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Anciant Greece

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borna naderi

on 18 June 2013

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Transcript of Anciant Greece

What is the history of Troy

and what is the Trojan war?


Troy was an ancient city in Asia Minor (now part of Turkey). Troy was made famous in the legends of ancient Greece. It was so famous that it got mentioned in many poems.
Scientists believe that Troy was founded about 3000 B.C. Experts have found that nine cities were built on the site of Troy. Each city was built on the ruins of the one before it. Scientists believe that Troy fell between 1200 and 1184 B.C.
After troy winning and taking the most beautiful women in a beauty contest in Greece, The Greek army sailed to Troy. The Greeks surrounded the city but could not capture it. The Greeks built a large wooden horse and hid some soldiers inside it. They put the horse outside the walls of Troy.the Trojans thought it was a gift so they pulled the horse inside the city. The Greek soldiers came out of the horse that night, killed most of the Trojans, and burned the city, ending the Trojan War.Also the great warrior of Greece Achille was killed. Acording to the myths, He was so power full which nobody could defeat him until he got defeated by getting shot 7 times by an archer.
Who were the ancient greeks and what were the basic important things back then?

The Trojan war
simulation of the city troy

Greeks families and friends(gender)

In Ancient Greece, family ties were strong. Up to three generations might share a home, though in later periods in Ancient Greece, sons usually started their own households after they married. If one member of a family got into trouble, it brought shame and punishment to others in the family. The children and grandchildren of criminals lost their political rights just as the criminals themselves did. A father and his close relatives formed the heart of Greek families. The father ruled the household, and laws protected his right to control the others. A mother's main duty was raising the children. When a father died, his property was divided among his sons.
Having children was a woman's main function. Childbirth, however, could be dangerous. Doctors did not have drugs to prevent illnesses or surgical tools to aid in difficult births. Many women died
while giving birth, and for about every four children born, fewer than three reached


In Ancient Greece, wars gave men a chance to prove their bravery and serve the city. In early time, The best warriors fought each other in duels—one man against another. The regular soldiers threw javelins or fired arrows at each other. As the city-states grew, they raised larger armies. These armies included soldiers on horseback—and archers. But the most powerful part of the Greek army was the infantry, or foot soldiers

Shelter and Clothing
Ancient Greek clothing was typically homemade and the same piece of that fabric was used in garments or blanket.Generally Greece had a warm climate so Most homes were built of dried mud bricks placed on a base of stones. Because the weather was usually warm, people did many things outside. The home of a rich person often had more rooms than that of a poor person. This was especially true outside of a city, where there was more land available.
Inside the Home
In most Greek homes, the rooms surrounded a courtyard, where residents took fresh air and did many of their chores. Larger homes had separate kitchens and bathrooms. Spartan homes, in general, were smaller and simpler than ones in Athens or other city-states.In greeks house the roof was made out of clay the same with their floors.they had some small holes on their roof for the chimney. In some rich houses sometimes tyhe floor was made out of stone.Also they got their water from rivers and wells.
What education did the Ancient Greeks recieve and what were they about?

