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Articles:

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Nour Haddad

on 15 April 2014

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Transcript of Articles:

Prepositions and Articles
We use the
Definite Article: the

Count and Noncount Nouns

Prepositions



A
Preposition
is a word that is placed before a noun or a pronoun to show the relationship between them.
What is an article? Basically an article is an adjective. Like adjectives, articles modify nouns.
the = definite article
a/an = indefinite article
For example, If i say, let's read the book. I mean a specific book. If I say, let's read a book. I mean any book rather than a specific book.

What is the best prepositions that complete each sentence:
1. What do you think ………………… the concert?
2. I liked it when that band walked ………………… the ramp.
3. It was exciting when the group made their entrance ……………………. the fans.
4. The lead singer appeared ………………….. the stage.
5. You could feel the heat from the fireworks ………………....... the lower level.
6. They barely fit …………………… the small second change.
7. The band played ……………….. two hours.
8. The keyboard player walked …………………… a treadmill while playing.
9. …………………….. the last song, the audience shouted her for an encore.
10. I can’t wait ……………………… the next show.


prepositions


Fill in the blanks with appropriate prepositions. Choose your answers from the options given in the brackets.
1. This material is different …………………… that. (from / to / with)
2. You should explain this …………………… them. (to / at / with)
3. He has been absent ………………… Monday. (since /for / from)
4. I haven’t been to the theater ………………… a long time. (since / for /from)
5. He goes ……………….. school by car. (to / at / on)
6. This is a comfortable house to live ……………… (on / at / in)
7. They are called …………………. different names. (by / with / for)
8. We should not spend money ………………. luxuries. (for / on / with)
9. I gave him a chair to sit ………………. (on / at / in)
10. The new term begins …………………. June 1st. (on / in / from)
11. He poured the tea ………………….. the mug. (into / on / in)
12. He said that he was very pleased ……………………. my work. (with / on / at)
bibliography
http://www.grammar-monster.com/glossary/adverbial_phrases.htm
http://www.tesol-direct.com/guide-to-english-grammar/quantifiers
http://www-01.sil.org/linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAProperNoun.htm
http://www.grammar-monster.com/lessons/adverbs.htm
http://www.uottawa.ca/academic/arts/writcent/hypergrammar/nouns.html
Remember, using a or an depends on the sound that begins the next word. so...
a+ singular noun beginning with a consonant: a boy; a car
an+ singular noun beginning with a vowel: an elephant; an idiot
a+ singular noun beginning with a consonant sound: a user( sounds like yoo-zer); a university; a unicycle
an+ nouns starting with silent h: an hour
a+ nouns starting with a pronounced h: a horse
* In some cases where h is pronounced, such as historical, you can use an. However, a is more commonly used and preferred.
A historical event is worth recording.

NOTE---> In English, the indefinite articles are used to indicate membership in a group.
I am a teacher

The definite article is used before singular and plural nouns is specific or particular. Fore example: The dog that bit me ran away. Here we are talking about a specific dog, the dog that bit me.
The can be used with noncount nouns.
I love to sail over the water ( some specific body of water) or I love to sail over water.

A/an can be used with count nouns.
I need a bottle of water.
I need a new glass of milk.

MOST of the time, you cant say, she wants a water, unless you're implying, say, a bottle of water.
Do not use the before
names of rivers, oceans and seas: the Nile, the Pacific, the Nile.
Point on the globe: the Equator, the North Pole.
Geographical areas: the Middle East, the West.
Deserts, forests, and gulfs: the Sahara, the Persian Gulf, the Black Forests, the Iberian Peninsula.
names of most countries/ territories: Italy. the Netherlands
names of cities, towns, or states: Miami
names of streets: Washington Blvd
names of lakes and bays: Lake Titicaca
names of mountains: Mount Everest
Omission of Articles
Some common types of nouns that don't take an article are:
Names of languages and nationalities. Chinese, English, Spanish, Russian (unless you are referring to the population of the nation: The Spanish are known for their hospitality)
Names of sports: Volleyball, baseball
Names of academic subjects: biology, history, mathematics
Put in the or a/an where necessary. If the sentence is already correct, put RIGHT. (If necessary)
1. Sun is star.
Answer: The Sun is a star.
2. Time lives in small village in country.
Answer: Time lives in a small village in the country.
3. Moon goes around earth every 27 days.
Answer: The Moon goes around the earth every 27 days.
4. I'm fed up with doing same thing everyday.
Answer: I'm fed up with doing the same thing everyday.
5. I don't usually have lunch but I always eat good breakfast.
Answer: I don't usually have lunch but I always eat a good breakfast.
6. What is highest mountain in world?
Answer: What is the highest mountain in the world?
7. It was very hot day. It was hottest day of year.
Answer: It was a very hot day. It was the hottest day of the year.
Three Groups of Prepositions:

a. Prepositions of place, position and direction.
b. Prepositions of time.
c. Prepositions for other relationships.
SOME COMMON PREPOSITIONS
PLACE
above
across
along
among
at
away from
behind
below
beside
between
POSITION
beyond
by
down
from
in
in front of
inside
into
near
off
DIRECTION
on
opposite
out (of)
outside
over
around
through
to
towards
under
up
TIME
after
before
at
by
for
during
from
in
OTHER
except
as
like
about
with
without
by
for
Rule:

They are always followed by a "noun", never followed by a verb.
By "noun" we include:

Noun (dog, money, love)
Proper Noun (name) (London, Mary)
Pronoun (you,him,us)
Noun Group (my first car)

The pen is on the table.
He lives in England.
Henry is looking for you.
The newspaper is under your green book.
pascal is used to English people.
She isn't used to working.
We ate before coming.

Prepositions of Time / Place at, in, on


At for a PRECISE TIME
In for MONTHS, YEARS, CENTURIES and LONG PERIODS
On for DAYS and Dates

At 4:30 pm in March on Monday At 3 o'clock In Winter On 6 March At noon In the summer
NOTE: Some prepositions of time are usedand on in these common expressions:

In the morning /On Monday morning
In the mornings / On Sunday mornings
In the afternoon(s) / On Sunday afternoons
In the evening(s) / On Friday evenings

When we say next, last, this, every we do not use at,in,on.

I went to New York last June (not in last June)
She is coming back next Monday. (not on next Monday)
some examples on prepositions
Full transcript