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Sophie Cai

on 12 July 2016

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Transcript of CovRail

Bedworth Station
Bayton Road
Ricoh Arena
Holbrook Station
Lockhurst Road Station
Canal Basin Station
Pool Meadow Station
Foleshill Road Station
Coventry University Station
High Street Station
St Patrick's Road Station
Coventry Railway Station
War Memorial Park Station
Canley Ford Station
Canley South Station
University of Warwick Station
Gibbet Hill Station
Kenilworth Road Station
Coventry Road Station
Abbey Fields Station
Kenilworth Town Station
Bayton Road Station
Connects with large industrial estate, home to >50 large businesses*

Location of tram depot, supporting 150 new jobs

Will provide 500 dedicated Park and Ride spaces
*Coventry City Council
Ricoh Arena Station
Capacity of over 32,000

Regularly hosts sporting events, music concerts and exhibitions

Will double existing car parking capacity to over 1000*, becoming a key Park and Ride location
Pool Meadow Station
Provides interchange with existing bus network

Connects tram network to regional and national routes. National Express Network Coventry/West Midlands carries over 1 million passengers daily*

Elevated station, to minimise disruption to bus station beneath

High Street Station
Serves edge of Coventry's main shopping district

Historic Cathedral Quarter <1 minute walk away

West Orchards Shopping Centre only 300m away, with over 40 outlets*

Connects with Coventry Railway Station, used by nearly 6 million passengers annually*

London Euston only 66 minutes away, and Birmingham New Street is only 21 minutes away**

Birmingham International only 10 minutes away

Provides missing key interchange between Pool Meadow Bus Station
*Office of Rail Regulation Statistics
**National Rail Enquires
*Coventry City Council
*National Express Coventry/West MIdlands
*West Orchards Coventry
Over 23,000 students and employs over 5,400 staff*

Warwick Arts Centre attracts over 300,000 visitors annually**

Provides simplified access to Coventry/existing transport networks, of particular use to 8,300 international students*

Provides relief to existing over-congested bus networks

Coventry Railway Station
University of Warwick Station
* University of Warwick
**Warwick Arts Centre
Kenilworth Town Station
Station situated only 200m from famous Kenilworth Clock

Historic town centre and Kenilworth Castle all within walking distance

From December 2016* terminus will be <5 minute walk from new Kenilworth railway station, connecting with sprawling Cross Country rail network
*Department for Transport
Technical details
The total length of the route is 13 miles/20km

The trams will be electrically powered by overhead lines (750 DC), situated approximately 5m above the ground

The trams will be articulated in four places, which allows them to follow sharp bends in the track. The minimum radius of curvature is just 33m.
Rail-running sections
Street-running sections
Complicated sections
Between Bedford and Lockhurst stations, the tramway runs parallel to the Coventry-Nuneaton branch line.

The trams require track which is the same gauge as all British track - 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge.

Mixed use track-sections is commonplace amongst other British light-rail schemes, and is significantly cheaper to install compared to street-running sections.
The trams will use the same track as trains (left), instead of tram-only track (right).
These are the sections that run on the roads. The rails are embedded into the road surface, allowing for other traffic to use the road simultaneously.
All stations will be fully lit at night, and contain a waiting area and ticket machines.

All stations will also be monitored by 24-hour CCTV.

All stations will be equipped with solar panels on their roofs, which will power the lighting, dot-matrix information screens and ticket machines.

Artist's impression of High Street station
Sunken/elevated section of track near Pool Meadow bus station
On the northern approach to Pool Meadow, the line will pass under Whitefriars Ringway along a sunken track, approx. 0.5m into the ground. This will allow clearance for the overhead wires.

The track will then become elevated as it passes close to Pool Meadow bus station. This is to avoid interference with buses/other traffic passing close or entering Pool Meadow.
Street running track (green)

Sunken track (red)

Elevated track (blue)
Due to the narrow street and intense urbanisation of the surrounding area by St. Patrick's road, the normally duel track must converge to one. As this section is still street-running, points cannot be used. Instead, a technique is used where the tracks overlap, but are still separate.
Bi-directional track south of St. Patrick's Road Station
An example of bi-directional running in the Netherlands (left) and diagram (above).
Google Street View
Google maps
Nottingham Express Transit
The depot will be located adjacent to the Bayton Road Station. It will be built on brownfield land, away from residential areas.