Education in Greece

Education in Ancient Greece was very different to todays education. Ancient Greece was divided into city states and different parts of Ancient Greece had different education. For example the Spartans had education to go, train in the army and go to war. While the Athenians had education to go to school and got good grades but if you were to compare this to the Spartans, they are very different. They were very different because the Athenians could read and write but did not have a good army while the Spartans have a good army, but could not read or write. Most children would start their education at the age of 7.One school focused on Literature, reading, writing, science and mathematics. Other schools taught music, drama, pottery, painting, sculpture and physical education. One important goal of education was to produce citizens who maintained good ethics and followed traditions.
However At these and similar schools, students studied law, medicine, or philosophy too. Young men also received military training so they could help defend their city-state.
The earliest Greek plays were performed at festivals for Dionysus, the god of wine. The Greeks originally sang and danced to honor him; then they began telling stories on a stage. The first of these were tragedies—stories, often based on myths, about people who faced difficult choices and came to an unhappy end.the greeks also had comedy.
greeks had a lot of ceremonies and festivals.usually they were about sacrifices and myths.
Pottery, Painting
Greek artists werefamouse for their pottery. These artists made everyday items out of clay, including vases, jugs, bowls, lamps, and jars. They then decorated them with intricate designs and paintings. Pottery offers some of the best examples of Greek painting styles, since many wall paintings have not survived.Early Greek potters painted their work with shapes and lines. During the 600's B.C., they began showing scenes from myths or from daily life, such as animal hunts. Some Greek artists also painted large works on the walls of buildings. Most that survive were made on the insides walls of tombs. Greek painters tried to show human expressions, and some of their best works were later copied by Roman artists.
The Greeks learned sculpting skills from the Egyptians and the persians. Greek sculptors made their works out
of clay, wood, marble, and bronze. Few bronze sculptures remain today, because they were later melted down. Many Greek
works are known because later Roman artists copied the statues inmarble, which is much more durable.
Ancient Greeks
Ancient greeks belonged to the periods of 8th to 6th.however they were famous because of thir Massive buildings, great works of art, words that make people laugh or cry—the ancient Greeks left behind all these achievements and more. Although they lived more than 2,000 years ago, the Greeks' role in world history is still felt today.The ancient Greeks were based in what is now the nation of Greece. They also lived in southern Italy, western Turkey, and other areas along the Mediterranean, Aegean, and Black Seas. For hundreds of years, most Greeks lived in city-states consisting of a main city surrounded by smaller villages and farms. The Greek city-states were independent—each ran its own rules. The residents of the different cities shared a similar language, culture, and religion. Sometimes the city-states battled each other.
Farming and food
The climate of Greece was good for growing wheat and barley. Greek farmers also raised olives, figs, beans, nuts, and grapes. Some olives were turned into olive oil, and grapes were turned into wine. Families also had small vegetable gardens.Greek farmers raised food and clothing. Sheep and goats gave them meat sheep also provided wool for clothing, and the goats gave milk that was turned into cheese. Also only the richest farmers raised cattle and horses, which needed much more grazing land than did sheep and goat. Greeks had 3 meals a day and they mostly drank wine with a
lot of grains.
Through the centuries, the ancient Greeks lived under different forms of government. After they got to a lot of power they would get killed.

The Greeks believed that the 12 most powerful gods lived on Mount Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece. Each of these gods, as well as the lesser gods, had certain interests or powers.Also there were a lot of myths about the action of the gods too.
In Ancient Greece they had a lot
of Sacrifices and religious ceremonies.They usually did these ceremonies to honour the gods.

Temples, Tombs, and Other Structures
Beginning in the 700's B.C., the Greeks began replacing wooden temples with brick or marble ones. The most famous of these is the Parthenon, a temple dedicated to Athena built on the Acropolis.Also there are other beuatiful monuments in the ancient greece world.
Styles of Temples
The Greeks developed three major orders, or styles, for temples. Each used its own type of column and building details.
Trojan Horse
the trojan hoarse was a monument in the shape of a horse which the greeks made. They hid in the horse and whent the trojans took
it inside the
palace they attacked.
Greece has a very rich tradition in trading. The introduction of trade into the Greek culture was one of the most defining points in the history of ancient Greece. Also greece traded with outher counteries because they were very active.Goods which were traded within Greece between different city-states included cereals, wine, olives, cheese, honey, meat (especially from sheep and goats), tools ( knives), perfumes, and fine pottery.

Music and dance were important part of the greek life.
People sang played, and danced at religious ceremonies.
Music was used to pleasure and entertainment at family ceremonies and celebrations too.The popular instrument in ancient greece were the pipes. They were wind instruments such as a clarinet.
Health and Medicine

When the flu hit or their bodies, the Greeks turned to the gods for help. The Greeks thought that snakes had healing powers. In ancient Greece, the sick also sometimes wore charms or chanted special words thought to have magical healing powers.During the 400's B.C., a physician named Hippocrates on the island of Cos became one of the first Greeks to think of medicine as a science, and not part of religion. He believed that something in nature caused disease and that natural could also be a heeling medicine.Hippocrates thought that the human body was made of four main liquids, which he called humors. If these liquids were not balanced correctly, people became ill. He also thought doctors should learn from the writings of other doctors and from what they observed in their patients. Hippocrates believed that in many cases, the body could cure itself over time
Laws, Crime, and Punishment

In ancient Greece, each city had its own set of laws and form of government. Zaleucus, in Italy, is said to have created the first written Greek law code around 650 B.C. The law code was written during the 400's B.C. but was probably based on much older laws.

