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Cyprus SCORE presentation

Introduction to the Social Cohesion and Reconciliation Index
by

Georgios Filippou

on 19 August 2013

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Transcript of Cyprus SCORE presentation

The Cyprus
Social Cohesion and Reconciliation Index


TOTAL
Sample
= 667
= 553
= 49
variable frequencies
Civic engagement
Trust and sense of
representativeness
in institutions
Cultural
Distance
Social Threats
Stereotypes
Intergroup anxiety
Trust
Feelings
Social Distance
Civic engagement
Trust and sense of
representativeness
in institutions
Cultural
Distance
Social Threats
Stereotypes
Intergroup anxiety
Trust
Feelings
Social Distance
Civic engagement
Trust and sense of
representativeness
in institutions
Cultural
Distance
Social Threats
Stereotypes
Intergroup anxiety
Trust
Feelings
Social Distance
Limassol
= 186/667
= 13
Demographics
Pafos
Larnaca
Paphos
Limassol
Larnaca
Famagusta
Famagusta
Kyrenia
Nicosia
Nicosia
Morphou
Morphou
Kyrenia
Karpasia
Karpasia


Limassol
Conceptual Framework
Pafos
Larnaca
Paphos
Limassol
Famagusta
Famagusta
Kyrenia
Nicosia
Nicosia
Morphou
Morphou
Kyrenia
Karpasia
Karpasia
TOTAL
Sample
Comparative Analysis
Focusing on Greek Cypriot to Turkish Cypriot relations...
Larnaca
= 256
= 13
= 241/553

Limassol
Reconciliation
Pafos
Larnaca
Famagusta
Kyrenia
Nicosia
Morphou
Morphou
Kyrenia
Karpasia
Limassol
3.71
Paphos
2.44
Larnaca
2.94
Famagusta
3.15
2.21
2.01
Nicosia
0.56
2.36
1.74
2.81
Negative
Stereotypes
Social
Anxiety
Social
Threats
Social
Distance
+.51
+.52
+.49
+.55
+.61
+.77
+.19
+.92
+.68
Frequency
of
contact
-.17
Trust
Risk
of
conflict
-.42
+.24
2.01
map
Comparative analysis
*Composite item based on the aggregate mean values of the 3 variables above. (a'= .718)
Read information (from various sources) about the public/political affairs in Cyprus?
Engage in discussions about public affairs/politics of Cyprus with other people?
Attend meetings of a Cypriot political party and /or trade union?
Participate in public demonstrations supporting causes you believe in?

Watch the local news on TV for information on politics and current events?
Listen to news about politics and current events on the radio?
Read a newspaper for information on politics and current events?
Read news on the Internet about politics and current events?

Donate money for a social cause or to help the disadvantaged?
Engage in discussions or activities with the intention of helping the disadvantaged?
Attend to activities or events of a volunteer association?
Dedicate your personal time to help organize/attend an event for a social cause?
Trust the police force in Cyprus?
Feel represented by the political system in Cyprus?
Trust the politicians in Cyprus?
Feel you are part of the governmental decision-making processes in Cyprus?
Trust political and governmental institutions in general?
Feel your concerns and interests are being represented in parliament?
Cultural Distance
Very
Close
Very Distant
NOT threatening
VERY threatening
Which groups do you feel close to you and which groups do you feel distant from you in terms of: Values, Customs and habits, Spiritual beliefs, etc
Do you believe that sharing the same space and interacting with the following groups will: gradually corrupt the religious values/
mean less job opportunities/gradually degrade the language/increase criminal rates/diminish the purity of blood/damage the economic development
Cultural Distance
Karpasia
Greek Cypriot
Intergroup Anxiety
How would you feel if you were all by yourself among people from different groups. Would you feel calm, distressed, peaceful, danger, relaxed
Greek Cypriot
To what extend do you think that members of this group are:
friendly/lazy/intelligent/hard working/filthy/violent?
LOW
HIGH
Greek Cypriot
Which groups do you believe are trustworthy and which are not trustworthy?
UNTRUSTWORTHY
TRUSTWORTHY
Greek Cypriot
On a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 means "very negative" and 10 means "very positive", please circle the number that best represents how you feel toward each group.
VERY
Negative
VERY
Positive
Greek Cypriot
Would you accept:
having members of these groups as close relatives by marriage?
seeing a close friend of yours in a personal relationship with members of the following groups?
having members of the following groups as close personal friends?
having members of the following groups as next door neighbors?
having members of the following groups as co-workers?
having a member of the following groups as your boss or supervisor?

