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Transcript of Learning Theories
The Cognitivist Perspective Focus on learning as a mental operation, The Constructivist Perspective knowledge is a built element resulting from a specific learning process Learning theories address how people learn.
There are three main types of learning styles behaviorists acquire behaviors, skills and knowledge in response to rewards (positive reinforcement), punishments (negative reinforcement), or withheld responses (no reinforcement) associated with them. Rewards determine whether the behavior will be repeated. learning is a passive process Key theorists in developing the behaviorist perspective include: Ivan Pavlov, John Watson and B.F. Skinner Skinner conducted an experiment in which repetitive motion helped solidify learning First Learning Theory: Second Learning Theory: takes place when information enters through the senses, undergoes mental manipulation, is stored and eventually used mental activity (cognition) is the source of study learning is explained in how you think Undetectable by observation learning is more complex than behaviorist view key theorists in this perspective are: Jerome Bruner, David Ausubel and Jean Piaget. Each brings a unique perspective of how learning is a function of thinking Third Learning Theory: knowledge is unique to the person who constructs it learning is not seen as product of mental process most influential force shaping education Jean Piaget is most notable theorist theory that children construct mental maps as they are presented with information new knowledge is assimilated or accommodated Notable theorists: Seymour Papert, Robert Gagne, Lev Vygotsky and Albert Bandura Works Cited NA. (2007). Index of learning theories and models. Retrieved from http://www.learning-theories.com/ Lever-Duffy, J., & McDonald, J. (2011). Theoretical foundations. In J. Lever-Duffy (Ed.), Teaching and Learning with Technology (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Educaton Inc. Slomp, P. (Performer). (2006). B.f. skinner- modelagem. [Web Video]. Retrieved from http://www. youtube.com/watch?v=mm5FGrQEyBY Hasnoo, S. (Performer). (2011). B.f. skinner's operant conditioning chamber. [Web Video]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube. com/watch?v=SUwCgFSb6Nk Davidson. (Performer). (2009). Piaget's developmental theory: An overview. [Web Video]. Retrieved from http://www. youtube.com/watch?v=lEam9lpa6TQ Harris, Hannah. "How Dog Training Works" 31 March 2006. HowStuffWorks.com. <http://science.howstuff works.com/zoology/dog-training.htm> 10 February 2013. Redmond, B. (Designer). (2012). Bandura's triadic reciprocal determinism. [Print Photo]. Retrieved from https://wikispaces.psu.edu/display/PSYCH484/7. Self-Efficacy and Social Cognitive Theories Bailey, M. (Designer). (2002). What we remember / our level of involvement. [Print Photo]. Retrieved from http://education.ed.pacificu.edu/aacu/workshop/constructivism.html