Science, Math, and Technology

The interest of the great Greek philosophers in the world and ways of thinking led to changes in science and mathematics. The Greek philosophers believed that the world had laws that were always true and that human beings could discover them by observing the world and using their minds. They studied plants and animals, helping to create the science of biology. He grouped living things together based on their looks and habits. Hippocrates helped make medicine a science by observing patients' behavior and what helped them get better. Democritus thought that the whole world was made up of tiny particles called atoms. Other Greeks rejected this, but his idea was later shown to be true.The Egyptians and other ancient people used numbers to count.Persians discovered algebra. The Greeks, however, went further in developing some branches of mathematics. They tried to find relationships between numbers and how they applied to the world. Also the ones which studied geomatry find out about lines, angles, and curves. So did Pythagoras, who taught that numbers were vital to all things. Euclid , who lived around 300 B.C., wrote a geometry textbook. He took accepted mathematical facts and used them to prove earlier ideas about geometry and solve problems.
Ancient Greek Language,
(writing and reading)

The Greeks created their first known literature, starting with epic poems. These poems were long tales of Greek heroes and god
Education was very vital in Ancient Greece.The Ancient Greeks were one of the first people to read and write with an Alphabet, which eventually led to all modern languages.The Ancient Greek Language has different theories.Mostly writting was used to record history and reading as finding information.Such as finding about law.
How Did the Ancient Greece Empire Fall?
the fall of greece
Ancient Greece at the time was a small Empire And so was Macedonia. Instead of joining alliences and becoming a Bigger empire they faught and quarreled with each other. As expected the Romans invaded and took over.The Strong Roman Empire Easily took over
Greece adn macedonia along with others. Athens,Thehes, Sparta, and other greek states, like macedonia became parts of the great Roman empire.
what is the significance of Archimedes principle of Buoyancy?
Archemedes Buoancy discovery explains
how Ships that weigh tons can float on water.
Buoancy =(density of object-density of fluid)
x (volume of displaced fluid).
Any object on water has a certain amount of weight. Heavy objects forexample cruiseliners, freighters and worships have to displace enought water to float. If you look at a ship in a harbor you will be seeing only a fraction of the ship. The rest is underwater. The part of the ship that is underwater is displacing or pushing water away. tThen the presure of the water pushing against the boat makes
it float.
Withought this principle how would we have boats and heavy ships that can float. Navel architects have to considor this principle to build and design boats.
Why was Alexander the great so great?
First of all philosopy means lovers of knowledge. philosophy was all about questions and it intracted with
biology, mathematics and geography.
Fore example one famouse philosopher believed that
the earth was not flat he believed it was
round and over it got proven
At this point of the presentation you will see a video
about how the human rights started and got passed on
to the unitated nations.

Greece is a small country where European civilization started about 2,500 years ago. It has a population of 10,706290 (2007). Greece has many islands and that makes them to gather lot of tourists visit their old monuments.Athens is the capital and the largest city of Greece. In Athens and many other parts of Greece, magnificent ruins stand as monuments to the nation's glorious past.
About one-tenth of the workers in Greece earn their living by farming. Agriculture is an important economic activity. But mountains cover most of Greece. The land is rocky with little fertile soil. A Greek legend tells that God sifted the earth through a strainer while making the world. He made one country after another with the good soil that sifted through.
This is the contemporary
flag of Greece.
thank you for watching we hope you enjoyed it. This presentation was done by
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Alexander the great was one of the greatest Alexander III of Macedon, better known as Alexander the Great, single-handedly changed the nature of the ancient world in little more than a decade. Alexander was born in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia in July 356 BC. His parents were Philip II of Macedon and his wife Olympias. Alexander was educated by the philosopher Aristotle. Philip was assassinated in 336 BC and Alexander inherited a powerful yet volatile kingdom. He quickly dealt with his enemies at home and reasserted Macedonian power within Greece. He then set out to conquer the massive Persian Empire.

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