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Kate Munday

on 9 December 2015

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Transcript of China

The Flag
The red on the flag symbolizes communist revolution. Red in chinese is also a traditional colour.
Golden yellow implies that china belongs to the chinese people a "yellow race"
The biggest star on the flag represents the communist party. the four smaller stars the round around it each represent a traditional chinese society. 1.the working class 2. the peasantry 3.the urban petty bourgeoisie. 4. the national bourgeoisie (capitalist). the star isn't just a star but is a 5 pointed star, each point stands for an element, water, fire, earth, wood, metal and hence. this was historically associated with the emperor of china

Hello China
The Great Wall Of China
the china flag was first adopted on October 1st 1949
China is located along the East Coast of Asia and Pacific Ocean. with 50 degrees of latitude and 62 degrees of longitude. Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilo meters, china is the world's second largest country by land. China's terrain is vast and diverse ranging from forest steppes to the Taklamakan desert in the North and tropical rainforests in the South. The Yangtzen and Yellow Rivers is the third and sixths longest in the world running from Tibetan Plateau to the Yellow and East China Sea.
In winter most areas become very cold and in summer hot and rainy.
China is the world's most populated country with 1.35 billion citizens; 703 million male citizens and 653 million female citizens. It is expected in 2050 that their population will drop to 1.30 billion.
China comprises of 56 ethnic groups with 91.5% of Han and 8.5% of the other 55 minority.
Most of the ethnic groups can be found in the northwest, southeast and northeast of the country.
Although most chinese people can speak Mandarin or Catonese many of the ethnic groups have their own spoken language, writing and religion.
China is officially an atheist country due to being a communist country. 59% of the population has no religion affiliation. 22 percent practices Taoism and Confucianism ( traditional), 12 percent consider themselves atheist, 6% Buddhist, 2% Muslim and 1% Christian. .

Tribes from what we call now Mongolia often swooped in and out of land ruled by emperor Qin Shi Huang. He conquered all the surrounding states and united them under he's empire. The emperor destroyed walls between states and ordered for the wall to be extended, he also wanted to protect their border. Later, the Dynasties repaired the wall to deter the northern tribes from raiding he's land. Back than because of the lack of materials the wall was constructed from wood, gravel and mud, therefore repairing was needed constantly. Building the wall took alot materials and man power. it is said that over 1,000,000 people died during the construction of the wall. Saying goes that you can see the great wall of china from, space but we still wonder if this saying is true. As remarkarble as it would be to see the Great Wall Of China from space, people wait for the day this question is answered.
Although there is a picture taken from space showing not the whole wall but
small parts of the wall is visible. Even this pic confuses Astronaut Leroy Chiao who took the pictures
The 10 Critical World Issues In China
The Japan/china war started in July 1937, when the Japanese accused chinese troops in marco polo (near Beijing) for firing at them. With this excuses the Japanese launched a full scale attack on China.
The Onslaught of the Japanese was relentless. Within 5 months or less 1 million chinese citizens were under japanese control.
All the major cities in China were captured by the end of 1973. After this success, Japan didn't feel the need to enter China any further. By 1941 there were 2 million japanese solders in China. The land that was conquered by the japanese were not fully under their control. This gave the chinese the power to undermine the japaneses authorities. This war lead to 4 million casualties and 60 million un-sheltered.
Although the japanese felt the urge to slaughter the chineses, they have spread out their troops and were unable to continue and had to surrender.
The amount of money you earn determines your status and social acceptance

Map of the rivers
Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China has become the world's fastest growing major city. As of 2013 china is the second largest economy by nominal, GDP (Gross Domestic Products) and PPP( Purchasing Power Parity). China is also the world largest exporter and importer of goods in 2010.China today is one of the major economic powers with the greatest potential of development in the world.
Per capita income is below the world's average.
The collapse in international export markets that accompanied the global financial crisis of 2009 initially hit China hard, but its economy was among the best in the world to rebound, quickly returning to it's growth.

In order to re-establish his authorities over the chinese government after the failure of "The Great Leap Forward" (1958-1960) and the economic crisis that followed his position in the government was injeopardy.
Mao Zedong gathered radicals including his wife and defense minister Lin Biao and launched the Cultural Revolution in 1966.
Anyone who opposed Mao's idealodgy they would be attacked and harassed by the Red Guards.
In the early phases of the Cultural Revolution Mao Zedong imprisoned and beaten president Liu Shaoqi along with other communist leaders. Lui died in Prison in 1969.
During the cultural revolution about 1.5million people died. Millions suffered imprisonment, torture, general humiliation and seizure of properties.
The war ended when Mao died in 1972 from a stroke.
China's education system is the largest in the world.
Education is highly valued in China. Parents recognize achievements and success in subjects and therefore they strongly encourage their child to strive high.
An average day for a chinese student starts at 6am and ends school at 4pm. They than go to tutor class for 3-4 hours. They come home to study and by the time they go to bed it would be 10-11.30pm.
Recent study by the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development).
shows that most Shanghai Students aged 12-14 spend 9.8 hours learning in the class room and 3 hours finishing their homework.
Chinese students are once again at the top of the list for the PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment) test.
Even though the UK envies the chinese in the PISA test results they argue that chinese students are loosing their childhood and creative side due to too much testing and studying.
Chinese parents influence encompasses two important aspects. 1. Their involvement with their child's homework and difficult problems. 2. their attitude towards their child's learning. Students get their dedication from family's expectations.
"The higher your education, the higher your social status".

