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Transcript of Beowulf
"Beowulf and his men sail over the seas to the land of the Danes to offer help to Hrothgar. They are escorted by a Danish guard to Herot, wehre Wulfgar, one of Hrothgar's soliders, tells the king of their arrival. Hrtohgar knows of Beowulf and is ready to welcome the young prince and his men" (page 36)
This battle takes place in the lair of Grendels mother which is at the bottom of a cold, murky lake.
"Grendel is a powerful monster, living down in the darkness, growled in pain, impatient as day after day the music rang loud in the hal[l]..." (page 33)
This part of the epic takes place in the village of Hrothgar in his mead hall- the Herot.
"Hrothgar, king of the Danes, has built a wonderful mead hall called Herot, where his subjects congregate and make merry. As this selection opens, a fierce and powerful monster named Grendel invades the mead hall, bringing death and destruction." (page 33)
This takes place in the Herot of Hrothgar.
Beowulf is a great warrior, loyal to Higlac, king of the Geats.
He knows of his noble birth and seeks to show his strength and power by fighting great monsters.
"Although one monster has died, another still lives. From her lair in a cold and murky lake, where she has been brooding over her loss, Grendel's mother emerges, bent on revenge" (page 45)
Grendels mother leaves her home in the cold, murky lake and heads to Herot to seek revenge.
Grendels mother is angry over the loss of her son. She is seeking out Beowulf to get revenge.
Hrothgar, once happy about being rid of Grendel, is now devastated over the loss of his friend.
Grendel's mother got her revenge and has returned to her lair in the lake.
Hrothgar is sad and angered over the loss of his best friend and sends Beowulf to avenge him.
Beowulf does not hesitate to accept the challenge of battling Grendel's mother- this will only make him more reputable.
"With Grendel's mother destroyed, peace is restored to the land of the Danes,a nd Beowulf, laden with Hrothgar's gifts, returns to the land of his own people, the Geats. After his uncle and cousin die, Beowulf becomes king of the Geats and rules in peace and prosperity for 50 years. One day, however, a fire-breathing dragon that has been guarding a treasure for hundreds of years is disturbed by thief, who enters the treasure tower and steals a cup. The dragon begins terrorizing the Geats, and Beowulf, now an old man, takes on the challenge of fighting it." (page 52)
Beowulf pursues battle with a the dragon in his lair- deep in the mountains.
Beowulf is an old man by this time. He has become the king of the Geats with the passing of his uncle and his counsin, and rules for 50 successful years.
We are introduced to Wiglaf, son of Wexstan. He is the lone warrior of Beowulfs army who stands to fight with his king and help him in his final moments after the dragon mortally wounds him.
The Battle with Grendel
"After the banquet, Hrothgar and his followers leave Herot, and Beowulf and his warriors remain to spend the night. Beowulf reiterates his intent to fight Grendel without a sword and, while his followers sleep, lies waiting, eager for Grendel to appear." (page 40)
Grendel is still enraged by the merriment in the Herot. He expects to attack the village again and leave victorious- until he meets Beowulf, a legendary warrior.
Beowulf secures is legacy by ripping the arm from Grendel with his bare hands.
"Wiglaf joins Beowulf, who again attacks the dragon single-handed; but the remnant of his sword shatters, and the monster wounds him in the neck. Wiglaf then strikes the dragon, and he and Beowulf together finally succeed in killing the beast. Their triumph is a short-lived, however, because Beowulf's wound proves to be mortal." (page 56)
Wiglaf and Beowulf continue fighting the dragon in his lair. After the dragon falls, Wiglaf carries Beowulf to the gathering to people on the cliff.
Wiglaf finds bravery and stays to battle the dragon with Beowulf.
Beowulf realizes that he is mortally wounded and accepts his fate during his final moments. He gives a final speech to his people and appoints Wiglaf as king, for his bravery and sacrifice.
The Geats build a tower, just as Beowulf had asked, tall and strong so it could be seen by all the sailors. For ten days they worked. They put all the treasures in the tomb with him and lit it on fire. His followers rode away from the tower mouring their loss.
They bury Beowulf in a tower built to his specifications- working for ten days straight- in the land of the Geats.
Hrothgar's men lived happy in his hall.
Grendel a power monster that lives deep in the darkness and plagues the Herot of Hrothgar. The music and merriment of Hrothgars' people enrages Grendel and makes him attack and kill all of the people in the village. Many warriors come to fight him and all of them meet their demise.
"Follower and the strongest of the Geats-greater and stronger than anyone anywhere in this worl[d].." (lines 110-111, page 36)
Beowulf knew about his noble birth. He wanted to prove himself by helping Hrothgar rid his village of Grendel, the monster.
Kenning and Figurative Language
..[F]rom every side, trying to open a path for his evil soul, but their soul, but their points could not hurt him, the sharpest and iro[n]... (lines 320-323, page 42)
Grendel came from his home, moving about the misty night, on his way to invade the Herot. He was not, however, expecting to find the Herot so well guarded. He made his way to the mead hall and attacked the warriors sleeping inside. He attacked a few men and then found himself in the clutches of Beowulf. A violent battle ensued; warrior and beast thrashing about the mead hall. The fight ended when Beowulf, using his bare hands ripped the arm from Grendel, sending him back into night.