HIGH Social Acceptance
LOW Social
Acceptance
Mistrust toward
the EU
T-test did not reveal any statistically significant mean differences between the two groups.
There was a significant difference in the scores for Greek Cypriot (M=1.93, SD=.59) and Turkish Cypriot (M=1.83, SD=.60) conditions; t(1198)=3.07, p = 0.002.
These results suggest that, although seemingly similar, the distribution between the two communities is significantly different, with the Greek Cypriot community having higher overall values.
Greek Cypriot feel more distant from the Turkish Cypriot, than the other way around
Greek Cypriot, experience significantly higher levels of social threats from the Turkish Cypriot, than the other way around.
For Greek Cypriot, the Turks are the least favorable group
Interestingly, they also feel distant from other groups which theoretically are considered to be fully integrated.
The most remote groups are Turks and Asian/African
For Turkish Cypriot, Greek Cypriot is the second closest group, after the Turks. All the other groups are almost equally far
Turks and Asian/African are perceived as the most threatening groups
Seemingly integrated groups (Armenian, Maronite, Latin) are reported as above the average threatening.
For Turkish Cypriot, the Greek Cypriot are seen as the second less threattening group after the Turks.
The other groups are closely linked.
The Greek Cypriot report higher mean values of negative stereotypes toward the Turkish Cypriot, than the other way around.
Turks and Asian/African are the two groups associated with the most negative stereotypes.
Turkish Cypriot did not express very high negative stereotypes toward any group, with the Greek receiving the highest score at only 1.77.
Greek Cypriots report that the groups that makes then feel more nervous/anxious to be around are the Turks and the Turkish Cypriot.
For Turkish Cypriot, social anxiety is relatively low toward all groups. The marginal higher values are linked to Greek Cypriot and Greek
Greek Cypriot report lower trust levels toward Turkish Cypriot, than the other way around.
The Turks is by far the least trustworthy group for the Greek Cypriot
For Turkish Cypriot, the least trustworthy group is the Greek, followed closely by Armenian and Asian African
The Turkish Cypriot group is ranked close to the average value, where most other outgroups reside, suggesting a neutral trend.
For Turkish Cypriot, the least favorable group is the Armenian, followed marginally by the Greek.
Greek Cypriots feel less comfortable accepting and having social relations with Turks and Turkish Cypriot.
They also seem to be less willing to associate with Asian/African rather than any other outgroup.
Turkish Cypriot do not seem to have a serious problem coexisting and sharing the same spaces with most outgroups, with the Greek Cypriot and Western Europeans receiving the lowest negative scores (after the Turks of course)
The Greek receive the highest negative score but again it is under the average.
Exploring group regional comparisons...
The sample from Limassol exhibits the "worse"
traits for Reconciliation across the board.
The sample from Nicosia appears to be on the other side of the scale.
In Karpasia, although intergroup contact is almost at the maximum of the scale, it does not seem to be accompanied by the most positive trends.
N/S
Indirect effects

CONTACT

Negative Stereotypes (-.09)
Social Anxiety (-.02)
Social Distance (-.11)
Social Threats (-.08)


TRUST

Negative Stereotypes (-.33)
Social Anxiety (-.08)
Social Distance (-.39)
Social Threats (-.29)
POLICY IMPLICATION
Confidence Building Measures focusing on dissolving negative stereotypes.
Confidence Building Measures assuring Greek Cypriot that coexistence with Turkish Cypriot is not a threat to their social and cultural identity.
Projects should communicate in terms of resources,deliverables and outcomes as the targets are closely linked and correlated
7.79
5.46
7.25
7.58
Negative
Stereotypes
Social
Anxiety
Social
Threats
Social
Distance
+.41
+.28
N/S
+.40
+.29
+.66
+.77
+.84
+.38
Frequency
of
contact
-.25
Trust
Risk
of
conflict
-.27
N/S
3.71
+.50
Indirect effects

CONTACT

Negative Stereotypes (-.16)
Social Anxiety (-.19)
Social Distance (-.21)
Social Threats (-.09)


TRUST

Negative Stereotypes (-.18)
Social Anxiety (-.21)
Social Distance (-.23)
Social Threats (-.10)
Contact is important in Limassol. Need for more projects that encourage/facilitate intergroup contacts.
Confidence Building Measures focusing on decreasing the anxiety of interaction and accepting the other as a member of the community.
Intervention pojects should be inter-connected in terms of resources and deliverables, focusing on the indicators with the stronger relations. i.e. Negative stereotypes - Social Anxiety
POLICY IMPLICATIONS
A case of negative contact?
HIGH
LOW
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