china is the world's largest e-waste dumping site in the world. Most device's start their life in China and end in china. About 70% of electronic waste end up in china.
Much toxic pollution comes from the burning of cords from computers, etc.
The conditions have improved dramatically over the years.
"I remember coming here in 2007 and there was a flood of trash" quoted Wong, who ferried bundles of trash.
However, according to the data gathered from Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2010 (GBD), the main causes of health loss in 2010 were COPD, low back pain, ischemic heart disease, stroke, and road injury.
Female smoking prevalence in China is one of the lowest in the world, but Chinese men have one of the highest rates (52%).
"tobacco is one of the top three risk factors in China and deaths attributable to its use have increased by almost 30% since 1990.
air and water pollution still cause a significant number of deaths and diseases in the country.
The number of deaths from NCDs has grown, along with the rates of diabetes, lung cancer, and ischemic heart disease."
Child mortality dropped by 80%, from 1 million deaths in 1990, to only 213,000 in 2010. Since 1990, the rate of deaths among children under 5, due to diarrhea and lower respiratory infections, has dropped by over 90%.

A priority on public
health and preventive medicine has
define chinese health policy since early
The public health has improved rapidly
due to better nutrients after the economic
reform in 1978.
Life expectancy from birth has jumped from
35 years to 73 years from 1945-2008.
The chinese government launched a large
scale provision initiative in 2009 worth 124
billion US dollars that was expected to
cover 90% of its people.

Even though china's public health has
improved china still has several emerging
public health issues such as respiratory illness,
wide spread pollution and smoking.
Due to china's expanding population
and densely populated cities has lead
to many serious outbreaks in the last
few years.
760,000 deaths in 2007 were caused
from air and water pollution.
With China's huge population, 430,000 kilos of waste is generated every day in the country. Faced with huge waste issues the public authorities have decided to react, by 2015 35% of waste shall be incinerated.
China loses 1,000,000 hectares of land a year
due to industrial building and urbanization.
this causes a massive impact on their food industry as they have lost 9,000,000 hectares from 1960-2006.
China is the worlds largest rice importer and countries rely on china for their rice.

In 1985 China's drinking water in cities and towns were considered clean. In 2006 China's water had seriously deteriorated. The main pollutants in China's water has changed from microorganisms to soluble organic pollutants and heavy metal iron.
Making water safe to drink is a huge priority in China.
190 million people in China fall ill and 60,000 people die from diseases from water pollution, such as liver and gastric cancer.
The chinese government is working hard to deliver safe drinking water to 54% of china's population by 2015.
Providing water is a challenge in China as half of its water is polluted. Wells and aquifers are contaminated with fertilizers pesticide residues, and heavy metal from mining.
On average a year China is short of 44 billion tonnes of water.
70% of China's water is heavily polluted that its classified unsafe for human contact.
In china it is highly recommended not to use tap water unless boiled. Bottle water would be preferred.
Any fruit and vegetables ( grapes, tomatoes etc) that comes in contact with water should be peeled, all vegetables need to be cooked.
Washed dishes are put into a sterilizer to kill excess germs.
In 1876, the first railway was built in China, and in 1906 the first highway was constructed. The government began to work on civil aviation. During the few decades they saw a massive development in transportation.
By the end of 2012 the total length of the highway reached a total of 4,237,500km. In 2013 the amount of passengers that traveled by trains were 2 billion.
Transportation has became more accessible and common in china. Their transportation has also becoming more advanced modern transportation include; express highways, electrified rail roads, metros, light railways and maglev railways.
Due to the over whelming population, the current amount of transportation doesn't reach people's need.
China reveals that there is an even faster train capable of reaching 500kph, the shape is inspired by a traditional sword.
Passengers were questioned about the best air service.
Three, Four and Five were in Asia. 3 being Hong Kong , 4 being Shanghai-Pudong and 5 being Seoul Korea.A(south)
In the 73 years that followed 22,000km of track were laid, but only half was accessible.
By 1984 China had 52,000km of operated tracks which 4,000 were electrified.
In late 1980'2 China had 140,000 highway bridges.
The best known highway bridge is The Yellow River Bridge.
China's longest highway brodge is 5km and 560m..
Also a 10km and 282m rail bridge was built across the yellow river.
The Rickshaw is probably the most famous tpe of transportation in china back in 1900's. A cart on wheels pulled by a man. Wealthy citerzens would be the ones that mainly rode on this. The only time you
will see this know is as a tourist attraction.
China has passed the US to become the world's largest energy consumer.
China's energy usage use to be half of the US 10 years ago but in the many years passed China has saw a huge number jumping change.
China's growing energy presents a new challenge to the US, aswell as an international effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions that links to climate change.
China's energy and mechanisms are gradually improving.
1.8% of energy that China uses is nuclear energy, which is below world's standard.
Wind energy is currently the most appropriate source of energy for large scale development and market driven utilization. China;s wind energy is the fastest growing in the world.
Actively using solar energy
China is rich in solar energy which boasts immense room for development and has a promising future.

