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Figurative Language Techniques

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Chistopher Longstaff

on 30 March 2017

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Transcript of Figurative Language Techniques

Figurative Language
A Review of figurative
language techniques

(When viewing the videos please mute the music on the bottom left hand corner of the screen.)

Fun With Words
Figurative Language Prezi
Common Core Standards
Creating Comparisons
A direct comparison between two unlike things, using the words "like", or "as".
A metaphor is an implied comparison of two unlike things, in which one is made to relate to another.
Metaphors use linking verbs, most commonly in the form of the verb "to be".
An allusion is a reference to a specific person, place, thing,
or idea that the audience would be familiar with in literature, songs, movies, etc.
Allusions do not just have to be words or phrases, they can be pictures as well that indirectly call to mind or reference something else.
A hyperbole is an extreme exaggeration. Many times a hyperbole comes in the form of a simile of metaphor. Over time many hyperboles become cliches'.
The naming of an action or thing by the vocal
imitation of the sound associated with it.
Alliteration is the repetition of a particular sound in words and phrases.
A figure of speech where an object, person, or situation has another meaning other than its literal translation.
EDIM 508
Using figurative language, students will be able to:

CC.1.3.7.B Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences, conclusions, and/or generalizations drawn from the text.
CC.1.3.7.D Analyze how an author develops and contrasts the points of view of different characters or narrators in a text.
CC.1.3.7.E Analyze how the structure or form of a text contributes to its meaning.
CC.1.3.7.F Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in grade level reading and content, including interpretation of figurative, connotative meanings.
Bauer, M. (2011, March 26). Onomatopoeia. Retrieved from
Cabrera, D. (2008, August 06). Every metaphor and simile has an analogy inside . Retrieved from
Cruiz89. (Blogger). (2012). Disney heroes. [Print Drawing]. Retrieved from http://cruiz89.wordpress.com/2012/05/03/final-blog-post-disney-heroes/
Department of Education. (2013). Focus on figurative language. Retrieved from http://www.pdesas.org/module/content/resources/4603/view.ashx
Freiburger. (Designer). (2004). What colors symbolize. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.ffreelance.com/symbolism.html
Glasbergen, R. (Artist). (1996). Romeo and juliet. [Print Drawing]. Retrieved from www.glasbergen.com
Jansen. (Artist). (2012). Witsnips: Disney villians. [Print Drawing]. Retrieved from http://jasenstation.blogspot.com/2012/03/disney-villains.html

Lewis, Z. (2011, October 18). Similes in songs. Retrieved from
Lindsay. (Author). (2010). Twilight cover. [Print Photo]. Retrieved from http://team-twilight.com/20101003/twilight-hand-model-wants-a-role-in-the-films/
LoveToKnow. (1996-2013). Examples of alliteration. Retrieved from http://examples.yourdictionary.com/alliteration-examples.html
LoveToKnow. (1996-2013). Examples of allusion. Retrieved from http://examples.yourdictionary.com/examples/examples-of-allusion.html
LoveToKnow. (1996-2013). Examples of figurative language. Retrieved from http://examples.yourdictionary.com/examples-of-figurative-language.html
msbeanspiller. (2011, January 23). Burly hyperbole luchador. Retrieved from
Piven, H. (1997). Piven world. Retrieved from http://www.pivenworld.com/my-dog-is-as-smelly-as-dirty-socks/book-by-hanoch-piven
Similes can be simple or complex, but the more vivid the language, the better the imagery.
He swims like a fish.
(In this example because a person is
good at swimming the pronoun "he" is
used to compare him to a fish.)
In the previous picture, the author is comparing
the odor of his dog to dirty socks. But similes are not just used in silly child-like comparisons, watch the above video to see similes used in popular lyrics.
The world
my oyster.
The King
a heart of stone.
a thief.
Is the world really my oyster?

Does the king really have a heart of stone?

Can time really be a thief?
Metaphors only make sense when the similarities between the two things become apparent, or when someone
the connection.
This "understanding" comes from an analogy hidden inside both metaphors and similes. Watch the connected video to gain a better understanding of how analogies work in both metaphors and similes.
Follow the link below to read and understand different allusions found in literature.
What biblical reference is being alluded to in this cover of the novel Twilight?
The End
or is it...
1.) Write down three hyperbole insults featured in the video.
2.) Create a hyperbole rebuttal to each one of the insults used by the red luchador.
1.) In what other mediums would you find onomatopoeias?
2.) What onomatopoeias are associated with the following:
a.) A ball breaking a window
b.) A car suddenly stopping
c.) Waves breaking on the shoreline
Follow the link to learn more about the power of alliteration.
From the above link, take three names of famous people, and three famous brands, and create a sentence of alliteration for each pair.
al when
Many times in literature colors stand for a greater meaning. This is a form of symbolism. Look at the color chart below for a few meanings associated with each color.
When I typically think about color symbolism I think about "bad guys" and "good guys" in comics, stories, and films. Think about what colors they wear an associate with. Now, not all bad guys wear black and purple, and not all good guys are white knights, but the color symbolism is pretty close.
With your group, I would like you to find the following symbolic meanings of the words below.
1.) Chain
2.) Broken Mirror
3.) Dove
4.) Rose
5.) Diamond
6.) Chrysanthemums
7.) Fog/Mist
8.) Rain
9.) Crow
10.) Key
Mr. Christopher Longstaff's
This presentation is intended to give students a visual representation of figurative language techniques used in literature and their every day lives. Student will use this prezi conjunction with a review on the types of poetry discussed in class, and then fuze group assigned techniques with poetic forms and present their created piece in the form of a prezi to their class.
Hints or clues in the story that help the reader to predict what will happen next.
Full transcript