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Endangered Animals

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SwinEdGroup3 Assessment2

on 19 May 2013

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Transcript of Endangered Animals

Africa Significance
While mountain gorillas are large, physically imposing creatures, they are also gentle, affectionate, intelligent and devoted to their family. They spend most of their time playing with their young and can be fiercely protective. They have few natural predators and don't pose an immediate danger to humans or other animals unless threatened (Wildlife Conservation Society, 2013). Australia Mountain Pygmy Possum This Presentation will give a few examples of endangered animals across the World. Asia Europe References Australian Goverment: Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (2012). Burramys Parvus - Mountain Pygmy
Possum. Retrieved from http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/sprat/public/publicspecies.pl?taxon_id=267

Causes of Mountain Gollira's endanger. Retrived from http://www.rema.gov.rw/ccr/final%20summary.pdf)

Foundation for National Parks and Wildlife (n.d.). Mountain Pygmy Possum. Retrieved from http://fnpw.org.au/plants-a-wildlife/land-

International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (2013). Burramys parvus. Retrieved from http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/summary/3339/0

Jackson, R., Mallon, D., McCarthy, T., Chundaway, R. A. & Habib, B. (2008). Panthera uncia. Retrieved from http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/22732/0.

Mallon, D. P. (2008). Saiga tatarica. Retrieved from http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/19832/0.

Navinder, J. S. (2013). Saiga Antelope. Retrieved fom http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/endangered_species/saiga_antelope/.

Significance of Saiga Antelop. Retrieve from http://www.edgeofexistence.org/mammals/spiecies.infaphp?id=62)

Snow Leopard Fact Sheet. (n.d.). Retrieved from (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snow_leopard)

Snow Leopard Trust. (2008). Population and Protections. Retrieved from ( http://mongabay.com.tack-action/snw-leopards.html)

Wildlife Conservation Society. (2013). Mountain Girilla. Retrieved from http://www.wcs.org/saving-wildlife/great-apes/mountain-gorilla.aspx

