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The life and works of Beethoven

Christina Wince

on 22 February 2013

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Transcript of Beethoven

"Music should strike fire from the heart of a man and bring tears from the eyes of a woman." Ludwig van Beethoven His Music. . . Moonlight Sonata His Music. . . Rock stars are famous for breaking rules and trying new things. Beethoven rocked the musical world by increasing the size of the orchestra to make a bigger sound.

He added instruments like the piccolo and the contrabassoon to the orchestra to play notes that were both higher and lower than had been heard before. He experimented with new ways of using music to “paint” pictures of country picnics, violent storms, and even moonlight.

Music lovers never knew what to expect next. Beethoven’s wild new ideas made everyone want to hear his music. Moonlight Sonata. . . This sonata, which Beethoven called "Sonata quasi una fantasia," was renamed by a music critic named Rellstab. The opening movement reminded him of the moonlight on Switzerland's Lake Lucerne. The name has stuck ever since!

When Beethoven wrote this piece in 1801, he dealt with his increasing deafness and learned the difficult news that he would soon live in total silence. His Life. . . Beethoven's Most Famous Works. . . 9 Symphonies:
No. 3 "Eroica" (hero themes; Napolean)
No. 5 (very popular; fate theme)
No. 6 "Pastoral" (countryside)
Ode to Joy from Symphony No. 9

"Fur Elise" for piano
"Moonlight Sonata" for piano
"Pathetique" for piano
Missa Solemnis for choir and orchestra Ludwig Van Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany. Talented from a very young age, Beethoven gave his first public performance on piano when he was 8 years old. His first piece of music was published by the time he was 12 years old! Beethoven Meets Mozart. . . When Beethoven was 17 he visited Vienna. He even auditioned as a composition student for Mozart while he was there!

Five years later Beethoven went back to Vienna to live. In a few years he had earned a name for himself as a pianist and was playing for the rich and famous. They supported him and in return, Beethoven dedicated his music to his audience. Beethoven's Quiet Years. . . When Beethoven was 28 years old, he noticed his hearing was going. He was very upset by this - so much so that he thought about ending his life. Beethoven's social life was affected the most. He is said to have had sudden bursts of anger, insulting those around him.

As his hearing became worse, Beethoven went into seclusion from both the public and his friends. Eventually, he was left completely deaf. He only communicated with visitors and trusted friends by writing. Beethoven's Final Years. . . Being hearing impaired didn't stop Beethoven from writing music, but life wasn't easy for him. Beethoven was seriously ill; He died from pneumonia at the age of 56.

Almost 30,000 people attended his funeral! Unlike some other famous composers from that time, Beethoven enjoyed recognition for his great music before he died. What do you remember about Beethoven? Can you name this piece? Say what?! Beethoven's 5th Symphony Beethoven's Fifth Symphony is possibly the most famous symphony in the world. Its famous repeated four-note figure is so popular that you can hear it everywhere from commercials to cartoons, films to pop songs and even sporting events.

Those four notes are also famous because they announced the British prime ministers’ radio broadcasts during World War II (the notes corresponded with Morse code for the letter "V," for victory.) Beethoven's 5th Symphony. . . Countless orchestras perform the Fifth every year. The music is very powerful and energetic. There is a “fate knocking at the door” theme, which represents a triumph over a struggle. This could represent Beethoven’s struggle with his deafness.

Beethoven created this triumphant sound by composing in the musical key of dark C minor changing into a happier key of C major. (Identify minor key versus major key by listening) Beethoven's 5th Symphony. . . Fur Elise Evaluate Which version do you like the best? Why? Can you think of a version now that you would want to hear? (Rock, Metal, Orchestra, Blues, Country?)
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