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George Washington

Challenges and Successes of the first (not really) President
by

Nicki Griffin

on 6 October 2014

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Transcript of George Washington

want a STRONG central government
George Washington... First President
What is the PRESIDENT's job?
US has HUGE debt
1.Great Britain still has forts on US territory
2.Fear that the new government had too much power
1.fear that the new gov't. would not work
negotiate
3.Spain controls Florida and Louisiana
4.France and England are at WAR w/ each other
3.added Bill of Rights to Constitution
2.Judiciary Act of 1789
1.Jay's Treaty
3.Pinckney's Treaty
Washington's Farewell Address
4.Proclamation of Neutrality
ALEXANDER HAMILTON =
Secretary of the Treasury
1. pay off foreign debts
5.start a National Bank
4.establish tariffs
4.Washington only serves 2 terms
PROBLEMS
SOLUTIONS
avoid political parties
remain neutral
set up Supreme Court
established a lower Federal Court in every state
established the U.S. Marshals
began as protest against Whiskey Tax
POLITICAL
PARTIES

FEDERALISTS
Hamilton's Economic Plan
GB stop attacking US ships
GB leave forts in NW Territory
HAMILTON
JEFFERSON
want a WEAK central government
LOOSE interpretation of Constitution
STRICT interpretation of Constitution
support National Bank
oppose National Bank
support INDUSTRIAL economy and new taxes and tariffs
support AGRICULTURAL economy; opposes taxes and tariffs
favor ELITE (rich)
favor "common man" (farmer)
support alliance with GB
support alliance with France
What problems do you think faced George Washington?
2.Native Americans in Ohio Valley
2.Treaty of Greenville
gave US permission to settle in Ohio Valley
National Bank
Taxes/Tariffs
treaty with GB
neutrality
DEMOCRATIC-
REPUBLICANS

V.
FEDERALISTS
DEMOCRATIC-
REPUBLICANS

Economic
Foreign Policy
Political
3.establish excise taxes
5.WHISKEY REBELLION
Key to US access to Mississippi River
Spain gave US "right of deposit" in New Orleans
Response:
Impact:
SHOWED POWER OF FEDERAL GOVERNMENT TO MAINTAIN ORDER AND SECURITY FOR NEW NATION
Does everyone always agree with solutions to problems?
Jot down two or three things from all of the solutions on your chart that people might have disagreed about...
What do you and your partner think might happen because of these disagreements? (write down your ideas)
power of gov
Constitution
National Bank
Economy
View of People
(social classes)
Foreign Policy
LEADER
A Quick Review: The American Revolution
You will now READ and ANALYZE a few parts of this document...
Bell Ringer:
On paper in your notebook, complete a Venn Diagram to show similarities in problems or jobs facing George Washington and Barack Obama as President of the US:
Washington
Obama
Bell Ringer:
Fill in the chart! FIRST, try w/o notes, then use notes from yesterday as needed to complete!
1.Established the Cabinet:
appointed THOMAS JEFFERSON as
Secretary of State
(excise tax)
At your table discuss and write down how you think different people might have reacted to news of the Whiskey Rebellion...
Bell Ringer:
List 2 ways Hamilton's Economic Plan caused DIVISION in the United States:

Do you think political parties are GOOD or BAD for the United States?
Explain your answer to your table partner...
2.assume state debts
use documents to find the differences in the first two political parties
* Washington led 15,000 troops into PA
* only 2 people arrested
US & GB = trade & Friendship
US would respect rights of tribes
not take sides with GB or France
still trade with BOTH
1. How did the Constitution set up the new government for the United States?
2. What issues or problems did the US still face?
3. Based on quote below, what ONE issue would cause the most division in the US?

“Every master of slaves is born a petty tyrant. [Slaves] bring the judgment of heaven on a Country. As nations can not be rewarded or punished in the next world they must be in this. By an inevitable chain of causes & effects, providence punishes national sins, by national calamities.”



“Every power vested in a Government is in its nature sovereign. and includes...a right to employ all the means [necessary], and fairly applicable to the attainment of the ends of such power; and which are not precluded by restrictions & exceptions in the Constitution.”

POLITICAL
ECONOMIC
Full transcript