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Maritza Martinez

on 26 May 2015

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Transcript of Aliens

Roswell and Project Mogul
In 1947, about 75 miles from the town of Roswell, NM, a rancher named Mac Brazel found something unusual in his sheep pasture: a mess of metallic sticks held together with tape; chunks of plastic and foil reflectors; and scraps of a heavy, glossy, paper-like material.
On July 8, “RAAF Captures Flying Saucer on Ranch in Roswell Region” was the top story in the Roswell Daily Record. But was it true? On July 9, an Air Force official clarified the paper’s report: The alleged “flying saucer,” he said, was only a crashed weather balloon. However, to anyone who had seen the debris (or the newspaper photographs of it), it was clear that whatever this thing was, it was no weather balloon.
Since World War II, a group of geophysicists and oceanographers from Columbia University, New York University and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution on Cape Cod had been working on a top-secret atomic espionage project at New Mexico’s Alamogordo Air Field that they called Project Mogul. Project Mogul used sturdy high-altitude balloons to carry low-frequency sound sensors into the tropopause, a faraway part of the Earth’s atmosphere that acts as a sound channel. In this part of the atmosphere, sound waves can travel for thousands of miles without interference, much like under the ocean. The scientists believed that if they sent microphones into this sound channel, they would be able to eavesdrop on nuclear tests as far away as the Soviet Union.
According to the U.S. military, the debris in Brazel’s field outside Roswell actually belonged to Project Mogul.
To protect the scientists’ secret project, no one at Alamogordo could step in and clear up the confusion.
Do aliens exist?
Area 51
Conspiracy theorists believe that the remains of crashed UFO spacecrafts are stored at Area 51, an Air Force base about 150 miles from Las Vegas, where government scientists reverse-engineer the aliens' highly advanced technology.
The CIA in August finally admitted to the existence of Area 51 and declassified documents about the military base in Nevada, which has long been the focus of UFO conspiracy theories due to its secrecy. A new set of declassified documents gives even more details on Area 51's role in stealth programs — during the Cold War.
More than 60 declassified documents reveal how the Air Force used Area 51 to further develop its stealth programs in the 1970s and 1980s and how it held “secretly obtained” Soviet MiG fighters
Works Cited
Some of the documents focus on the importance officials placed on maintaining secrecy about the activities at Area 51, while other went into the reconnaissance aircraft tested there.
Area 51 was merely a testing site for the government's U-2 and OXCART aerial surveillance programs. The U-2 program conducted surveillance around the world, including over the Soviet Union during the Cold War.
The map and other documents were released in response to a Freedom of Information Act request submitted by Jeffrey T. Richelson, a senior fellow at the National Security Archives.
The Stealth F-117
Roswell and Project Mogul
By: Maritza, Alyssa, Aaron, Aileen, Ashley, and Joel
Egyptian Pyramids
Many believe aliens built the pyramids or gave the egyptians the technology to do so.
Physicists at the University of Amsterdam investigated the forces needed to pull weighty objects on a giant sled over desert sand, and discovered that dampening the sand in front of the primitive device reduces friction on the sled, making it easier to operate. The findings help answer one of the most enduring historical mysteries: how the Egyptians were able to accomplish the seemingly impossible task of constructing the famous pyramids.
To make their discovery, the researchers picked up on clues from the ancient Egyptians themselves. A wall painting discovered in the ancient tomb of Djehutihotep, which dates back to about 1900 B.C., depicts 172 men hauling an immense statue using ropes attached to a sledge. In the drawing, a person can be seen standing on the front of the sledge, pouring water over the sand, said study lead author Daniel Bonn, a physics professor at the University of Amsterdam.
Mayan King Pakal's Tomb Lid
Believers in ancient aliens frequently point to an engraved stone slab from a Mayan tomb, which they claim depicts an astronaut at the controls of a spacecraft.
If you take the time to study the symbolism of the Mayan religion, however, it is clear that the “spacecraft” actually is the primordial world tree with a celestial bird perched in its upper branches. And the barefoot “astronaut” really is the deceased Mayan king descending into the underworld.
"Archaeology | No Evidence of Aliens Helping Ancient Cultures." The Columbus Dispatch. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 May 2015.
"Area 51 Declassified." Fox News. FOX News Network, 13 Nov. 2013. Web. 25 May 2015.
"Conspiracy Theories." Time. Time Inc., 20 Nov. 2008. Web. 25 May 2015.
"How the Ancient Egyptians Really Built the Pyramids : DNews." DNews. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 May 2015.
"Roswell." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 25 May 2015.
Watson, Stephanie. "How Do You Make a Crop Circle?" HowStuffWorks. HowStuffWorks.com, n.d. Web. 25 May 2015.
Crop Circles
Crop circles appear to be very intricate formations, with many geometric shapes linked in sophisticated patterns. But the basics of crop-circle creation and the tools involved are actually fairly simple.
In general, circlemakers follow the following steps:

1.Choose a location.
2.Create a diagram of the design (although some circlemakers decide to come up with an idea spontaneously when they arrive at their intended site).
3.Once they arrive at the field, they use ropes and poles to measure out the circle.
4.One circlemaker stands in the middle of the proposed circle and turns on one foot while pushing the crop down with the other foot to make a center.
5.The team makes the radius of the circle using a long piece of rope tied at both ends to an approximately 4-foot-long (1.2-meter) board called a stalk stomper (a garden roller can also be used). One member of the team stands at the center of the circle while the other walks around the edge of the circle, putting one foot in the middle of the board to stomp down the circle's outline.

In August 2004, National Geographic contacted a team including circlemakers John Lundberg, Rod Dickinson and Wil Russell and requested a daylight demonstration in Wiltshire in support of a crop-circle documentary. They worked from the plans described before.
6. Circlemakers avoid getting caught by working under cover of night and by hiding their tracks in existing tractor-tire ruts.

Circlemaker John Lundberg displaying one of the 'stalk stompers' (and standing in front of the combine) his team will use to create the formation
This is the resulting formation. Created in a field opposite Silbury Hill in Wiltshire, it took the team five hours to create
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