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Jamaica

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on 6 May 2014

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Transcript of Jamaica

Facts and Figures
Island in the West Indies
Total area: 4,244 sq mi
Population est: 2,889,187
1.714% growth rate
Capital: Kingston
Money: Jamaican Dollar
Languages: English & Jamaican Creole (Patois)
National Motto: "Out of many One People"
Education
pRIMARY SCHOOL
Pre K-Kindergarten
Free to all
Grades 1-6
Ran by Ministry of Education
Math, Music, P.E., Language Arts, Science, Social Studies, Arts and Crafts, and Religious Education
No less than 190 days
At end of grade 6 - take CEE (Common Entrance Examination)to be placed in a high school (if family can afford)
Image by Tom Mooring
Jamaica
Culture Capsule

Music In Jamaica
Art
Music and Art
Jamaican Foods
Jami Parker
Katherine Bell
Carlos Fernandez
Chris Jones

Jamaicans eat many different kinds of foods and like their music is unique to the island. Like the U.S. their cuisine is influenced from the many different peoples and cultures that have settled the island over the years.
What we share
Jamaican cooking uses a lot of the same foods that we have here in the U.S. Some of these are vegetables like cabbage, corn, potatoes, tomatoes and okra and sources of proteins like chicken, pork, beef, fish, seafood and beans as well as other staples of our diet like rice, pasta, flour, sugar and salt.
The Foods Unique to the Island
Island foods that we don't find easily in most U.S. stores are plants like soursop, naseberry and cassava which are all native to the Caribbean. But the biggest difference is in how food is prepared. In Jamaica the native islanders the Arawaks long ago began cooking meats in the islands signature way of slow cooking over a low flame on a wooden grate with hot spice mixtures. Modern day Jamaican cooking has also been influenced by Spanish, Indian, Chinese, African, and English cultures due to the long time the island was a plantation colony, the importing of slaves and indentured laborers.
SECONDARY EDUCATION - 7TH AND UP
EDUCATIONAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN U.S AND JAMAICA
Family Dynamics
Family Traditions and values
Big Sunday Dinners - Extended family and traditional food
Christmas - The Jonkunnu
West-African influenced dance done by groups of costumed Jamaican men accompanied by fife whistle and drum
Easter - Jamaican Easter buns with cheese and butter
Nine night - Grieve death on the ninth night
Song, dancing and food
Anansi Stories - Folklore
Birth rite - Burying of umbilical cord, tree is planted at burial spot so baby will always remain connected to his/her place of birth.
Weddings - Very lavish and expensive. Typical wedding gift is eggs for wedding cake.
Family traditions and Values cont.
References

Socio-economic status:
41% - mother only, 31% - both parents, 19% - neither parent, 5% - father only
Corporal punishment is used as discipline
46% - physical assault
25% - psychological methods
High rates of migration
'Barrel children' phenomenon
Extended family plays an integral role
Education is very important
Caribbean Education Foundation (2007).Education Challenges Issues and Solutions. Retrieved from:http://www.educatechild.org/jamaica-challenges.php.
Donaldson, E. (1996) The Real Taste of Jamaica. Toronto. Warwick Publishing
Gleaner, T. (2010, 12 12). The jamaican 'family' explored. Retrieved from http://jamaica-gleaner.com/gleaner/20101212/arts/arts4.html
Simms, G. (2012, 12 16). The next 50 years - in search of real men. Retrieved from http://jamaica-gleaner.com/gleaner/20121216/lead/lead9.html
Buzzle. (2014). Jamaican people: Traditions, art & culture. Retrieved from http://www.buzzle.com/articles/jamaican-people-traditions-art-and-culture.html
Gabriel, P. (2010, 10 27). Examples of family holiday and traditions in jamaica. Retrieved from http://voices.yahoo.com/examples-family-holiday-traditions-7062706.html?cat=37
General Hospital, M. (2002). Bits of culture - jamaica. Retrieved from http://www2.massgeneral.org/interpreters/b_jam.asp
Jamaicansmusic.com. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.jamaicansmusic.com/
Projects Abroad (2012). Teaching PE and Coaching Sports in Schools in Jamaica.Retrieved from: http://www.projectsabroad.org/volunteer-projects/sports/school-sports/volunteer-jamaica.
Thomas, P & Vaitingam. (2010) The Rough Guide To Jamaica. New York. Rough Guides
Headed by women
Responsible for raising and supporting them
Marriage is far less common, more "visiting relationships"
Community involvement in raising children
Use alternative medicine including herbalism
Quiz
ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE
MATHEMATICS
SPANISH
HISTORY
GEOGRAPHY
ART
TECHNICAL DRAWING
GRADE 10 & UP EXTRAS
PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY, AND BIOLOGY
AGRICULTURE
ECONOMICS
COMPUTER STUDIES
BIBLE
METAL/ELECTRICAL/WOOD WORKING
BUSINESS PRINCIPLES
GRADE 11: COUNCIL SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE

GRADE 13: GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION
GRADE 10: JAMAICA SCHOOL CERTIFICATE
COMMUNITY COLLEGES: DIPLOMAS OR ASSOCIATE DEGREES (2-3 YEARS IN DURATION)
JAMAICA:
SECONDARY SCHOOL IS NOT FREE!!
NO PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION TO GET TO SECONDARY SCHOOL!
PLACED IN HIGH SCHOOL DUE TO SCORE ON CEE IF PARENTS CANNOT AFFORD
RURAL AND POOR URBAN AREA CHILDREN DO NOT HAVE EQUAL ACCESS TO EDUCATION
1/2 OF PRIMARY CHILDREN ARE ILLITERATE -- BY 9TH GRADE, OVER 100,000 STUDENTS CANNOT READ OR WRITE, ESPECIALLY BOYS
U.S.A.
Middle and high school are free
All children have equal access to education
less than 15% of primary children are illiterate
Public transportation provided to all public schools
SPORTS
JAMAICA
Cricket
Soccer
Track & Field
Basketball
Volleyball/Netball
U.S.A.
Baseball
Basketball
Football
Track & Field
Volleyball
Swimming
Surfing
The only difference is the way they prepare the food.
Cassava has been used to make bread in Jamaica since before Columbus journeyed to America.
What you find on the Island
Ackee is one vegetable plant you will find that is a staple in the Jamaicans diet. It is not native but was introduced by the English during their control of the island from 1655 until 1962 when the island gained its independence. When prepared ackee looks like scrambled eggs and is said to taste very similar.
Other dishes one finds in Jamaica are seafood dishes like fish, shrimp and lobster which are prepared into many different dishes.
What is the capital of Jamaica?

Are Jamaican foods similar to the U.S.?

What are some differences between secondary education in Jamaica and the U.S.?

True or False: Family is very important in Jamaica.

What is the most popular form of music in Jamaica?

True or False: Jamaica is known for making excellent wood furniture.
Mento, a fusion of European and African folk dance music that emerged in the early 1900's.
Banjo
Acoustic Guitar
Hand Drums
Rhumba Box
Woodworking: Known for "Georgian" Furniture

Pottery
Metal Working
Basket weaving
Kingston
Yes,they eat lots of rice and vegetables and chicken like people in the U.S.
Secondary school is not free in Jamaica and there is no public school free bussing like in the U.S.
True
Reggae
True - "Georgian" Furniture
Ska is a combination of Mento, American Jazz and Rhythm & Blues.
Piano
Guitar
Drums
Various Horns
Rocksteady came in 1966, a few years after the Jamaican Independence. Derived from Ska and laid the foundation for Reggae.
Reggae is a music genre first developed in the late 1960's.
Dub was formed from Reggae in 1960's.
Quiz Answers
Dimitri Gerakaris
Full transcript