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Establishing a Limited Monarchy
Transcript of Establishing a Limited Monarchy
Limited Monarchy By Erin , Ally, and Josh Significant People Prince William of Orange James II Sir Robert Walpole Crowned King of England in 1685.
James was determined to make Parliament grant tolerance for Catholics.
He placed Catholics in high posts in the army and the government. Prince William was the husband of Mary, the daughter of James II.
He organized an invasion against England in November of 1688 with 15,000 men.
He and his wife became the rulers of England when James II fled to France.
Together they signed the Bill of Rights. First Prime Minister of England.
Between 1721 - 1742, Walpole guided legislation through Parliament.
Eventually he took over the job of appointing many Government officials from the King.
He managed government finances, avoided expensive wars, and reinforced laws that supported trade and industry. Timeline 1701 1673 Test Act Passed under reign of Charles II. 1679 Exclusion Act attempted to pass by Whigs, but defeated by Tories. 1685 James II crowned King 1688 Prince William of Orange led a successful invasion on England Act of Settlement passed 1689 Bill of Rights signed by King William and Queen Mary
James II led a rebellion in Ireland hoping to regain the English throne Act of Toleration Passed 1707 Act of Union passed 1714 English Throne passed to the German Elector of Hanover, George. He became George I. 1760 King George III came to power. Interesting Facts - The two political parties at the time were called the Whigs and the Tories. The Tories generally supported the King and Anglican Church, whereas the Whigs fought for Parliament and toleration for Protestants. - Back when Charles II ruled, he had entered into a secret treaty with King Louis XIV of France. While Charles was getting money from France, he, in return, pledged to restore England to Catholicism. - Sir Robert Walpole let the British colonies in North America expand and develop themselves. His motto was, "Let sleeping dogs lie." Habeas Corpus Act passed Charles II Louis XIV The Rise of Democracy Nearing the end of the 1700's, the system of ruling had greatly changed in England. Monarchs no longer had the power to solely decide which officials to appoint and they needed approval from Parliament to pass taxes. The monarch's frequently had to summon Parliament, and couldn't interfere in any of their elections. Also, the King or Queen couldn't suspend laws without the consent of Parliament. English Civil War: Major Events The Habeas Corpus Act: Bill of Rights: Union Act: Test Act: Act of
Toleration: Act of
Settlement: Illegal to hold an individual in prison without trial, and a person could not be imprisoned twice for the same crime. Any person holding public office had to belong to the Anglican Church. Only an Anglican could inherit the English throne, and after Queen Anne, the sister of Queen Mary, passed, the closest Protestant relative would inherit the throne. The King and Queen needed approval of the Parliament to raise taxes and needed the Parliament's consent to suspend laws. Also monarch's had to summon Parliament frequently and couldn't interfere in their elections Gave freedom to Protestants to worship, not Catholics. Brought together the kingdoms of Scotland and England into the United Kingdom of Britain.