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American Jazz

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Phillip Riggs

on 15 March 2015

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Transcript of American Jazz

American Jazz
History of Jazz
More details can be found at the following link:
http://www.historyjazz.com/jazzhistory.html
Referred to as “America’s classical music,” jazz is one of North America’s oldest and most celebrated types of music.

The history of jazz can be traced back to the Unites States in the early part of the 20th century. Jazz has been a part of a proud African American tradition for over 100 years.

Jazz is a combination of African and European musical ideas.

The history of jazz has its roots firmly planted in the American cities of New Orleans, Chicago, and New York City. And the musical tradition within these cities still lives on today. See a detailed listing of the most prominent jazz clubs within these renowned jazz cities.
Jazz Vocabulary
Improvisation
One musician makes up the music while they are playing.
Syncopation
Musicians play rhythms between the pulse (beat) of the music.
The Blues
Common form often used in jazz. It is also common in pop and rock music.
Big Band
Combo
Swing
A group of musicians with 15 to 20 musicians.
Abbreviation for the word combination. This is a small group of musicians, usually 2 - 6 people.
The "feel" of most jazz music. We will talk about this in class.
Famous Musicians
Louis Armstrong
Duke Ellington
Count Basie
Billy Holiday
Dizzy Gillespie
Ella Fitzgerald
Glen Miller
Jazz Slang
Bad - used to mean the opposite, good.
Cats - people that play music

Cool Cats - likeable people

Chops - a musician's month
Crib or Pad - someone's house

Gig - a music performance

Jam - to improvise

Scat - to sing without
specific words

Square - not in style

Woodshed - Practice
Popular Jazz Instruments
Saxophones
Trumpet
Trombone
Piano
Guitar
Bass
Drum Set
Trumpet and Scat Singer - (1901-1971)
Also performed many pop songs in addition to jazz
11 of his songs are in the Grammy Hall of Fame
Received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1972
Is in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Composer / Piano / Band Leader - (1899-1974)
Earned 12 Grammy Awards
9 of his songs are in the Grammy Hall of Fame
Awarded the Pulitzer Prize
Awarded the Presidential Medal of Honor
Is featured on the back of the Washington D.C. quarter ($.25)
Composer / Piano / Band Leader - (1904-1984)
Earned 9 Grammy Awards
4 of his songs are in the Grammy Hall of Fame
Awarded the Presidential Medal of Honor
Composer / Trombone / Band Leader (1904-1944)
4 of his songs are in the Grammy Hall of Fame
Gave up a successful career to join the Army during World War II
Died flying on a military airplane from United Kingdom to France
Jazz Singer (1915-1959)
“Lady Sings the Blues”, movie about her life
Earned 6 Grammy Awards
Also inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame
Is in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Jazz Singer - (1917-1996)
Known as the “First Lady of Song”, and “Queen of Jazz”
Awarded 13 Grammy Awards
Inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame
Awarded the Presidential Medal of Honor
Trumpet - (1917-1993)
Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award
Presidential National Medal of Arts
Kennedy Center Honors Award
Famous for his “bent trumpet”
Also famous for his puffy cheeks
Gillespie’s disease

Jazz Influence on American Society
The following contributed to the rise in popularity of Jazz music.
Industrialism / Urbanization
Many African-Americans moved to larger cities to find work.
Prohibition
Many underground clubs known as "Speakeasies" were popular places for friends to meet, drink illegally, play music, and dance
Technology

Recording technology and the increasing popularity of radio exposed more people to jazz.
was the name given to the cultural, social, and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem between the end of World War I and the middle of the 1930s. During this period Harlem was a cultural center, drawing black writers, artists, musicians, photographers, poets, and scholars. Many had come from the South, fleeing its oppressive caste system in order to find a place where they could freely express their talents.
The Harlem Renaissance
The Apollo Theater and
The Cotton Club
were popular clubs in Harlem. The popularity of jazz music and dancing at these clubs attracted many whites. While races socialized together in Harlem, little progress was made duringthis time to break down the barriers of Jim Crow that seperated the races.
James "Kay" Kiser
Born in Rocky Mount, NC, and a graduate of UNC, Kay Kiser was a famous big band leader.
He had 11 #1 hits
His band performed more than any other act as part of the USO tours for the troops in WWII
He and his band appeared in 7 motion pictures.
He hosted his own TV show, "Kay Kyser's Kollege of Musical Knowledge" on NBC
At the height of his career he gave
up show business and moved his
family back to Chapel Hill
He spent the remainder of his life
improving health care across the
state, helped establish public
television, and the highway safety
program.
Full transcript