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Transcript of Hawaii
In 1819, three natives from Hawaii, part of Donald McKenzie's fur-trapping expedition, were sent to trap a large stream that emptied into the Snake River. When they did not return, McKenzie investigated and found one man murdered in camp and no sign of the others. He named the creek and the area Owyhee in honor of the three Hawaiians.
Volcanoes National Park
• Mauna Loa is the largest volcano on Earth.
• Kilauea is the most active of the five volcanoes that form the island of Hawaiʻi.
• Mauna Kea is the tallest mountain in the Pacific Ocean at 13,400 feet. From the bottom of the ocean floor to the top of the mountain, Mauna Kea rises 31,000 (which is 4,000 feet taller than Mount Everest).
• There are 12 Astronomical Observatories on the top of Mauna Kea.
• Although there is some debate as to the precise year of his birth, Hawaiian legend claimed that a great king would one day unite the islands, and that the sign of his birth would be a comet. Halley's Comet was visible from Hawaiʻi in 1758 and it is likely Kamehameha was born shortly after its appearance.
• The present king of Hawaiʻi at that time was angry when the kahuna (priest) told him that the child born would become "the slayer of chiefs." King Kamehameha escaped as a child and was raised in Waipi’o Valley. It was the capital and permanent residence of many early Hawaiian aliʻi (kings).
• Five years after his birth he was invited back to live with his family.
• According to legend, Kamehameha lifted the 5,000-pound stone at age 14, and was the only person to ever lift it. The legend that goes with this particular stone is that the man who lifted it was the prophesied warrior who would unite all of the islands.
Waimea and Paniolo Country
• In 1893, George Vancouver gave one bull and four cows to King Kamehameha.
• By 1805, cattle ran rampant over the big island, so King Kamehameha hired three Spanish Vaqueros from Monterrey, California. The Spaniards (or Espanola) taught the native Hawaiians techniques to tame the cattle. In honor of their teachers, the Hawaiian cowboys were called Spaniards or Espanola. Because there is no S in the Hawaiian language Espanola was shortened to Paniolo.
Owyheeans in Hawaii
Puuhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park- Place of Refuge
• It was once the home of royal grounds and a place of refuge for ancient Hawaiian lawbreakers.
• Kapu, or sacred laws, were of utmost importance to Hawaiian culture and the breaking of kapu could mean death. A kapu-breaker's only chance for survival was to evade his pursuers and make it to a puuhonua, or a sacred place of refuge. Once there, a ceremony of absolution would take place and the law-breaker would be able to return to society.
Owyhee County, Idaho
• Early Paniolos would rope each steer ready for market and drag them to a long boat. The long boat would row eight steers at a time to a freighter. The freighter would then haul the cattle to Oahu to an ocean bound freighter were the steers were transported to the mainland through Canada. Docks were built in the 1950’s.
• Today, cattle ranching is still a viable industry in Hawaii. In fact, two of the biggest ranches in the United States are located on the Big Island of Hawaii.
• Lōʻihi Seamount is an active submarine volcano located around 22 mi off the southeast coast of the island of Hawaiʻi about 3,000 ft. below sea level. Lōʻihi began forming around 400,000 years ago and is expected to begin emerging above sea level about 10,000–100,000 years from now. At its summit, Lōʻihi Seamount stands more than 10,000 ft. above the seafloor, making it taller than Mount St. Helens was before its catastrophic 1980 eruption. In the summer of 1996, a swarm of 4,070 earthquakes was recorded at Lōʻihi. This series included more earthquakes than any other swarm in Hawaiian recorded history. Lōʻihi last erupted in 1996, before the earthquake swarm of that summer.