The depot will be able to stable up to 25 trams. If necessary, more sidings can be added in the future to accommodate an expanding fleet.

Routine maintenance will also take place here.
"Keeping Coventry on track for a greener future..."
Alstom Citadis 405
Each vehicle can carry up to 237 people, and are 100% accessible.

Vehicles are articulated and are 2.4m wide and 45m long.

Maximum speed of 80km/h with a maximum acceleration of 1.3m/s
Artist's impression of Alstom Citadis 405 heading north towards Bedworth station
Energy Saving
Alstom Citadis trams use permanent magnet motors and Onix traction systems - these enhance the performance of the tram and save energy compared to trams that don't have this technology.

Regenerative braking is also used. The power captured is used to power onboard auxiliary systems. This accounts for an energy saving of up to 15%.

Alstom also uses HESOP reversible power substations. These allow power recuperated from trams to be fed back into the National Grid. HESOP can capture up to 99% of unused energy, resulting in a reduction in CO emissions.

Station roofs will be equipped with solar panels, allowing for self-sufficient lighting, information screens and ticket machines.

Long-term plan
The infrastructure will be built to require minimal maintenance and longevity. It has has been designed with future route expansion in mind.

Citadis trams require some of the lowest maintenance costs on the market. The cost of preventative maintenance is reduced by 18% through a variety of measures, including better accessibility to critical components*.

Entire route connected by an Ethernet network, allowing for a quick diagnosis of potential errors.
*Alstom Transport
Minimising disruption
Reducing waste
Spring 2015
Summer 2015
Autumn 2015
Winter 2015
Spring 2016
Summer 2016
Autumn 2016
Winter 2016
Depot construction started

Park and Ride car parks started
Tracks north of Pool Meadow constructed

Railways section excavated
Tracks from Kenilworth to Uni of Warwick constructed

Coventry centre tracks started
Pool Meadow underpass/elevated section started

Coventry South tracks started
Station works started

Railway running tracks laid
Overhead lines south constructed

Overhead lines North constructed
Flechamstead Highway bridge started
Driver training starts
Landscaping begins
Project complete
Construction will take place during the day (7am - 7pm) in residential areas.

Regular noise assessments are taken to ensure all noise is kept to within legal levels.

Construction vehicles will be directed to alternative "quieter" routes to avoid increased traffic.

Road closures will be staggered, with North/South sections constructed at different times to avoid disruption along entire length of the route.

Note: Bedford-Coventry railway line reduced to one line running whilst embankments widened.

Preliminary timescale of 24 months for construction phase. In the timeline below, spring 2015 is used as a starting point. Prior to this, a 6-12 month consultation and planning period would be necessary.
As minimal demolition is necessary, initial waste is minimal.

Material excavated in the widening of the railway section is to be used to create embankments before/after the elevated sections.

Material dug up when street-running track is laid is temporarily stored on brownfield land by Bayton Road station.
Alstom construction workers
The planned budget for this project is £260 million. Government funding will be sought for a proportion of this, with the remainder of the money coming from a Workplace Parking Levy.

In Nottingham, £200m out of a total of £570m came from a similar Parking Levy scheme. The remaining £370m was provided by the Government.

Additional revenue could come from private investors, as well as through selling advertising space.
Artist's impression of Coventry Tram Station
Estimated breakdown of costs
Coventry-Nuneaton corridor identified as major growth area in RSS report, 2009.

Area to the north due to receive major housing to meet growth targets.

N-S corridor also heavily congested by existing traffic.

A Benefit-Cost-Ratio report* found that for every £1 spend, there would be £2 in benefits.

Route passed through wards of St. Michael's (56% no car, 40% unemployed).
Why North-South?
Kenilworth chose as southern terminus as cost per km of track wasn't justified in terms of population - 50% increase in track length to serve a 10% increase in population.
*Halcrow, 2009
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