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Mental Healthcare

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by

Hannah Bahls

on 23 March 2017

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Transcript of Mental Healthcare

The Problem
People are not getting adequate Mental Health Care in the U.S.
Causes for Inadequate Mental Healthcare
Objectives
Mental Healthcare
Improving Our System
Defunding
Problems Created by Defunding
Lack of Beds
Incarceration
Analysis of Defunding
Homelessness
Ineffective Outpatient Treatment
Analysis
Analysis
Analysis
Since the 1960s, mental healthcare has experienced extreme budget cuts after being deemed unworthy of funding.
Lack of beds is caused by defunding and an ineffective system for placing people
in the correct track of treatment.
Community residents and workers should be aware of appropriate responses to the mentally ill
Police should be trained to respond appropriately to the mentally ill.

The public should be well-informed about mental illness.

Primary care workers should be able to work effectively with the mentally ill.
There should be adequate facilities and personnel to address all patients

Understaffing issues should be addressed.

Enough beds for all patients.

The roles of different types of personnel in medical care should be well-structured.

There should be facilities equipped for integrated mental health and substance abuse treatment.
Analysis
The system for determining whether a citizen is fit for outpatient or inpatient treatment is not congruent with positive outcomes, as evidenced by repeated Emergency Room visits, relapses, and increased suicide rates.
Patients should always receive useful care when needed
Patients should have access to appropriate facilities.

Mentally ill should not be relegated to homelessness or jails.

Care should be integrated; addressing psychological physiological, and substance abuse issues.
When mentally ill citizens commit felonies potentially due to their mental illness, they are sent to jails unfit for treating their condition, instead of psychiatric hospitals, leading to increased recidivism and often worsening their conditions.
Solutions
Tracks of Treatment

Trained committee to determine tracks of treatment.

Clear overarching tracks of treatment.

Legislation
New nation-wide set of legislation that addresses all objectives.

All individuals identified as having mental health problems should be handled by the system.


A level of standardization should be achieved such that a patient’s care can be seamlessly transferred wherever they go in the country.
National Mental Healthcare
Monitoring/Oversight
A board of Mental Health Oversight is to be established in order to ensure that the relevant laws are working as intended, and highlight necessary changes.


A lack of availability of effective programs to treat the symptoms of mentally ill citizens contributes to homelessness.

Lack of Staffing & Adequately Trained Employees
Analysis
Substance Abuse
Analysis
Unavailability of proper mental healthcare services, such as medication and therapy, often leads to substance abuse.
This is chiefly caused by defunding of programs to train medical workers.
Public Education
Misconceptions in Media
Analysis
The stigma around mental illness stems from lack of available education and acurate information.
Analysis
Media often dramatizes and falsifies mental illness in movies, tv shows, and news.
Proposal

Lack of availability of programs
Lack of beds
Homelessness
Incarceration
Ineffective outpatient treatment
Lack of Staffing & Adequately Trained Employees
Funding
Tracks of Treatment
Committee to Determine Tracks of Treatment
More money in the mental health system will allow appropriate facilities and attention to be devoted to the problem.

In order for anything else to be accomplished, support for the mental health system must increase.
Education
What we suggest is a reformed system that gives structured, yet individualized treatment by setting a range of well-defined “tracks of treatment.”

We recommend the described “tracks of treatment” system as a superior alternative to the current lack of structure.

A curriculum will be incorporated into schools to spread awareness and healthy perceptions of the mentally ill.
To determine a patient’s track of treatment, and whether they require involuntary confinement, and if or when they need changes in their treatment plan. Consists of mental health care professionals.
Education
Integrate a comprehensive learning plan into schools to dispel the stigma around mental illness.
Analysis
A Broken System
The errors of old times have led to defunding and de-institutionalization, and corresponding disaster.


A Misguided Public
Bad experiences, negative anecdotes, and poor media coverage have led to a severe public bias against the mentally ill.


Limited Treatment
Current mental health treatment options are not as effective as they need to be.


Conclusions
Funding & structure are insufficient
Public does not understand problem
Treatment Options are poor

Problems:
Solutions:
Increase funding
Improve education
Restructure
Mental health policy should be ethical and facilitate proper care.




Policy at all levels and of all types is relevant.

Policy should consider the freedom, health, and well being of patients.

It should be easy to prevent the mentally ill from hurting themselves or others.
Funding
An increase in funding would allow for a functioning and successful system and successful programs.
Full transcript