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a history of AC

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Brent Olson

on 3 April 2011

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Transcript of a history of AC

Highlights in the history of keeping Cool Ellsworth Huntington is born 1876 1885 Electrical Fan and Ice = Mechanical Refrigeration only moderately successful 1895 1st meeting of the Society of heating and Ventilating Engineers July 1902 Willis Haviland carrier invents the air conditioner Designed to assist industrial processes 1914 But many believe that the machinery in the 40 room mansion is never turned on. Huntington's influential book "Civilization and Climate is Released" July 1915 1st Private Residence is equipped with AC US Census reveals that more Americans live in cities than in rural areas. 1920 NRC's committee on the atmosphere and man 1922 Releases statement identifying high temps as source of many of society's problems Stuart Chase Releases "The Challenge of Waste" Temperature Causes Death Met Life finds that more death's happen on cold days. But blamed heat for higher death. Air conditioning systems can both heat and cool spaces 1924 1925 1925 Wrigley Theater in NYC installs Temperature bypasses, ushering in a new era of comfort in the cinema 1926 Filene's Department Store get's AC Also a Major Heat Wave in St. Louis 1926 1870--------1880--------1890---------1900---------1910---------1920---------1930---------1940---------1950---------1960---------1970---------1980---------1990---------2000---------2010 Stuart Chase writes "The Tragedy of Waste" 1928 Air Conditioning made Mandatory in the US Capital 1929 Air Conditioning in the West Wing of the White House 1930 S Colum GilFillan publishes "The Coldward Course of Progress" 1930 First Dining Car on a train gets AC STUART CHASE:
"The menace of technological tenuousness stemming from a dependence on an unknown technology" 1931 1932 The Whole train is AC 1933 A Century of Progress: the Chicago World's Fair 1st Drive in Movie Theater Chicago tribune heralds the possibility of keeping indoor air at 36 degrees 1934 Lewis Mumford writes "Techniques and Civilization" criticized prevailing anti-machine utterances as unsophisticated. Air Conditioning throughout the White House arctic explorer David Irwin protested against “igloo of tomorrow,” sued Carrier. Felt that it would detract from his fame. 1935 The Packard is the first car to be cooled with AC Supreme Court and Congressional Offices Get AC 1st theater playhouse gets AC 1939 The igloo is also good for hay fever sufferers, according to Carrier 1947 Levitt and Sons are main contractors building houses with central air House Beautiful Magazine collaborated with U.S. Weather Bureau and American Institute of Architects for climate control research 1948 Air condition causes laziness - Logan Lewis Consumer reports includes AC 1953 1954 Advertisements for AC would move from wants and needs to creating desire. Studies show that AC improves job performance 1955 David Minsky whines that Nightlife is dead because of AC. Nothing happens outside anymore. A family can buy a house with central air for $10,000 1958 "The Affluent society took strong exception to the increasing use of technology... public needs ignored." -Gailbraith more than 6.5 million American households had some form of air conditoning 1965 Margaret Engels, Carrier engineer, named to alumni hall of fame at U. Kentucky 1966 Tiny Personal Fans! 1973 Consumer Reports starts to criticize AC makers and units. 1974 US Commerce Department Bureau of Standards declares AC first appliance to include energy consumption 1975 Dorothy King Newman identifies the typical American Energy Consumer (follows trends). 1977 1979 St. Louis Heatwave kills mainly the elderly and poor Frederick Rohles Jr, Psychologist, argues that comfort zones had increased 13 degrees. Comfort is a condition of mind. 1995 Heatwave in Chicago reinforces the finidngs of the St. Louis Heatwave Architects begin to reassess using design to keep indoor spaces cool 1999 2002 100 years after Carrier, Ackerman publishes "Cool Comfort
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