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Colombian Civil War

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by

Spencer Riley

on 15 April 2014

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Transcript of Colombian Civil War

Colombian Civil War
1990's conflict increased
During the the 1990's more people continued to be killed and after multiple attempts at arranging a cease fire between the FARC and the Colombian government nothing got accomplished
Early History
the origin of the armed conflicts in Colombia goes back to 1920's over disputes for territories. Peasants at the time fought over ownership of coffee lands which caused the liberals and conservative parties to take sides further worsening the conflict
Organizations
FARC : guerrilla group formed in the 1950's as the peoples group as a way to protect from government violence and provide social justice.
during the 1960's the Colombian Army started attacking peasant communities considering them as regions for bandits and communists to take refuge

In 1948 the assasination of Jorge Eliecer Gaitan radically stirred the armed conflict. It led to the Bogotazo, an urban riot killing 4,000 people. The riot caused a continuous 10 year fight between the liberal party and the Colombian conservative party, know as
La Valencia
, killing more than 200,000 people
ELN : communist guerrilla group formed in the 1960's fights along FARC and is known as the National Liberation Army
COLOMBIAN GOVERNMENT : claims to be fighting for stability and peace and the rights of the citizens however they refuse to ceasefire against guerrilla groups
DRUG CARTELS : working alongside the ELN and FARC as a way of funding through kidnapping and drug sales
The War Begins
In the 1970's the growing illegal drug trade became a matter of wide spread importance for all participants in the colombian conflict
during the 1980 an increasing amount of assassinating political leaders in colombia became a common occurrence. More than 50 political leaders were killed by guerrilla groups during this time, including Jaime Pardo Leal, whom was killed by a 14 year old.
by this time more than 2,500 members of the FARC had been murdered
FARC military activity increased throughout the bulk of the 1990s, as the group continued to grow in wealth; both kidnapping and drug related activities increased while drug crops spread throughout the country side
FARC managed to recruit and train more fighters, using them in concentrated attacks against Colombian state bases and controls
in 1996 a civic protest made up of an estimated 200,000 coco growers marched against the colombian government to protest their drug war policys.
FARC attacks
In 1997 dozens of councilmen were kidnapped and killed, or forced to resign in the Colombian government
In 1996 the FARC recognized weak spots in a Colombian Army base and overran it killing 34 soldiers, wounding 17 and taking 60 as prisoners.
In 1998 FARC members attacked a patrolling Army group, killing 62 soldiers, & kidnapping 43 soldiers
Throughout the late 1990's FARC attacked police bases, killing 100's of soldiers, civilians, and policeman
Affects on the Colombian Citizens
220,000 have died in the conflict between 1958 and 2013, most of them civilians
total people displaced = 2,400,000 - 4,000,000
high profile government roles often targeted for kidnapping by guerrilla groups
most displaced people are forced to live in run-down dirt floored homes where they have little to no access to health or educational services
US involvement
became involved in 1960's when they incouraged the Colombian military to attack guerrilla groups
this was a part of U.S policy to contain communism
As of August 2004, U.S has spent 3 billion dollars in Colombia, 75% of which was in military aid
December of 2013 the
Washington Pos
t revealed a secret CIA program that provided the Colombian government with intelligence and GPS guidance systems for smart bombs.
Since 1990, 10,000 people have been killed or wounded by land mines in Colombia
More than 90% of all cocaine on American streets comes from Colombia, the US is keen to tackle the supply at its source.
Current Situation
The longest civil war to date still rages on
The FARC and the Colombian government are holding peace talks in the countries capital
After 6 months both groups came to an agreement on land reform, one of the six major issues planned to be discussed
Guerrilla groups, although much weakened are still actively fighting for their ideals
With the government refusing to cease fire, guerrilla groups began attacking civilians and military soldiers once again
The government states that there will only be a cease fire once a peace agreement is signed
Full transcript