Transcript of Spinoza, Locke, Hume
Timeline Calculations 1730 1630 1660 1690 1710 Team 0 + - = 9 8 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 c If we can have not personally sensed something and therefore cannot trace its roots back to its simple sensations, is it therefore false knowledge in our minds? Can we believe in others knowledge, other than our own? The chapter begins with Sophie telling her mother about Alberto and Hilde’s father. Sophie’s mother begins to become more worrisome after hearing all this. Sophie then receives two birthday cards for Hilde. On June 14 Hermes says ‘Happy Birthday Hilde’. Alberto then goes onto explains about the empiricist, who felt that everything in out mind is only perceived by experience through the senses. Alberto then explains to Sophie about Locke, who wanted to understand where our idea’s stemmed from and how we can be sure of our senses. Locke perceived that we felt simple sensations and we build these up to form complex ideas. Locke also divided our world into Primary (size, number, and mass) and secondary qualities (taste). Locke also thought that the same natural rights applied to everyone and also the existence of god was known by our reasoning. Are religious murders justifiable according to god and the laws of nature? Locke Questions When Sophie heard Hermes say “Happy Birthday Hilde” was it Sophie’s sense deceiving her? Spinoza, Locke, & Hume Sophie is intrigued by Berkeley, but Alberto chooses to discuss Hume first, despite the order of philosophers. David Hume (1711-1776) was the greatest of the empiricists and had inspired Immanuel Kant, another philosopher. His motive was to clean up our thoughts and he believed that perception is constructed by impressions and ideas. Hume inspected the concept of complex ideas, in which Alberto explained that they are made through imagination of combining simple ideas; like angels. Hume believed that these ideas that did not stem directly from impressions were faulty. All ideas to which have processed through our minds were once a bunch of different simple thoughts, just combined. Alberto pointed out that Buddha also sided with Hume’s beliefs of having no unchanging ego and opposed the idea of an eternal soul. Hume believed that it is not for certain that the laws of nature are absolute, and for that reason, he also believed that determining Gods existence was unanswerable. Lastly, he made the statement that we act upon our feelings, not our reason. If the mind is a Tabula Rasa, how is it possible that a baby can identify its parents after its birth? Is it possible to replace old experiences with new experiences? LOCKE SPINOZA HUME HUME TOPIC QUESTIONS: Christianity and Judaism were only kept alive by rigid dogma and outer ritual? What truly keeps a religion in practice? Is its beliefs and virtues, followers and popularity or both? Is the bible someone else's perspective or someone's account of the perspective god has given them? Is Spinoza thought or extension just another example of Plato's essence in things? Or has Spinoza limited the essence to only Gods essence? Is any crime following the laws of nature? Do you personally agree with Spinoza? Alberto and Sophie begin to talk about the next philosopher, named Spinoza. He explained to Sophie that Spinoza was the first to criticize the bible and the first to apply a historicocritical interpretation of it as well. In doing so, he was persecuted and excommunicated for heresy by his Jewish community, and his family. Spinoza had a deterministic approach to his philosophy, and believed that God controls everything through the natural laws. In contrast to Descartes’ views, Spinoza believed the world to be a part of God and that we can perceive certain features in Him, such as thought and extension. Spinoza also believed that God was truly free unlike humans but by looking at things from the perspective of eternity, they could find happiness as well. As their conversation comes close to an end, Alberto offers Sophie fruit, and Sophie accepts by taking a banana. She then notices after peeling away some of the banana peel, that there is yet another message from Hilde, to which it said, “Here I am again, Hilde. I’m everywhere. Happy birthday!” They quickly exchange thoughts on the note and then Sophie proceeds to leave, and as she is doing so, Alberto yet again calls her Hilde when saying their goodbyes. Do you think we can rely on sensory experiences as the basis of knowledge without being certain about how knowledge is caused by contact with the external world? Obstacle 2 Obstacle 1 Do you agree with our society acquitting crimes that were committed because the person was "unfeeling"? (feeling vs. reason)… we say they were not accountable for their actions. Obstacle 3 Hello! Will you help me answer the following philosophical questions in order to get to the treasure? Start SWEET !! Can intuition be considered a sixth sense? Do we let our intuition or mind guide us in our decision process? If you could have a sixth sense, what would it be? Annotated bibliography Full transcript
Gaarder, Jostein. Sophie's World: A Novel about the History of Philosophy. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1994. Print.
Sophie's world divulges into the history oh philosophers. it gives insight to the reader about past philosophers and their views. it demonstrated how history was affected by theses philosophers and how they contributed to history. The novel tries to answer the basic questions in nature; where we come from, where our thoughts stem from and everything.
Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy
Table of Contents. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2012. <http://stanford.library.usyd.edu.au/contents.html>.
Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy delivers facts about John Locke. it discusses Locke's view about primary and secondary qualities and how our ideas arise. as well as how well we can trust our sesnes.Locke perceived that we felt simple sensations and we build these up to form complex ideas.Locke also thought that the same natural rights applied to everyone and also the existence of god was known by our reasoning. Does Hume consider a miracle to be an inconsistency in terms of experience and certainty? What would you consider to be a miracle? Is the ego a simple or complex idea? Do we have an unalterable ego? If our perceptions and feelings were to change, would we still have an underlying personal identity in which would remain? How could we overcome Hume’s problem with induction, particularly as science considered objects and events outside the scope of direct sense perception? Hooray! Thank you for helping me get the treasure and become a great philosopher along the way! Annotated Works Cited
David Hume, Philosophical Works, ed. by T. H. Green and T. H. Grose (Longmans, Green, 1874-1875) http://books.google.ca/books?id=IQ8OD2ClGCEC&pg=PA127&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=4#v=onepage&q&f=false
This is a primary document in which explains the concepts of miracles and various related philosophical ideas are discussed. The document not only deals with the basic philosophical ideas but with how the different concepts and ideas relate to each other and affect each other. It goes on to describe how these philosophical ideas can have an impact on everyday life, and how they need to be considered in the realm of politics and criminal justice.
Gaarder, J. (1998). Sophie's world, a novel about the history of philosophy. Phoenix.
Sophie's World is a great philosophical novel in which depicts each of the greatly known philosophers in a creative way by allowing the reader to feel as though they are following along with the protagonist, Sophie.
Millican, Peter, Hertford College, Oxford, Twenty Questions about Hume’s “Of Miracles” http://www.davidhume.org/papers/millican/2010%20Miracles%2020%20Qs.pdf
This document is excellent for understanding the inner depth of different philosophers and their reasoning towards their theories. By keeping an open mind by considering the different opinions of Hume’s written work, this document can be very beneficial to going further within his work.