Symbolism & Idiom
"..[a]s bright as Heavens Own candl[e].." (lines 527-528)
"..[t]he lake itself like a fiery flame." (lines 473-474)
"..[t]he rest of that ring-marked blade had dissolved in Grendel's steaming blood, boiling even after his death." (lines 572-573)
Hrothgar sends Beowulf to avenge the death of his best friend. Beowulf goes to her lair at the bottom of a cold, murky lake and meets her in battle. The Geats and Danes all stand around the banks of the lake waiting for Beowulf to emerge- but after a significant amount of time passes they leave thinking he has been defeated in battle. The next day Beowulf returns to Herot to award Hrtothgar with the head of Grendel as his prize.
The Battle with Grendel's Mother
"..[f]flames beat at the iron shield, and for a time it held, protected Beowulf as he'd planned; then it began to melt, and for the first time in his life that famous prince fought with the fate against him, with glory denied him." (lines 665-670)
Beowulf, king of the Geats has been ruling for 50 years. One day a thief awakens a dragon that has been guarding a hoard of treasure. The dragon begins terrorizing the Geats, and Beowulf who is now an old man takes on the feat of battling the dragon. Beowulf goes into battle with a shield and a sword and attempts to seek fame once more. However, the dragon melts his shild- yet Beowulf stabs the dragon with his sword but it wasn't enough to do any damage and the dragon sprayed a fiery breath at him. Beowulf was, for the first time, defeated in battle. All of his comardes ran away- except Wiglaf; Wiglaf stayed to help his king and stand with him in his final moments.
Beowulfs Last Battle
" I say what anyone who speaks the truth must say..." (line 851, page 59)
"He would sleep in the fire, soon. His soul left his flesh, flew to glory..." (line 830-831, page 58)
" Beowulf spoke, in spite of the swollen livid wound, knowing he'd unwound his string of days on earth,s een as much as God would grant him; all wouldy pleasure was gone, as life would,go, soon:.." (lines 736-740, pages 56)
Beowulf and Wiglaf defeat the dragon in a ferocious battle. Wiglaf knows that Beowulf will not live much longer and rushes to get him back to their people. However, they do not make it off of the dragons cliff. It is there that Beowulf praises God for all the victory and prosperity in his life. In his dying breath he appoints Wiglaf to lead his people and gives him the kings gold and jewels.
Wiglaf is angry with the people for abandoning Beowulf during battle.
Beowulf has passed and his soul has been set free.
"Raise up words for their lords, warm with love.." (lines 890-891, page 60)
"..[a]nd so Beowulf's followers rode, mourning their beloved leader.." (lines 892-893, page 60)
The Death of Beowulf
"Then all Herot burst inot shouts: she had carried off Grendel's claw. Sorrow had returned to Denmark. They'd traded death[s]..." (lines 420-422, page 45)
"Beowulf accepts Hrothgar's challenge, and the king and his men accompany the hero to the dreadful lair of Grendel's mother. Fearlessly, Beowulf prepares to battle the terrible creature." (page 47)
Grendels mother, angered by the death of her son, goes to Herot in search of revenge. When she arrives, she attacks and kills the closest friend of Hrothgar. She steals the claw of Grendel and returns to her lair- deep in the cold, murky lake. Hrothgar asks Beowulf to avenge the death of his friend and kill Grendels mother.
The Geats build a tower to burn their king on. In this tower they place all the jewerls and gold that he won in battle. They lit the tower and rode away moruning their loss.
This battle takes place in Herot in the village of Hrothgar.
"Spawned in that slime, conceived of a pair of those monsters born of Cain, murderous creatures banished by God, punished forever for the crime of Abel's death." (lines 20-24, page 34)
"My lord , the great king of the Danes,commands me to tell you that he knows of yours noble birth and that having come to him from over the open sea you come breavely and are welcome "
"That shepard of evil, guardian of crime, knew at once that nowhere on earth had he met a man whose hands were harder; could take his talons and himself from that tight hard grip.." (lines 274-279, page 41)
"To save her life she moved still faster, took a single victim and fled from the hall, running to the moors, discovered, but her supper assured, sheltered in her dripping claws..." (lines 410-414, page 45)
" The noble protector of all seamen swam to land rejoicing in the heavy burdens he was bringing with him, him and all his glorious of Geats, thanked God their glorious leader had come back unharmed, they left the lake together." (lines 579-583, pages 50-51)
" No one else what I mean to, here, no man but me could hope to defeat this monster. No one could try..." (lines 626-630, page 53)
"None of his comrades came to him or helped him, his brave and noble followers they ran for their lives, fled deep in a wood, and only one of them remained, stood there, miserable, remembering, as a good man must, what kinship should mean." (lines 691-696, pages 53-54)
"Entered the inner darkness of the tower, went his mail shirt and his sword. Flushed with victory he groped his way, a brave young warrior, he suddenly saw piles gleaming gold, precious gems, scattered on the floor, cups and bracelets, rusty old helmets, beautiful made but no hands to rub and polish them. They had lay where the dragon left them it had flown in the darkness, once, before fighting its final battle." ( lines 766-774, page 57)
" Geats built the tower strong and tall, so soliders could find it far and wide;" (lines 871-873, page 60)