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The Flora and Fauna of the United Arab Emirates

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Maks Jaremko

on 10 February 2014

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Transcript of The Flora and Fauna of the United Arab Emirates

The Flora and Fauna of the U.A.E.
Animals include: Fennec Foxes, Harpy Eagles, Houbara Bustard, dugong ( sea cow).
Plants in the U.A.E. include: Acacias, Eucalyptus trees, Palm trees, and Tamarisk trees.
Animals in the U.A.E. include: Arabian tahr, Arabian leopard, sand gazelle, spiny-tailed lizard, and the Arabian mountain gazelle.
Desert animals: Arabian tahr, Arabian leopard, sand gazelle, spiny-tailed lizard, and the Arabian mountain gazelle.
Endangered plants and animals in the U.A.E.
Flora of the United Arab Emirates
Fauna of the United Arab Emirates
What Flora and Fauna are in your countries specific ecosystems?
Ecosystems in the U.A.E
Located in the arid tropical zone extending across Asia and northern Africa, the UAE's major terrestrial habitat is sandy desert that supports varying amounts of sparse seasonal vegetation. Abu Dhabi Emirate includes the northwestern part of the Earth's largest sand desert - the 'Empty Quarter' or Rub al Khali. Massive forestry operations are underway to green the UAE's deserts. Farms are also being developed to provide subsidized income to local populations.
Sea and Coast
The Arabian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, both part of WWF's Global 200 (Eco-region 232: Arabian Sea), have some ecosystems of biodiversity value associated with them. These are islands, coral reefs, sea grasses, intertidal areas, salt marshes, 'khors' (tidal inlets) and mangroves.
Permanent freshwater is scarce in the UAE. However, some running water persists through the year in deep gorges of 'wadis' (valleys) in the mountains. Apart from 'wadis,' there are 'sabkhas' (salt flats, on which rain water may sometimes stagnate) and artificial lakes that constitute freshwater wetland ecosystems.
'Sabkhas' of UAE are the world's best developed and largest. Most of the UAE's wetlands - marine, coastal and freshwater - are described in A Directory of Wetlands in the Middle East.

The Hajjar Mountains, forming a barrier in the west of the UAE, act as a rain catchment area. Run-off from the range is the only source that replenishes groundwater. Wildlife adapted to mountain systems and their freshwater habitats - pools, 'wadis' and springs - consist of dragonfly, toad and fish species. Also, the very rugged nature of the mountains makes them a perfect refuge for discrete or persecuted wildlife such as the Arabian leopard and the endemic Arabian tahr. Another Global 200 is represented in the UAE -Ecoregion 127: Arabian Highland Woodlands and Shrublands, shared with Oman, Saudi Arabia and Yemen.
Plants include: Pitcher plant, nipah plant
Desert Plants: Acacias, Eucalyptus trees, Palm trees, and Tamarisk trees.
A video on the Flora and Fauna in the Khor Kalba Protected Area
Full transcript