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Financing & Governing America's Schools
Transcript of Financing & Governing America's Schools
- The Constitution did not outline the role of education to the federal government, therefor leaving the responsibility to the states.
- Property tax - local real estate taxes historically used to fun d schools.
-Whether a school district will find itself rich in resources or scrambling to make ends meet depends largely on the wealth of the community being taxed. Property tax and Unequal Schools Do you know who pays for
American schools? - It is unwise your time to invest your time and talent in a career in which the key decisions are considered beyond their knowledge or influence
- Educational finance may determine not only your quality of life, but also the futures of the students you teach.
- Teachers should have a voice and be the voice for children as well Why should teachers care where the money comes from? Rodriguez claimed that the property taxing system violated the U.S. Constitution's guarantee for equal protection under the law.
The Supreme Court ruled against Rodriguez and stated that education was not a "fundamental right" under the Constitution and left it to the states to do something about it. San Antonio v. Rodriguez ( 1973 ) Struck down the state's financing system as unconstitutional
Declared education was a fundamental right under the California Constitution and the Property tax violated that right Serrano v. Priest ( 1971 ) Robbin Hood Refformers: took funds from wealthy districts and redistriuted the monies to poorer districts
Adequate education - guarantees that all students have the basic skills they need to be effective citizens and compete in the labor market - provides students with oral and written communication skills
- knowledge of economics, history, and social systems
- sufficient preparation for academic and career success In Kentucky, the courts defined an "efficient" education as one that Sales tax: a charge added to all sales; usually 30% of a states typical income
personal income tax: payroll deductions; usually 25% of state's income
state lotteries: 2/3 of the states have lotteries, and half claim to dedicate portions to education
taxes on tobacco, gasoline and liquor ( sin tax )
motor vehicle license fee Where do we find the money for our schools? categorical grants: funds directed at specific categories and targeted educational needs
block grants: large sums of money given directly to the states with few string attached The Federal Government's role in Financing Education American Recovery and Reinvestment Act ( 2009 ) The Obama Bounce - Doubled federal aid to schools and added new programs designated to create long-lasting educational reform
-Not a permanent solution; only provided the money for 2 years $20 billion is spent annually on marketing aimed at children
Marketing researchers film children at play, study their habits and behaviors and based their strategies on that information Commercializing Childhood Some businesses believe that they can create charter schools, which are funded by tax payers, and still make a profit for their shareholders
School districts now sell the naming rights of school buildings, allow companies to put their logos on textbooks, and hang advertising banners from buildings. Should schools be open for business? Most school board members are white, male, and middle or upper class Governing America's Schools School boards and chief state school officers are:
-elected by the people
-elected by the people's representatives
- appointed by the governer Includes parents, vocal individuals, school secretary, and community groups. Hidden Government in Schools Can put significant pressure to bear on which teachers stay in a school and which teachers leave