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Copy of Elements of Fiction

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Maggie Jones

on 15 September 2016

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Transcript of Copy of Elements of Fiction

Elements of Fiction
PLOT
The main events of a play, novel, movie, or similar work, devised and presented by the writer as an interrelated sequence.
Conflict
A struggle between opposing
forces
in a story resolved by the end of the work. The plot revolves around the conflict and the characters are changed by having dealt with the conflict.
Characters
An imaginary person that inhabits a literary work. They may be defined as round or flat, dynamic or static, and protagonist or an antagonist.
Exposition
The first stage of a fictional or dramatic plot, in which necessary background information is provided.
Characters
Setting
Conflicts Introduced
Rising Action
This is where the character faces complications or difficulties with the conflict. Tension builds and the reader often experiences excitement or suspense.

Climax
This is the turning point of the story where the plot changes direction, turning from conflict to resolution. Often, the reader begins to infer (make an educated guess) how the story will end.
Falling Action
Here, the lives of the characters are on track to going back to "normal".
Resolution
The end of the story where the conflict is resolved and the protagonist has been changed in some way. Remember, the resolution may not always be what you want, but a conflict is still resolved.
Point of View
The perspective in which a story is told. The POV is important because it affects how we see or even interpret a story.
First Person
Third Person Omniscient
Third Person Limited
Second Person
Setting
Theme/Central Idea
A story told in first person is when a main character from the story is telling it from their perspective. Look for pronouns like "I" and "We" when identifying point of view.
The method of telling a story where the narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of several characters in the story.
Like third person omniscient, the narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of characters. However, the key difference between third person limited and third person omniscient is that the narrator's all-knowing power is limited to one (or a few) characters.
Second person is a point of view (how a story is told) where the narrator tells the story using the word 'you.'

For example, " You are walking through the woods at night when suddenly you hear the sound of leaves crackling behind you. You wonder if someone could possibly be falling you. However, you're too afraid to turn around. "
The time, place, and physical details in which a situation occurs. Settings include the background, atmosphere or environment in which characters live and move, and usually include physical characteristics of the surroundings.
Can establish tone and affect the readers mood
Create a mental picture
Can contribute to the conflict in some cases
The theme is an idea that is weaved throughout a story. A story may have more than one theme , some themes may stick out more than others, and the theme can vary from person to person.
Internal Conflict
Internal conflict refers to the psychological struggle a character may face. This could be as simple as a fear of snakes or as complex as mental illness. Key to remember is this struggle takes place within a character.
External Conflict
Rather than taking place within the mind, this type of conflict occurs externally. Where as the FEAR of snakes may be the internal conflict, having to PHYSICALLY FIGHT the snake would be an external conflict.
Protagonist
The main character who is in conflict with the antagonist. We often consider the protagonist the "good guy" and is intended to be the character that the reader relates to.
Antagonist
The antagonist is the character who is responsible for the conflict that the protagonist faces. The antagonist may not always be a person; for example, it could be a snake, the government, or even a character's dream that they struggle to achieve.
Identifying Themes
The theme must be drawn out of the story. Meaning, readers need to think deeply about the literary elements to find a bigger meaning behind what takes place on the surface.
What are some of the topics or concepts and what do we learn about them?
What conflict does the protagonist face and what can we learn from it?
Analyzing Themes
When analyzing the theme, readers need to dissect the text just like they would a frog in science. Good readers look for details that help contribute to the message of the story.
What details does the author use to carry out the theme?
What do you think the author's opinion is about the theme?
What is my opinion?
Does this theme apply to our world today?
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