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Lord Of The Flies

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KC Moore

on 1 February 2013

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Transcript of Lord Of The Flies

Case Study 2.0 :
Lord Of The Flies Subjects In Question:
Simon Ralph
Status: Alive Jack Merridew
Status : Alive Piggy
Status: Dead Simon
Status: Dead The Freudian Principle The Death Of Simon Thesis Golding was successful in using Ralph to represent democratic authority and ‘ego’ of man. Proofs - He was elected leader
- He had the conch
- Good priorities = good leader
(ex. built shelters, made a fire)
- Nelson Mandela “None of the boys could have found good reason for this; what intelligence had been shown was traceable to Piggy while the most obvious leader was Jack. But there was a stillness about Ralph as he sat that marked him out: there was his size, and attractive appearance; and most obscurely, yet most powerfully, there was the conch.”
- Lord of the Flies, The Sound of the Shell
(Chapter 1) “Meetings. Don’t we love meetings? Every day. Twice a day. We talk.’ He got on one elbow. ‘I bet if I blew the conch this minute, they’d come running. Then we’d be, you know, very solemn, and someone would be say we ought to build a jet, or a submarine, or a TV set. When the meeting was over they’d work for five minutes then wander off or go hunting.”
- Lord of the Flies, Huts on the Beach
(Chapter 3)
Democracy Freud's Ego Jack: ‘id’ – primitive/instinctive desires
Piggy: ‘superego’ – internalized moral
standards of society/upbringing
Ralph: ‘ego’ – decision maker,
balance between good & evil
(superego/id, Piggy/Jack) “It is a curious thing, Harry, but perhaps those who are best suited to power are those who have never sought it. Those who, like you, have leadership thrust upon them, and take up the mantle because they must, and find to their own surprise that they wear it well.”
- Albus Dumbledore to Harry Potter,
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows
by J. K. Rowling
(Chapter 35, King’s Cross) Thesis Golding was successful in using Jack to represent a totalitarian rule and the base instincts or the ‘id’ of man. - Survival over rescue
(doesn’t care about the signal fire)
- Savagery is a base instinct
- Obsessed with hunting
- Killed Simon
- Hides behind a mask of paint
- Wants control
(manipulates fear for power) Proofs “Kill the pig. Cut her throat.
Spill her blood.”
- Lord of the Flies
(Chapter 4 and others)
“You’re talking too much. Shut up, Fatty.”
- Lord of the Flies, The Sound of the Shell
(Chapter 1)
“Piggy and Ralph, under the threat of the sky, found themselves eager to take a place in this demented but partly secure society.”
- Lord of the Flies, A View to a Death(Chapter 9) “Bollocks to the rules! We’re strong – we hunt! If there’s a beast, we’ll hunt it down! We’ll close in and beat and beat and beat – !”
- Lord of the Flies, Beast from Water(Chapter 5) Ralph: ‘ego’ – decision maker,
balance between good & evil
Piggy: ‘superego’ – internalized moral
standards of society/upbringing
Jack: ‘id’ – primitive/instinctive desires
(survival instincts),
seeks immediate pleasure (regardless
of obstacles/consequences),
often overpowers the superego Everyone is good/evil but anyone can become savage when civilization collapses Golding was successful in using Piggy to represent the standards of conventional modern society. Thesis Proofs Powerless intellectual in society (intelligent but physically weak)
Rational & learned intelligence
Wears glasses
Provided the only adult figure (quoted his ‘auntie’)
Tie to civilization
Socrates “How can you expect to be rescued if you don’t put first things first and act proper?”
Lord of the Flies, Fire on the Mountain
(Chapter 2) Ralph: ‘ego’ – decision maker,
balance between good & evil
Jack: ‘id’ – primitive/instinctive desires
Piggy: ‘superego’ – internalized moral
standards of society/upbringing,
advises Ralph to do what’s right,
challenges Jack (and often loses) Freud's Superego Jack kills pigs
killing Piggy/civilization Thesis Golding was successful in using Simon to represent heightened insight into human nature and instinctual good. Proofs - Realizes what the Lord of the Flies (the Beast) actually is: intense fear & anxiety in man
- Picked fruit for the ‘littluns’ - Didn't become savage
- Jesus Christ Important Ideas - Who is the superego: Simon or Piggy?
- Nature vs. Nurture: how great is the
influence of genes, or nature, and the
environment, or nurture, on our behaviour? Simon: inherently good (nature) Jack: inherently bad (nurture) Jesus Christ and Simon Similarities: - selfless
- died trying to save their people
- condemned by the people they
were trying to save
- both understood the evil of
human nature
Differences: Simon - didn't save his people Simon's death: because he was so good, it symbolized the core evil in humans

Original sin: everyone has evil inside of them

In the right environment, it shows itself By using Ralph, Jack, Piggy, and Simon to represent symbols and themes, Golding was successful in using his characters to represent different layers of and aspects of society.

Thanks to the Beast – ‘the darkness of a man’s heart’ – and the savagery would ensue if civilization were to collapse. In Conclusion Thank you for listening! Lord of the Flies by KC, Tatiana, Esther, Jurressa & Olivia
Full transcript