their own cultural identity in the texts from people who have been oppressed. Through that, they can find strength and hold new ties to people or cultures that they never knew before. -Sarah
With this theory having controversial material, some students may be offended. This could take a turn in the classroom. It must be heavily monitored. -Sarah