Zoos Victoria, (n.d.). Mountain Pygmy Possum. Retrieved from http://www.zoo.org.au/healesville/animals/mountain-pygmy-possum Felicity Cameron, Meg Kiely, Simone Fynn & Ma Yin Yin Myint Endangered Animals Summary
The Mountain Pygmy Possum (MPP) lives in alpine and sub-alpine areas of Victoria and New South Wales (Zoos Victoria, n.d.). They are Australia's only hibernating marsupial and for this reason depend on areas subject to six months snow cover. They weight approximately 30-82g and a litter of 3-4 young will stay in the mother's pouch for 4 -5 weeks. The MPP lives primarily off the Bogong Moth (Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Community 2012). Cause of Endangered Status
There is only 3 MPP populations left in Australia with the total population estimated at 2075 in 2010. This classifies the MPP as critically endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCNNR), 2013). Predators such as feral cats and foxes are a threat to the MPP while invasive plant species, habitat loss, climate change, inbreeding and depleted food sources are the major causes for the population decline (Foundation for National Parks and Wildlife, n.d.). Significance
While the MPP has no particular role in maintaining ecological balance of it's environment and is not a important food source for other animals. As Australia's smallest and only hibernating marsupial, it is important that this animal does not become extinct. Protecting the Mountain Pygmy Possum
Conservation plans have been set in motion to protect the MPP's habitat as have programs to reduce the number of predators. The viability of a captive breeding program and how to keep the Bogong moth inhabiting the MPP's habitat is being assessed (IUCNNR, 2013). Summary
The Snow Leopard (Panthera Uncia or Uncia Unicia) is a large cat, living in Central Asian mountain ranges from Afghanistan to Myanmar. A male weights about 27-55 kg and females about 25 kg. Snow leopards are carnivores, hunting blue sheep and mountain goat. In summer, the females raise their young and by the end of the season, the cubs will learn to hunt by following their mother when she hunts. Winter is mating season and typical gestation 90–100 days with cubs usually born between April and June in litters of 2-3. (http://www.snowleopard.org./learn/catfacts}) Cause of Endangered Status
The snow leopard population has declined by 20% over the past two decades classifying them as endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. This decline is largely due to illegal trade in fur and bones, retribution by farmers for killing livestock, natural prey depletion and habitat loss (Jackson, Mallon, McCarthy, Chundaway, & Habib, 2008) Saiga Antelope Mountain Gorilla
(Beringei) Snow Leopard Protecting the Mountain Gorilla
Conservation funds raise and supply money to those who work in national parks around Rwanda, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The Funds help equip park rangers and wardens who monitor the parks and protect animals from threats. Eco-tourism companies also help reduce that rate at which gorilla numbers are decreasing by working with local communities in surrounding areas. Community owned tourists lodges are built by people who share their backyards with gorillas, thus generating a source of income for the locals and helping develop livelihoods while complementing conservation efforts (African Wildlife, n.d.). Summary
Mountain gorillas also formally known as Gorilla Beringei are vegetarians that inhabit the forests of the Virunga Mountains in central Africa and volcanic slopes of Rwanda, Uganda, Republic of Congo (National Geographic, n.d). A newborn gorilla weighs about 1.8kg and rides on it’s mother’s back until about 4-5 months old. Female Mountain gorillas usually bear one infant every 6-8 years, equaling 2 offspring in a 40 year life span. Males can reproduce with 3-4 females at a time, fathering 10 – 20 offspring in a life span of 50 years. (Reproduction n.d., para. 13) Cause of Endangered Status
Saiga antelope are illegally hunted for their horns which are used in traditional Chinese medicines. The species are also rapidly declining due to hunting by humans and animals for food purposes. Degradation of habitat, overgrazed pasture (Meibom et al., 2010), and diseases such as pasteurellosis all contribute to the saiga decline (Lundervold, 2001). They are critically endangered with only approximately 5% of the original population left in existence today. Significance
The snow leopard plays an important role in balancing out the eco-system on top of the Himalayan mountains. As the top predator, snow leopard preys on livestock, blue sheep, wild sheep, Siberian ibex and marmots, pikas and hares controlling the population and health of the wild species it preys on (Snowleopard, n.d., para. 2). Summary
The Saiga Antelope (Saiga tatarica ) lives in Kazakhstan and small areas of Russia in open dry steppe grasslands and semi-arid deserts. It is distinctly recognizable by it's bulbous nose which is flexible and inflatable, allowing saigas to breath clean air during the dusty summers months and warm air during cold winters. Males weighs 30-50kg and will fight to be the alpha among a heard of 50 animals. A females weighs 21-40kg and usually produces 1-2 calves per litter (Mallon, D.P.,2008; Navinder J. Singh., 2013). Protecting the Saiga Antelope
External funding and increased enforcement for anti-poaching is urgently needed. There are some protected land areas but given the distance the saiga travels, this hinders the creation of fully protected areas. Proposals have been put forth to temporary remove saigas from the hunting animals list and a total prohibition of saiga meat and horn trade (Mallon, D.P., 2008). Protecting the Snow Leopard
There are many strategies in place to help protect the declining number of snow leopards. The most effective current measures are providing support to conservation organisations and creating awareness of the danger of extinction. Co-operatation with local communities by way of financial incentives such as new employment opportunity through tourism and facilities to support conservationists (http://mongabay.comtake-action/snw-leopards.html). Cause of Endangered Status
The main threat to Beringei gorillas is a loss of habitat, forest encroachment by refugees and farmers, the unsustainable use of natural resources by governments and private enterprises. The civil war in Rwanda and political unrest in gorillas habitats and mining activities in the region are also detrimental to the Beringei gorilla population (http://www.rema.gov.rw/ccr/Final%20summary .pdf). Significance
Saiga antelope is the only original member of the Saiga species and one of the nominate species that form the most spectacular animal seasonal migration in the world. This make it imperative that they are protected. They move up to 1000km northwards in summer and return to the southern desert areas in the autumn. They are food to other animals and humans. (http://www.edgeofexistence.org/mammals/species_info.php?id=62)
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