By 2015 most of the people that don't have access to electricity will gain access to it.


Positive and Negative Affects.
Due to urbanization, more and more agriculture land is used for building.
Food productions cause distraction of environment, soil erosion, floods etc.
Cutting down trees to make more agriculture land can be positive and negative.
positive being they get more land to grow produce and food.
The negative is that trees produce oxygen and due to china's pollution oxygen is much needed but they cut down trees.
They economic growth is overwhelming but is causing great pollution for the country.
Did You Know.......??
Graph of usage
Before and after
Although pollution is a huge negative happening the chinese government has pledged to spend 275 billion dollars on cleaning the air in the next five years.
legislature amends that the countries environmental protection law to allow stricter punishments for any companies, people etc caught polluting the air.
Facebook, Twitter and The Newyork Times ahve been banned in China since 2009.
In 2003 China was the third country to send a person to space and back
China uses 45billion chopsticks a year.
The play station is illegal in china
A new skyscraper is built every 5 days
In China it is mandatory that cosmetic products are tested on animals
Dying pets to look like wild animals is a trend
in 1973 China proposed to give 10million women to the US to boost their population
Every year 4 million cats are eaten as a delicacy
The president of China is Xi Jinping
Australia is 3 hours ahead of China
Chinese people have to sometimes create artificial rain to clear away their pollution
Due to the pollution acid rain can happen.
Tibetan is the indegenous people. They were in China before the Ming Dynasty.
Tibetan (Indigenous People)
In The olden days it was tradition that parents would do what was called "Foot Binding".
They would do this by giving the child a small shoe to wear through out their life. If it didn't fit they would squeeze into it.
This would only be done to girls; so they would have small feet.
X-ray of normal foot
X-ray of foot binding foot
foot binding
Tests recently conducted on rice sold in Hong Kong found that grain imports from mainland China contained excessive levels of cadmium, a toxic heavy metal that can cause cancer and other health problems.
The Pollution in China is causing a food safety
Cadmium Rice
water~ In Australia Our water id fully cleaned and fresh, we wouldn't get sick from it. In China due to the pollution and waste management their water isn't very clean and is highly recommended that you don't drink it.
economy~ Our economy isn't as big but our pollution is fine. Their economic growth is way bigger than ours but their pollution is a big problem.
Waste~ Our waste is well looked after, our landfills are not overflowing and we have rubbish bins everywhere. In china their water gets flooded with garbage from landfills. Their landfills are overflowing and not looked after.
Food~ Our food that we grow is not contaminated because our air is not polluted their is and causes their food to have iron metal etc.
Solutions(from me)
i Think they should stop cutting down trees to make room for urbanization, they have many cities in china already. The pollution is already at its max. Creating more cities and buildings like: companys and factories will only cause more pollution.
Cutting down trees gets rid of the fresh air that china needs, but i guess the pollution is too bad to change now.

theguardian.com x3
what do they do?
Their aim is too help girls and boys aged from 0-8 from disadvantaged communities . Their goal is to support children and families to realize their right to live in society. To also let them be away from violence and to fulfill the potential.
How old are they?
They have been working in china for 19 years, so they started in china since 1996.
What critical issue does this charity assist?
They help children be able to attend school. From 1991
96% of children were able to attend 9 years of compulsory education. They also help with children's health
Friends Of China
Friends of Nature was found by a group of concerned Chinese intellectuals in Linglong Park, Beijing, on June 5th 1993, and officially registered at the State Ministry of Civil Affairs on March 31st 1994, as one of Chinese environmental NGO (Nongovernmental Organizations) pioneers
FON promotes citizens environmental awareness and creates platforms for public participation in environmental decision-making.
Over the last decade FON have been working to establish China's most pressing environment issues,
Friends of Natures logo
Plan's Logo
Where they are stationed
In all wars truth is the
first casualty.
The huge economic gains comes at an great environmental cost.
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